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E-book
Author Segall, Paul, 1954- author

Title Earthquake and volcano deformation / Paul Segall
Published Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, [2010]
©2010
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Description 1 online resource (xxiii, 432 pages) : illustrations, maps
Contents Deformation, stress, and conservation laws -- Dislocation models of strike-slip faults -- Dip-slip faults and dislocations in three dimensions -- Crack models of faults -- Elastic heterogeneity -- Postseismic relaxation -- Volcano deformation -- Topography and earth curvature -- Gravitational effects -- Poroelastic effects -- Fault friction -- Interseismic deformation and plate boundary cycle models -- Appendix A: Integral transforms -- Appendix B: A solution of the diffusion equation -- Appendix C: Displacements due to crack model of strike-slip fault by contour integration
Summary Earthquake and Volcano Deformation is the first textbook to present the mechanical models of earthquake and volcanic processes, emphasizing earth-surface deformations that can be compared with observations from Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, Interferometric Radar (InSAR), and borehole strain and tiltmeters. Paul Segall provides the physical and mathematical fundamentals for the models used to interpret deformation measurements near active faults and volcanic centers. Segall highlights analytical methods of continuum mechanics applied to problems of active crustal deformation. Topics include elastic dislocation theory in homogeneous and layered half-spaces, crack models of faults and planar intrusions, elastic fields due to pressurized spherical and ellipsoidal magma chambers, time-dependent deformation resulting from faulting in an elastic layer overlying a viscoelastic half-space and related earthquake cycle models, poroelastic effects due to faulting and magma chamber inflation in a fluid saturated crust, and the effects of gravity on deformation. He also explains changes in the gravitational field due to faulting and magmatic intrusion, effects of irregular surface topography and earth curvature, and modern concepts in rate- and state-dependent fault friction. This textbook presents sample calculations and compares model predictions against field data from seismic and volcanic settings from around the world. Earthquake and Volcano Deformation requires working knowledge of stress and strain, and advanced calculus. It is appropriate for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in geophysics, geology, and engineering
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and indexes
Notes Print version record
Subject Deformations (Mechanics)
Earthquakes.
Rock deformation -- Mathematical models.
Strains and stresses -- Mathematical models.
Volcanism.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2009013202
ISBN 1282608215
140083385X (electronic bk.)
9781282608214
9781400833856 (electronic bk.)