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Title Proteases : structure and function / edited by Klaudia Brix, Walter Stocker
Published Vienna : Springer Verlag GmbH, 2013


Description 1 online resource (600 pages)
Contents Protease Families, Evolution and Mechanism of Action / Neil D. Rawlings -- Kinetics of the Interaction of Peptidases with Substrates and Modifiers / Antonio Baici, Marko Novinec and Brigita Lenarčič -- Compartmentalization of Proteolysis / Klaudia Brix, Christopher J. Scott and Margarete M.S. Heck -- Cathepsins: Getting in Shape for Lysosomal Proteolysis / Ann H. Erickson, Ciro Isidoro, Lukas Mach and John S. Mort -- Limited and Degradative Proteolysis in the Context of Posttranslational Regulatory Networks: Current Technical and Conceptional Advances / Stefan Tholen, Maria Magdalena Koczorowska, Zon Weng Lai and Joern Dengjel ... -- Exploring Systemic Functions of Lysosomal Proteases: The Perspective of Genetically Modified Mouse Models / Martina Gansz, Ursula Kern, Christoph Peters and Thomas Reinheckel -- Astacins: Proteases in Development and Tissue Differentiation / Walter Stöcker and F. Xavier Gomis-Rüth -- Proteases in Death Pathways / Andreas Flütsch and Markus G. Grütter -- ADAM Proteases in Physiology and Pathophysiology: Cleave to Function in Health or to Cause Disease / Joachim Grötzinger and Stefan Rose-John -- Proteases in the Nervous System / Holger Cynis, Stefan F. Lichtenthaler, Leona Wagner and Hans-Ulrich Demuth -- Proteases in the Mammalian Digestive System / S. Gaylen Bradley, Toni M. Antalis and Judith S. Bond -- Calpains in Health and Disease / John Anagli, Kevin K.W. Wang, Yasuko Ono and Hiroyuki Sorimachi -- Metalloproteinases in Cartilage Matrix Breakdown: The Roles in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis / Hideaki Nagase and Gillian Murphy -- MMP-Mediated Collagen Remodeling and Vessel Functions / Agnès Noel and Nor Eddine Sounni -- Proteases in Cancer: Significance for Invasion and Metastasis / Bonnie F. Sloane, Karin List, Barbara Fingleton and Lynn Matrisian
Summary Proteolysis is an irreversible posttranslational modification affecting each and every protein from its biosynthesis to its degradation. Limited proteolysis regulates targeting and activity throughout the lifetime of proteins. Balancing proteolysis is therefore crucial for physiological homeostasis. Control mechanisms include proteolytic maturation of zymogens resulting in active proteases and the shut down of proteolysis by counteracting endogenous protease inhibitors. Beyond the protein level, proteolytic enzymes are involved in key decisions during development that determine life and death - from single cells to adult individuals. In particular, we are becoming aware of the subtle role that proteases play in signaling events within proteolysis networks, in which the enzymes act synergistically and form alliances in a web-like fashion. Proteases come in different flavors. At least five families of mechanistically distinct enzymes and even more inhibitor families are known to date, many family members are still to be studied in detail. We have learned a lot about the diversity of the about 600 proteases in the human genome and begin to understand their physiological roles in the degradome. However, there are still many open questions regarding their actions in pathophysiology. It is in this area where the development of small molecule inhibitors as therapeutic agents is extremely promising. Approaching proteolysis as the most important, irreversible post-translational protein modification essentially requires an integrated effort of complementary research disciplines. In fact, proteolytic enzymes seem as diverse as the scientists working with these intriguing proteins. This book reflects the efforts of many in this exciting field of research where team and network formations are essential to move ahead
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Proteolytic enzymes.
Proteolytic enzymes -- Structure
Peptide Hydrolases
SCIENCE -- Life Sciences -- Biochemistry.
Proteolytic enzymes
Form Electronic book
Author Brix, Klaudia.
Stöcker, Walter.
LC no. 2013956226
ISBN 9783709108857