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E-book

Title Applied technologies in pulmonary medicine / editor, Antonio M. Esquinas
Published Basel, Switzerland : Karger, ©2011

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Description 1 online resource (xiv, 256 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Contents Cover -- Contents -- Preface -- Applied Technologies in Mechanical Ventilation -- Proportional Assist Ventilation and Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist -- Patient-Ventilator Interaction -- From Brain to Breath: Spontaneous Breathing -- Proportional Assist Ventilation -- Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist -- Discussion -- Conclusion -- Recommendations -- References -- Time-Adaptive Mode: A New Ventilation Form for the Treatment of Respiratory Insufficiency -- Description of the TA Algorithm -- Clinical Implication of TA-Mode NIV -- Conclusion -- References -- Influence of Ventilation Strategies on Hemodynamics in Hypovolemic Shock -- Influence of Intrathoracic Pressure on Blood Flow -- Physiological Background -- Conventional Therapeutic Consequences -- Reducing Mean Airway Pressures -- Experimental Therapeutic Consequences -- Reducing Mean Airway Pressures Sub-Zero -- Negative Side Effects of Decreasing Intrapulmonary Pressures and Limitations -- Conclusion -- References -- Gas Exchange during Perfluorocarbon Liquid Immersion -- Analysis Main Topics Related to Title -- Discussion -- Conclusion -- References -- Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Respiratory and Heart Failure in Adults -- ECMO for ARDS and Primary Respiratory Failure -- ECMO for Primary Cardiac Failure -- Practical Aspects -- Promising Developments -- Conclusion -- References -- Automatic Control of Mechanical Ventilation Technologies -- An Overview of Various Mechanical Ventilation Technologies -- Major Automatic Ventilation Technologies -- Conclusion -- Recommendations -- References -- Weaning Mechanical Ventilation -- Corticosteroids to Prevent Post-Extubation Upper Airway Obstruction -- Prevalence of Post-Extubation UAO -- Detection of Increased Risk for Post-Extubation UAO -- Corticosteroids to Prevent Post-Extubation UAO -- Recommendations -- References
FLEX: A New Weaning and Decision Support System -- Analysis -- FLEX Features -- Discussion -- Recommendations -- References -- Applied Technologies in Specific Clinical Situations / Technology in Sleep Pulmonary Disorders -- Thermal Infrared Imaging during Polysomnography: Has the Time Come to Unwire the 'Wired' Subjects? -- Description of TIRI -- Integration of TIRI with Polysomnography -- Discussion -- Recommendations -- References -- Applied Technologies in Specific Clinical Situations / Technology in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation -- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation with the Boussignac System -- Analysis -- Discussion -- Recommendations -- References -- Respiratory Function Monitoring during Simulation-Based Mannequin Teaching -- Respiratory Function Monitor -- Mask Hold and Positioning Techniques -- Assessment of PIP and PEEP -- Adjusting PIP to Achieve Appropriate VTs -- Assessment of the Trainee's Performance -- Conclusion -- References -- Applied Technologies in Specific Clinical Situations / Technology in Inhalation Therapy -- Technological Requirements for Inhalation of Biomolecule Aerosols -- General Problems of Inhalation Therapy -- Physical Methods for Aerosol Administration -- Dry Powder Inhalers -- Metered Dose Inhalers -- Nebulizers -- Novel Devices for Enhanced Pulmonary Drug Delivery -- Advantages of Individualized Controlled Inhalation -- Conclusions -- References -- Problems and Examples of Biomolecule Inhalation for Systemic Treatment -- Stability of Biomolecules -- Physiological Inhibitors of Absorption -- Factors Affecting the Absorption of Macromolecules -- Improvement of Macromolecule Absorption -- Systemic Treatment with Inhaled Macromolecules -- Safety of Macromolecule Inhalation -- Conclusions -- References -- Diabetes Treatment by Inhalation of Insulin -- Shine and Decline of a Novel Type of Therapy
History of Insulin Inhalation -- Carriers of Insulin for Inhalation -- Improvement of Insulin Bioavailability by Addition of Absorption Enhancers -- Pharmacokinetics of Inhaled Insulin in Individuals without Lung Diseases -- Effect of Smoking on the Pharmacokinetics of Inhaled Insulin -- Effect of Pulmonary Diseases on the Pharmacokinetics of Inhalant Insulin -- Safety of Inhalant Insulin -- Acceptance and Costs of Inhaled Insulin -- Conclusions -- References -- Technonlogy in Diagnosis and Pulmonary Problems -- Endobronchial Ultrasound -- Radial EBUS -- Linear EBUS-TBNA -- Conclusion -- Recommendations -- References -- Technology in Anesthesiology -- Minimally Inva sive Thoracic Surgery for PulmonaryResections -- Analysis -- Discussion -- Recommendations -- References -- Acute Lung Collapse during Open-Heart Surgery -- Mechanisms of Acute Lung Collapse -- Pathophysiology of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Complications