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Author Schmidt, Anja

Title Modelling tropospheric volcanic aerosol : from aerosol microphysical processes to Earth system impacts / Anja Schmidt
Published Berlin ; New York : Springer, ©2013

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Description 1 online resource
Series Springer theses, 2190-5053
Springer theses.
Contents Motivation and Background -- GLOMAP-Mode Overview -- The Role of Time-Averaged Volcanic Sulphur Emissions in the Pre-industrial Era -- Impact of the 1783-1784 AD Laki Eruption on Global Aerosol Formation Processes and Cloud Condensation Nuclei -- Impact of the 1783-1784 AD Laki Eruption on Cloud Drop Number Concentrations and the First Aerosol Indirect Effect -- What if a Laki-Style Eruption were to Happen Tomorrow? -- Conclusions
Summary Anja Schmidt's thesis is a unique and comprehensive evaluation of the impacts of tropospheric volcanic aerosol on the atmosphere, climate, air quality and human health. Using a state-of-the-art global microphysics model, the thesis describes and quantifies the impact of volcanic sulphur emissions on global aerosol, clouds and the radiative forcing of climate. The advanced model enables the first ever estimate of the impact of the emissions on aerosol microphysical properties such as particle number concentrations and sizes, and therefore a considerably improved ability to quantify the climate and air quality effects. There are several important discoveries in this thesis. Firstly, it is shown that continuously degassing volcanoes exert a major effect on global clouds and climate. Secondly, the impact of the 1783 Laki eruption in Iceland is re-examined to show that this long-lasting flood lava eruption would have had major effects on clouds and climate. Thirdly, by combining her research on volcanism, atmospheric science and epidemiology, she shows that a present-day Laki-like eruption would seriously affect European air quality and cause over 100,000 premature deaths in the first year
Analysis Geography
Geology
Environmental protection
Earth Sciences
Natural Hazards
Earth System Sciences
Atmospheric Sciences
Environmental Health
Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution
Notes Ph. D. University of Leeds
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Subject Volcanic plumes.
Volcanism.
NATURE -- Earthquakes & Volcanoes.
SCIENCE -- Earth Sciences -- Seismology & Volcanism.
Sciences de la terre.
Environnement.
Volcanic plumes.
Volcanism.
Genre/Form Electronic books
Academic theses.
Academic theses.
Thèses et écrits académiques.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9783642348396
3642348394