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Title Imaging and intervention in urinary tract infections and urosepsis / Massimo Tonolini, editor
Published Cham : Springer, 2018


Description 1 online resource
Contents Intro; Contents; Part I: Clinicians' Current Perspectives on Urinary Tract Infections; 1: Introduction; References; 2: Introduction to Urinary Tract Infections: An Overview on Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Microbiology and  Treatment Options; 2.1 Definitions; 2.2 Epidemiology; 2.3 Risk Factors; 2.4 Microbiology and  the  Emergence of  MDR Bacteria; 2.5 Diagnosis; 2.6 Treatment; References; 3: Uncomplicated and  Complicated Urinary Tract Infections in Adults: The Infectious Diseases's Specialist Perspective; 3.1 Asymptomatic Bacteriuria
3.2 Acute Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections3.2.1 Microbiology and  Treatment of  Acute Uncomplicated UTI; 3.3 Acute Complicated Urinary Tract Infections; 3.3.1 Special Patient Groups; 3.3.2 Management of  Complicated UTI; 3.4 Urosepsis; 3.5 Recurrent UTI; References; 4: Perspective from  the  Urologist; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Cystitis; 4.2.1 Clinical Manifestations; 4.2.2 Diagnostic Evaluation; 4.2.3 Disease Management; 4.3 Pyelonephritis; 4.3.1 Pathogenesis; 4.3.2 Clinical Manifestations; 4.3.3 Diagnostic Evaluation; 4.3.4 Disease Management; 4.4 Urosepsis
4.4.1 Pathogenesis4.4.2 Clinical Manifestations; 4.4.3 Diagnostic Evaluation; 4.4.4 Disease Management; References; 5: Perspective from  the  Andrologist; 5.1 Epididymitis and  Orchitis; 5.1.1 Imaging; 5.2 Prostatitis and  Infections of  Seminal Vesicles; 5.2.1 Imaging; 5.3 Fournier's Gangrene; 5.3.1 Imaging; References; 6: Nothing Is Simple in Acute Pyelonephritis: A Pragmatic, Semantic Nephrologist's View; 6.1 What Is APN?; 6.2 What Happens When APN Is Diagnosed in Late Adolescents?; 6.3 Complicated or 'Complicating' Pyelonephritis?
6.4 Why Should We Be Concerned About Kidney Scars?6.5 What This Review Does Not Address: Some Notes on Pregnancy and  Kidney Transplantation; 6.6 Conclusions: Why We Need Further Research; References; Part II: Imaging of Upper Urinary Tract Infections; 7: Ultrasound of  Upper Urinary Tract Infections; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Imaging Modalities; 7.2.1 Plain Film; 7.2.2 Intravenous Urography; 7.2.3 Ultrasonography; 7.3 Acute Infection; 7.3.1 Pyelonephritis; 7.3.2 Pyonephrosis and  Hydronephrosis; 7.3.3 Emphysematous Pyelonephritis; 7.3.4 Emphysematous Pyelitis
7.3.5 Renal Abscess7.4 Chronic Infection; 7.4.1 Chronic Pyelonephritis; 7.4.2 Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis; 7.4.3 Tubercular Infection; 7.4.4 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Relate Infections and  Nephropathy; 7.4.5 Malakoplakia; 7.4.6 Fungal Infection; 7.4.7 Parasitic Infection; References; 8: Cross-Sectional Imaging of  Acute Pyeloureteritis and  Pyonephrosis; 8.1 Computed Tomography (CT) Role and  Techniques in Acute Urinary Infections; 8.2 Acute Pyeloureteritis; 8.3 Pyonephrosis; References; 9: CT Imaging and  Differential Diagnosis of  Acute Pyelonephritis
Summary Aimed at practicing clinicians and radiologists, this volume provides up-to-date, detailed information on potentially severe urinary tract infections (UTIs), which frequently require intensive in-patient antibiotic therapy, percutaneous or surgical treatment. UTIs are the most prevalent infectious illness, and account for hundreds of thousands of emergency and hospital admissions yearly. Furthermore, UTIs are the most common (almost 40%) type of hospital-acquired infections, with bladder catheterisation being the key risk factor. According to the European Association of Urology guidelines, complicated urinary tract infections (C-UTIs) are those associated with structural or functional genitourinary abnormalities or with conditions that impair the host's defence mechanisms, leading to an increased risk of acquiring infection or therapy failure. Besides offering current perspectives from urologists, nephrologists, and specialists in infectious diseases, the book presents the techniques and highlights the role of ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound, nuclear medicine, multidetector computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in providing comprehensive investigations of upper and lower tract UTIs, and of systemic infections from unknown sources. Cross-sectional imaging is currently recommended to confirm UTI, to assess severity and look for underlying treatable structural or functional abnormalities, in order to provide a consistent basis for a correct therapeutic choice. Furthermore, dedicated chapters illustrate the current status of UTI imaging in children and the expanding role and possibilities of interventional radiology in the treatment of severe urinary tract infections
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Print version record
In Springer eBooks
Subject Urinary tract infections -- Imaging
Urinary tract infections -- Treatment
Urinary Tract Infections -- diagnostic imaging
Urinary Tract Infections -- therapy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional
Radiography, Interventional
Ultrasonography, Interventional
Urinary Tract -- microbiology
Urology & urogenital medicine.
Renal medicine & nephrology.
HEALTH & FITNESS -- Diseases -- General.
MEDICAL -- Clinical Medicine.
MEDICAL -- Diseases.
MEDICAL -- Evidence-Based Medicine.
MEDICAL -- Internal Medicine.
Urinary tract infections -- Treatment
Form Electronic book
Author Tonolini, Massimo, editor
ISBN 9783319682761