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Author Valencia, Areli, author.

Title Human rights trade-offs in times of economic growth : the long-term capability impacts of extractive-led development / Areli Valencia
Published New York : Palgrave Macmillan, [2016]


Description 1 online resource (297 pages)
Series Latin American Political Economy
Latin American political economy.
Contents Dedication ; Foreword; Acknowledgments; Contents; Abbreviations; List of Figures; chapter 1: Introduction: Human Rights Trade-offs in€Times of€Economic Growth: A€Tale from€Peru; Background; The Puzzle; The Conceptual Framework; The Argument; Beyond the€"Local" Trade-off; The Multidisciplinary Nature of€the€Study; Book Outline; Notes; chapter 2: The La Oroya Conflict: The€Intractable Conflict Between Health and€Work; The Smelter's Privatization: The€Doe Run Chapter; The Evidence: Lead, Cadmium, and€Arsenic Contamination; The Defense of€Health; The Defence of€Work
The Legal Architecture: Fighting for€Justice Perpetuating Injustice; Conclusions; Notes; chapter 3: A Systemic Human Rights Model of€Analysis: An€Integrated Approach; Introduction; Structural Approaches to€Human Rights; Historical-Constructionist Notion of€Human Rights; Structuring Human Rights Abuses and€Uneven Distribution of€Harm and€Benefits; The International Legal Framework of€Human Rights; Analysis and€Strategies to€Unveil Root Causes; Why the€Capability Approach: Justifying the€Conceptual Integration; What Is the€Capability Approach? Antecedents and€Main Tenets
Selecting Valuable Capabilities: Which Capabilities and€Who Decides?Human Capabilities and€Human Rights: Advancing the€Interdisciplinary Dialogue; The Human Rights Systemic Analytical Model: Methodological Principles; Self-Reflexivity; Fostering Historical and€Political Awareness; Voicing People; Engaging in€the€Scrutiny of€Individuals and€Their Social Embeddedness; The Human Rights Systemic Analytical Model: Steps and€Purposes; Conclusions; Notes; chapter 4: Systemic Lack of€Freedom in€La Oroya: The€Socio-historical Roots and€the€Political-ƯEconomic Background; Introduction
The Socio-historical Roots of€Lack of€Freedom in€La OroyaThe Smoke Damages Controversy; The Formation of€a€Proletarian Class in€Central Andes; The Political-Economic Background of€Lack of€Freedom in€La Oroya; Setting the€Foundations for€a€Supportive State-Private Investment Partnership; The Revolutionary Years (First Phase 1968-1974; Second Phase 1975-1979); The Neoliberal Turn and€the€Re-privatization of€La Oroya Smelter; New Conflicts, New Discourses, Same Institutional Response; Conclusions; Notes; chapter 5: Experiencing Systemic Lack of€Freedom: The€Voice of€La Oroya; Introduction
Voices of€La OroyaHistorical Pollution and€Perceptions of€Damage; Migration and€Collective Identity; Structuring Inequalities: Socio-economic Status, Access to€Services, and€Gender Roles; Uncertainty About the€Health Impacts of€Smelter Pollution; Access to€Information, Responsibility for€Illness, and€Stigma Against the€Poor; Individuals' Values and€Needs; What Do We€Learn from€Experiences of€Lack of€Freedom in€La Oroya?; Conclusions; Notes; chapter 6: Examining the€Trade-offs Between Health and€Work in€La Oroya: The€Long-Term Capability Impacts of€Extractive-Led Development; Introduction
Summary This book uncovers a historical dependency on smelting activities that has trapped inhabitants of La Oroya, Peru, in a context of systemic lack of freedom. La Oroya has been named one of the most polluted places on the planet by the US Blacksmith Institute. Residents face the dilemma of whether to defend their health or to preserve job stability at the local smelter, the main source of toxic pollution in town. Valencia unpacks this paradoxical human rights trade-off. This context, shaped by social, historical, political, and economic factors, increases people's vulnerabilities and decreases their ability to choose, resulting in residents' trading off their right to health in order to work. This book shows the deep connection of this local dilemma to the country's national paradox, arising out of Peru's vision of natural resource extraction as the main path to secure economic growth for the entire country at the expense of some groups
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Environmental law -- Economic aspects -- Peru -- Case studies
Environmental justice -- Peru -- Case studies
Smelting -- Environmental aspects -- Peru -- Case studies
Right to health -- Economic aspects -- Peru -- Case studies
Smelting -- Environmental aspects -- Peru -- La Oroya
Right to health -- Economic aspects -- Peru -- La Oroya
Human rights.
Politics & government.
Development studies.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Government -- General.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Government -- National.
Smelting -- Environmental aspects
Environmental law -- Economic aspects
Environmental justice
Politics and government
Social justice
Economic development
Human rights
Peru -- La Oroya
Latin America
Genre/Form Case studies
Case studies.
Études de cas.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 1137488689