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Title Accelerating poverty reduction in Africa / Kathleen Beegle, Luc Christiaensen, editors
Published Washington DC : World Bank Group, [2019]
©2019
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Description 1 online resource (xxi, 285 pages) : color illustrations, color maps
Contents Front Cover; Contents; Foreword; Acknowledgments; About the Editors and Contributors; Abbreviations; Key Messages; Overview; Poverty Reduction in Africa: A Global Agenda; Poverty in Africa: Stylized Facts; Africa's Slower Poverty Reduction; Growth Fundamentals and Poverty Financing; Earning More on the Farm; Moving Off the Farm: Household Enterprises; Managing Risks and Conflict; Mobilizing Resources for the Poor; Way Forward: Four Primary Policy Areas; Notes; References; Introduction; Notes; References; 1. Poverty in Africa; Poverty Today and Tomorrow; Africa's Poverty in Profile
Key messages -- Overview -- Introduction -- 1. Poverty in Africa -- 2. Africa's demography and socioeconomic structure -- 3. Earning more on the farm -- 4. Moving to jobs off the farm -- 5. Managing risks and conflict -- 6. Mobilizing resources for the poor
A Profile of Africa's Off-Farm WorkThe Prospect of Formal Wage Jobs; Key Traits of Household Enterprises; Better Household Enterprises for the Poor; Fostering Demand: The Role of Towns and Regional Trading; Notes; References; Fundamentals 3 Leapfrogging with Technology (and Trade); Trends, Challenges, and Leapfrogging Opportunities; How Can the Poor Benefit from These Technological Advances?; Notes; References; 5. Managing Risks and Conflict; The Urgency of Risk Management; Risk and Conflict Increase Poverty and Keep People Poor; Prevalence of Shocks and Conflict in Africa
An Integrated Approach Is NeededInclusive Value Chain Development as Response; The Need for Complementary Public Goods, Especially for Staples; Notes; References; Fundamentals 2 The Nexus of Gender Inequality and Poverty; Gender Gaps in Human Endowments; Glaring Differences in the Time Use of Men and Women; Differences in Asset Ownership and Control between Women and Men; Gender Gaps Exacerbated by Formal and Informal Institutions and Norms; Mobility and Safety Challenges for Women; Policy Levers to Address Gender Gaps and Reduce Poverty; Notes; References; 4. Moving to Jobs Off the Farm
Lessons from Recent ExperienceNotes; References; 2. Africa's Demography and Socioeconomic Structure; High Fertility Holds Back Poverty Reduction; Poor Initial Conditions; More and Better Income-Earning Opportunities for the Poor; A Way Forward; Notes; References; Fundamentals 1 Africa's Human Development Trap; The Health Poverty Trap; The Education Poverty Trap; Escaping the Human Development Poverty Trap; Notes; References; 3. Earning More on the Farm; Largely Favorable Conditions for Agricultural Development; Not All Agricultural Growth Is Equally Poverty Reducing
Reducing Exposure to Shocks in AfricaHow Do Households Manage Shocks?; Better Insurance for the Poor; Addressing Constraints to Investment in Risk Prevention and Management; Notes; References; Fundamentals 4 Politics and Pro-Poor Policies; Varying Politics and Incentives, Varying Results; Channels for Change; References; 6. Mobilizing Resources for the Poor; Africa's Large Poverty Financing Gap; Fiscal Systems in Africa; Mobilizing More (and Less-Harmful) Revenues; Toward Better Spending for the Poor; Notes; References; Boxes
Summary Sub-Saharan Africa's turnaround over the past couple of decades has been dramatic. After many years in decline, the continent's economy picked up in the mid-1990s. Along with this macroeconomic growth, people became healthier, many more youngsters attended schools, and the rate of extreme poverty declined from 54 percent in 1990 to 41 percent in 2015. Political and social freedoms expanded, and gender equality advanced. Conflict in the region also subsided, although it still claims thousands of civilian lives in some countries and still drives pressing numbers of displaced persons. Despite Africa's widespread economic and social welfare accomplishments, the region's challenges remain daunting: Economic growth has slowed in recent years. Poverty rates in many countries are the highest in the world. And notably, the number of poor in Africa is rising because of population growth. From a global perspective, the biggest concentration of poverty has shifted from South Asia to Africa. Accelerating Poverty Reduction in Africa explores critical policy entry points to address the demographic, societal, and political drivers of poverty; improve income-earning opportunities both on and off the farm; and better mobilize resources for the poor. It looks beyond macroeconomic stability and growth--critical yet insufficient components of these objectives--to ask what more could be done and where policy makers should focus their attention to speed up poverty reduction. The pro-poor policy agenda advanced in this volume requires not only economic growth where the poor work and live, but also mitigation of the many risks to which African households are exposed. As such, this report takes a "jobs" lens to its task. It focuses squarely on the productivity and livelihoods of the poor and vulnerable--that is, what it will take to increase their earnings. Finally, it presents a road map for financing the poverty and development agenda.-- Provided by publisher
Notes Box O.1 Investments in human capital are critical to alleviate poverty
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Print version record
Subject Economic development -- Africa, Sub-Saharan
Poverty -- Africa, Sub-Saharan.
Economic development.
Economic history.
Poverty.
Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Economic conditions.
Sub-Saharan Africa.
Form Electronic book
Author Beegle, Kathleen, 1969- editor.
Christiaensen, Luc J., editor.
World Bank, issuing body.
ISBN 1464812330
9781464812330