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E-book

Title Frontiers in orthopedic biomechanics / Cheng-Kung Cheng, Savio L-Y. Woo, editors
Published Singapore : Springer, 2020

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Description 1 online resource
Contents Intro -- Foreword -- Contents -- Introduction -- Chapter 1: Biomechanics of Bone and Cartilage -- 1 Background -- 2 Bone Structure, Physiology, and Basic Biomechanics -- 3 Mechanical Properties and Characterization of Biological Tissues -- 3.1 Stress -- 3.2 Strain -- 3.3 Elastic Modulus -- 4 Musculoskeletal Tissue Response to Dynamic Mechanical Signals -- 5 Functional Disuse-Induced Bone Loss and Muscle Atrophy -- 6 Frequency-Dependent Marrow Pressure and Bone Strain Generated by Muscle Stimulation -- 7 Dynamic Muscle Stimulation Induced Attenuation of Bone Loss
8 Cellular and Molecular Pathways of Bone in Response to Mechanical Loading -- 8.1 Basic Multicellular Units (BMU) -- 9 Mechanical Signal Induced Marrow Stem Cell Elevation and Adipose Cell Suppression -- 10 Osteocyte and Its Response to Mechanical Signals Coupled with Wnt Signaling -- 10.1 The Role of LRP5 in Bone Responding to Mechanical Loading -- 10.2 MicroRNA and Its Role in Mechanotransduction in Tissue -- 10.3 Mechanotransductive Implication in Bone Tissue Engineering -- 11 Biomechanics of Articular Cartilage -- 11.1 The Composition of Articular Cartilage
11.2 The Effect of Mechanical Load on the Metabolism of Articular Cartilage -- 11.3 The Degeneration of Articular Cartilage Caused by Joint Overuse/Disuse -- 12 Discussion -- References -- Chapter 2: Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscle and Tendon -- 1 Skeletal Muscle -- 1.1 Structure and Composition -- 1.1.1 Muscle Fiber -- 1.1.2 Mononuclear Cells -- 1.1.3 Extracellular Matrix (ECM) -- 1.2 Passive Muscles -- 1.2.1 Elastic Behavior -- 1.2.2 Viscoelastic Behavior -- 1.3 Active Muscles -- 1.3.1 Muscle Force Production -- 1.3.2 Muscle Size and Force Production
1.3.3 Force Production and Muscle's Moment Arm -- 1.3.4 Force Production and Level of Recruitment of Motor Units -- 1.3.5 Force Production and Fiber Type -- 2 Tendon -- 2.1 Structure and Composition -- 2.1.1 Cell Population within Tendon -- 2.1.2 Extracellular Matrix -- 2.2 Basic Mechanics -- 2.2.1 Elastic Behavior -- 2.2.2 Viscoelastic Behavior -- 2.3 Mechano-responses of Tendon -- 2.3.1 Physiological Mechano-responses -- 2.3.2 Pathological Mechano-responses -- 2.3.3 Mechanotransduction -- References -- Chapter 3: Biomechanics of Ligaments -- 1 Ligament Composition, Structure, and Function
1.1 Composition -- 1.2 Structure -- 1.3 Function -- 2 Biomechanical Properties of Ligaments -- 2.1 Tensile Properties -- 2.2 Viscoelastic Properties -- 3 Ligament Injury, Treatment, and Rehabilitation -- 3.1 Injury -- 3.2 Treatment -- 3.3 ACL Reconstruction Animal Model -- 3.4 Rehabilitation -- 4 Summary -- References -- Chapter 4: Hand and Wrist Biomechanics -- 1 Skeletal and Ligamentous Anatomy -- 2 Biomechanics -- 2.1 Wrist Motion -- 2.2 Muscular Biomechanics -- 2.3 Carpometacarpal Joints -- 2.4 CMC Joint of the Thumb -- 2.5 Metacarpophalangeal Joints
Summary This book provides state-of-the-art and up-to-date discussions on the pathology-related considerations and implications in the field of orthopaedic biomechanics. It presents fundamental engineering and mechanical theories concerning the biomechanics of orthopaedic and anatomical structures, and explores the biological and mechanical features that influence or modify the biomechanics of these structures. It also addresses clinically relevant biomechanical issues with a focus on diagnosis, injury, prevention and treatment. The first 12 chapters of the book provide a detailed review of the principles of orthopaedic biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, including cartilage, bone, muscles and tendon, ligament, and multiple joints. Each chapter also covers important biomechanical concepts relevant to surgical and clinical practice. The remaining chapters examines clinically relevant trauma and injury challenges in the field, including diagnostic techniques such as movement analysis and rehabilitation intervention. Lastly it describes advanced considerations and approaches for fracture fixation, implant design, and biomaterials
Subject Bones -- Mechanical properties.
Muscles -- Motility.
Bones -- Mechanical properties.
Muscles -- Motility.
Ortopèdia.
Biomecànica.
Genre/Form Llibres electrònics.
Form Electronic book
Author Cheng, Cheng-Kung
Woo, Savio L.-Y
ISBN 9789811531590
9811531595
9789811531606
9811531609
9789811531613
9811531617