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Author Filiu, Jean-Pierre

Title Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb : Algerian challenge or global threat? / Jean-Pierre Filiu
Published Washington, DC : Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2009
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Description 1 online resource (11 pages : digital, PDF file)
Series Carnegie papers ; no. 104
Working papers (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace) ; no. 104
Contents Introduction -- The legacy of the Civil War -- Timeline of key events in the North African Jihad -- The Iraqi dynamics -- The campaign of terror -- The Saharan perspective -- "Global" outreach -- Dealing with AQIM
Summary Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, established in January 2007, is the latest in a long line of Algerian jihadi groups. Like many terrorist organizations, AQIM enjoys global media exposure on activist Internet sites, but unlike other al-Qaeda franchises, it has managed to maintain its indigenous leadership. The group has become known for fearsome suicide attacks, which were previously unheard of in Algeria, but has failed to incorporate the jihadi outfits from neighboring Morocco and Tunisia. AQIM has therefore focused on the northern Sahara, carving out safe havens and threatening weak government forces, first in Mauritania, and now increasingly in Mali. At the outset, AQIM's global strategy was based on the triangular dynamic of the Middle East (where Iraq serves as a magnet for potential recruits), North Africa (where the group functions as a regional jihadi recruiting hub), and Europe (where it pursues aggressive propaganda against the French and Spanish "Crusaders"). The demise of al-Qaeda in Iraq jeopardized this grand design, undermining AQIM's capabilities on both sides of the Mediterranean, but although it primarily targets Western "Crusaders" in its own Algerian and Saharan environment, AQIM remains wedded to a global agenda. The threat of AQIM must be contained, and hopefully, ultimately eradicated. Algeria and the other targeted states have a long record of fighting similar jihadi networks, but they cannot confront transnational movements without international cooperation. To address this threat, regional security organizations can enhance much-needed bilateral exchanges among law enforcement and intelligence agencies. Additionally, the countries implementing the UN global strategy against terrorism should focus considerable attention on North Africa and the Sahel, where the threat is on the rise, but not yet out of control
Notes "October 2009."
Title from PDF title page (viewed on March 4, 2010)
Mode of access: Internet from Carnegie Endowment for International Peace web site. Adobe Acrobat Reader required
Subject Qaida (Organization)
Qaida (Organization)
Terrorism -- Africa, North
Terrorism -- Algeria
North Africa.
Form Electronic book
Author Carnegie Endowment for International Peace