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Author Albers, Jan, author

Title Responsibility and liability in the context of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes by sea : existing rules and the 1999 Liability Protocol to the Basel Convention / Jan Albers
Edition [Aufl. 2015.]
Published Heidelberg : Springer, [2014]


Description 1 online resource (xxv, 370 pages)
Series Hamburg Studies on Maritime Affairs, 1614-2462 ; volume 29
Hamburg studies on maritime affairs ; volume 29.
Contents Preface; Contents; Abbreviations; 1 Introduction; A. The Factual Perspective: Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes by Sea; B. The Legal Perspective: Existing Rules and the 1999 Liability Protocol to the Basel Convention; C. The Structure of This Book; 2 The International Trade in Hazardous Wastes and Its Economic Background; A. Hazardous Wastes: Properties and Economic Importance; I. Sources and Composition of Hazardous Wastes; II. Volumes of Generated Hazardous Wastes; III. Forms of Waste Treatment and Disposal; IV. The Commercial Value of Hazardous Wastes; V. Summary
B. The Transboundary Movement of WastesI. Reasons for the Emergence of Hazardous Waste Movements; II. Quantities and Typical Patterns of Hazardous Wastes Movements; III. The Involvement of Waste Brokers and Waste Dealers; IV. Illegal Traffic and Shipments Off the Official Path; V. Summary; C. The Interests Involved; I. Private Parties; II. State Interests; III. Hazardous Waste Trade as ''Environmental Racism''?; IV. Summary; D. The Risk Potential of Hazardous Waste Movements; 3 The Present Legal Framework; A. The Legal Concept of International Responsibility
I. The Principle of State Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful ActsII. Is There a Need for Autonomous Rules on State Liability for Lawful but Injurious Activities?; 1. ''False Cases of Liability Sine Delicto''; (a) The General Approach; (aa) Obligations of Conduct and Obligations of Result; (bb) Distinction Between Legal Acts and Factual Activities; (cc) Implications for the Application of State Responsibility; (b) Further Enhancements of this Approach; (aa) Equation of Activities and Its Consequences; (bb) A Comprehensive Obligation to Prevent Damage; (c) Summary
2. ''True Cases of Liability Sine Delicto''(a) Explicit Rules of State Liability; (b) Recognition as a General Principle of International Law?; (c) Implications of the Non-existence of a General Principle of State Liability; 3. The Relationship Between Both Concepts; III. The Importance of Civil Liability Conventions; B. The Contribution of the International Law Commission; I. State Responsibility; II. State Liability; C. State Responsibility in the Context of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes by Sea; I. Explicit Provisions of State Responsibility in International Treaty Law
1. The Basel Convention(a) Article 12; (b) Article 8; (c) Article 9; (d) Summary; 2. Other Conventions Relevant to the Trade in and Transport of Hazardous Wastes; 3. The Law of the Sea Convention (UNCLOS); 4. Other Conventions Relevant to the Protection of the Marine Environment; 5. Summary; II. The Customary Principle of State Responsibility; 1. Act of the State; (a) State Organs and Persons Empowered by the State; (b) Persons in Fact Acting for the State; (c) Conduct Ultra Vires; (d) Interstate Attribution; (e) Persons Solely Acting in Private Capacity; (f) Summary
Summary The term "hazardous wastes" covers a wide range of disused products and production wastes generated not only in industrial sectors, but also in all areas of everyday life. Hazardous wastes are to a large extent shipped by sea to third countries for recycling or disposal. While the procedural requirements for such movements are laid out in the 1989 Basel Convention, explicit rules of responsibility and liability for resulting damages are neither provided by the Basel Convention nor by other international conventions. The Liability Protocol to the Basel Convention of 1999 has not yet entered in
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed October 13, 2014)
Subject Hazardous wastes -- Transportation -- Law and legislation.
Maritime law.
Toxic torts.
LAW -- Military.
Hazardous wastes -- Transportation -- Law and legislation
Maritime law
Toxic torts
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9783662433492