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Author Tyrrell, Ian R.

Title True gardens of the gods : Californian-Australian environmental reform, 1860-1930 / Ian Tyrrell
Published Berkeley, Calif. : University of California Press, [1999]
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (xi, 313 pages) : maps
Contents Introduction: True Gardens of the Gods -- 1. Renovating Nature: Marsh, Mueller, and Acclimatization -- 2. Wheat, Fruit, and Henry George: The Political Economy of California Horticulture -- 3. Trees in the Garden: The Australian Invasion -- 4. The Remarkable Pines of Monterey: Californian Softwoods in Australasia -- 5. Irrigation and the Garden in California: Popular Thought -- 6. Dreams and Ditches: Deakin, Australian Irrigation, and the Californian Model -- 7. Transplanting Garden Landscapes: The Chaffey Ventures and Their Aftermath -- 8. To Australia and Back: Elwood Mead and the Vision of Closer Settlement -- 9. Bug versus Bug: California's Struggle for Biological Control -- 10. Blasting the Cactus: Biological Control in Australia -- Epilogue: The Death of the Garden?
Summary One of the most critical environmental challenges facing both Californians and Australians in the 1860s involved the aftermath of the gold rushes. Settlers on both continents faced the disruptive impacts of mining, grazing, and agriculture; in response to these challenges, environmental reformers attempted to remake the natural environment into an idealized garden landscape. As this cutting-edge history shows, an important result of this nineteenth-century effort to "renovate" nature was a far-reaching exchange of ideas between the United States - especially in California - and Australia. Ian Tyrrell demonstrates how Californians and Australians shared plants, insects, personnel, technology, and dreams, creating a system of environmental exchange that transcended national and natural boundaries. True Gardens of the Gods traces a new nineteenth-century environmental sensibility that emerged from the collision of European expansion with these frontier environments
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 291-299) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Agriculture -- Australia -- History.
Agriculture -- California -- History.
Human ecology -- Australia -- History.
Human ecology -- California -- History.
Pest introduction -- Australia -- History.
Pest introduction -- California -- History.
Plant introduction -- Australia -- History.
Plant introduction -- California -- History.
Australia -- Relations -- History.
California -- Relations -- History.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0520920856 (electronic bk.)
058522031X (electronic bk.)
9780520920859 (electronic bk.)
9780585220314 (electronic bk.)
(alk. paper)