during Acute Lung Collapse -- Measures That May Help Re-Expansion of the Collapsed Lung -- Measures That May Help Separation of the Patient from CPB -- Measures That May Prevent Acute Lung Collapse during CPB -- Recommendations -- References -- Anesthesia in the Intraoperative MRI Environment -- Recommendations -- References -- Awake Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia Pulmonary Resections -- Background -- Anesthesia -- Surgery -- Conclusions -- References -- Technology in Transplants -- Preservation of Organs from Brain-Dead Donors with Hyperbaric Oxygen -- Main Topics -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- References -- Technology and Monitoring -- Teleassistance in Chronic Respiratory Failure Patients -- Homecare Systems -- Telemedicine â#x88;#x92; Telesupport â#x88;#x92; Teleassistance -- Results from the Literature -- Conclusion -- Recommendations -- References -- Capnography: Gradient PACO2 and PETCO2 -- Trending -- Case Reviews -- Discussion -- Conclusions
Critical Care Outcome of Lung Cancer Patients -- Predictors of Critical Care Outcome of Lung Cancer Patients -- Recommendations -- References -- Prognosis and Readmission -- Readmission to the Intensive Care Unit for Patients with Lung Edema or Atelectasis -- Analysis Main Topics Related with Your Title -- Discussion -- Recommendations -- References -- Pulmonary Rehabilitation and Technology -- Early Mobilization in the Intensive Care Unit: Safety, Feasibility, and Benefits -- Epidemiology -- Pathophysiology of Bed Rest and Immobility -- Early Mobilization in the ICU -- Safety -- Feasibility -- Potential Benefits of Early Mobilization -- Conclusion -- References -- Evidence-Based Guidelines in Pulmonary Rehabilitation -- Main Topics -- Discussion -- Recommendations -- References -- Ward Mortality in Patients Discharged from the ICU with Tracheostomy -- Main Topics -- Discussion -- Recommendations -- References -- Pulmonary Medicine in Pediatrics and Neonatology Critical Care -- Exogenous Surfactant in Respiratory Distress Syndrome -- Pulmonary Surfactant -- Changes of Pulmonary Surfactant in ARDS -- Surfactant Replacement Therapy -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Hypercapnia and Hypocapnia in Neonates -- Influence of Hypocapnia on the Central Nervous System -- Effect of Hypocapnia on the Respiratory System -- Hypercapnia -- Permissive Hypercapnia -- Permissive Hypercapnia and Disease of the Respiratory System -- Permissive Hypercapnia and Central Nervous System Disease -- Conclusion -- References -- Respiratory Health Problems and Environment -- Air Pollution and Health -- Conclusion -- References -- Air Pollution and Non-Invasive Respiratory Assessments -- Lung Function Testing -- Sputum Induction -- Exhaled Breath -- Exhaled Breath Condensate -- Nasal Lavage -- Saccharin Transit Time Test -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments
Summary This book is based on a selection of the most original articles published in the past year on new technological advances in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases. The authors of these papers were invited to contribute to this volume with critical reviews of their recent results and a discussion of the clinical implications of these findings. Technical innovations in the treatment of respiratory diseases involve many aspects from basic physics to pathophysiology and clinical experience in pulmonary and critical care medicine. The book therefore covers a broad spectrum of topics including mechanical ventilation, ventilator modes, new pharmacological treatments during ventilation, prevention of ventilator-associated infections, technologies in anesthesiology, pulmonary rehabilitation, telemonitoring in pediatric and neonatal critical care and assistance in chronic respiratory failure. Diagnostic methods such as polysomnography and ultrasound are considered as well as cardiopulmonary resuscitation methods and new options in inhalation therapies. Furthermore, the role of the environment in respiratory health problems is analyzed, and organizational issues in disaster management and intensive care are highlighted. Intended to help clinicians understand the highly technological diagnostic and therapeutic methods available today, this book will be indispensable for anyone caring for children or adults with respiratory problems, both in the ICU and in daily practice
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and indexes
Notes Print version record
Subject Respiratory therapy -- Technological innovations
Respirators (Medical equipment)
Biomedical engineering.
Respiratory organs -- Diseases.
Pulmonary Medicine -- instrumentation
Pulmonary Medicine -- methods
Biomedical Technology
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Technology, Medical -- instrumentation
Ventilators, Mechanical
Biomedical Engineering
Respiration Disorders
biomedical engineering.
MEDICAL -- Allied Health Services -- Respiratory Therapy.
Respirators (Medical equipment)
Form Electronic book
Author Esquinas, Antonio M
S. Karger (Firm)
ISBN 9783805595858
3805595859