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Title Convergence : five critical steps toward integrating lagging and leading areas in the Middle East and North Africa
Published Washington, DC : World Bank Group, [2020]
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Description 1 online resource (xxvi, 210 pages) : color illustrations, color maps
Summary Policy makers across the Middle East and North Africa have for many years articulated plans to integrate their people spatially and economically. Wishing to bring communities together and narrow economic gaps, governments have made large capital investments in transport corridors and new cities. Hoping to provide jobs in places with little economic activity, governments have designated new industrial zones supported by spatially targeted business incentives. Yet the results of these place-based initiatives in MENA are limited. The disparities between capital cities and lagging areas, and between richer and poorer quarters of cities, remain stark. Across much of the region, a fortunate few are connected to opportunity, while many more people are marginal to the formal economy-- or live outside it, seemingly forgotten. Why have place-based spatial initiatives in MENA countries largely underdelivered, not yielding more sustainable jobs and growth? Although the challenges are many and vary across the region, this book explains that many of these place-based policies get one thing wrong: they attempt to treat inequity's spatial and physical symptoms, not its causes. This book presents the five roots causes of spatial inequity in institutional inefficiencies across MENA-- urban regulatory frictions, credentialist education systems, centralized control over local public services, barriers to the spatial mobility of goods and people, and barriers to market entry and lopsided business environments-- within cities, within countries, and across national borders
Notes "This report was prepared by a team led by Somik V. Lall, co-led by Ayah Mahgoub, and comprising Paolo Avner, Julie Biau, Alex Chunet, Olivia D'Aoust, Uwe Deichmann, Katrin Heger, Mathilde Lebrand, Sally Murray, Emiko Naomasa, Diana Tello, and Yuan Xiao"--Acknowledgments
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Resource, viewed April 1, 2020
Subject Economic development -- Government policy -- Middle East
Economic development -- Government policy -- Africa, North
Cities and towns -- Middle East -- Growth
Cities and towns -- Africa, North -- Growth
Form Electronic book
Author Lall, Somik V., editor
Mahgoub, Ayah, editor
ISBN 9781464814501
1464814503
9781464814518