Limit search to available items
Book Cover
E-book
Author Khandpur, Raghbir Singh, 1942- author.

Title Handbook of biomedical instrumentation / R.S. Khandpur
Edition Third edition
Published New York : McGraw Hill Education, 2014

Copies

Description 1 online resource : illustrations
Series McGraw-Hill professional
McGraw Hill professional.
Contents A. Preface to the third edition -- B. Preface to the first edition -- C. About the author -- A. Part one: measuring, recording and monitoring instruments -- 1. Fundamentals of medical instrumentation -- Role of technology in medicine -- Landmark developments in biomedical instrumentation -- Physiological systems of the body -- Sources of biomedical signals -- Basic medical instrumentation system -- Performance requirements of medical instrumentation systems -- Intelligent medical instrumentation systems -- Consumer and portable medical equipment -- Implantable medical devices -- Micro-electro-mechanical systems (mems) -- Wireless connectivity in medical instruments -- General constraints in design of medical instrumentation systems -- Regulation of medical devices -- Role of engineers in healthcare facilities -- Model questions -- 2. Bioelectric signals and electrodes -- Origin of bioelectric signals -- Recording electrodes -- Silver-silver chloride electrodes -- Electrodes for ecg -- Electrodes for eeg -- Electrodes for emg -- Electrical conductivity of electrode jellies and creams -- Microelectrodes -- Model questions -- 3. Physiological transducers -- What is a transducer? -- Classification of transducers -- Performance characteristics of transducers -- Displacement, position and motion transducers -- Pressure transducers -- Transducers for body temperature measurement -- Photoelectric transducers -- Optical fibre sensors -- Biosensors -- Smart sensors -- Model questions -- 4. Recording system -- Basic recording system -- General considerations for signal conditioners -- Preamplifiers -- Sources of noise in low level measurements -- Biomedical signal analysis and processing techniques -- The main amplifier and driver stage -- Writing systems -- Direct writing recorders -- The inkjet recorder -- Potentiometric recorder -- Digital recorders -- Video printers -- Model questions -- 5. Biomedical recorders -- Electrocardiograph -- Vectorcardiograph (vcg) -- Phonocardiograph (pcg) -- Digital stethoscope -- Electroencephalograph (eeg) -- Electromyograph -- Other biomedical recorders -- Biofeedback instrumentation -- Model questions -- 6. Patient monitoring systems -- System concepts -- Cardiac monitor -- Bedside patient monitoring systems -- Central monitors -- Measurement of heart rate -- Measusrement of pulse rate -- Blood pressure measurement -- Measurement of temperature -- Measurement of respiration rate -- Catheterization laboratory instrumentation -- Model questions -- 7. Arrhythmia and ambulatory monitoring instruments -- Cardiac arrhythmias -- Arrhythmia monitor -- Qrs detection techniques -- Data compression techniques -- Exercise stress testing -- Ambulatory monitoring instruments -- Model questions -- 8. Foetal monitoring instruments -- Cardiotocograph -- Methods of monitoring foetal heart rate -- Monitoring labour activity -- Recording system -- Model questions
9. Oximeters -- Oximeters -- Ear oximeter -- Pulse oximeter -- Skin reflectance oximeters -- Intravascular oximeter -- Model questions -- 10. Blood flow and cardiac output measurement -- Blood flow measurement -- Cardiac output measurement -- Model questions -- 11. Biomedical telemetry -- Biotelemetry -- Single channel telemetry systems -- Multi-channel wireless telemetry systems -- Multi-patient telemetry -- Implantable telemetry systems -- Biotelemetry application on wimax networks -- Transmission of analog physiological signals over telephone -- Model questions -- 12. Telemedicine technology -- What is telemedicine? -- Essential parameters for telemedicine -- Delivery modes in telemedicine -- Telemedicine system -- Clinical data interchange/exchange standards -- Transmission of still images -- Transmission of video images -- Transmission of digital audio -- Cyber medicine -- Applications of telemedicine -- Pacs (picture archiving and communication system) -- Telemedicine: today and tomorrow -- Model questions -- 13. Pulmonary function analysers -- Pulmonary function measurements -- Spirometry -- Pneumotachmeters -- Measurement of volume -- Pulmonary function analysers -- Respiratory gas analysers -- Model questions -- 14. Clinical laboratory instruments -- Medical diagnosis with chemical tests -- Spectrophotometry -- Spectrophotometer type instruments -- Colorimeters -- Spectrophotometers -- Clinical flame photometers -- Selective-ion electrodes based electrolytes analyser -- Automated biochemical analysis systems -- Model questions -- 15. Blood gas analysers -- Acid-base balance -- Blood ph measurement -- Measurement of blood pco2 -- Blood po2 measurement -- Intra-arterial blood gas monitoring -- A complete blood gas analyser -- Model questions -- 16. Blood cell counters -- Types of blood cells -- Methods of cell counting -- Coulter counters -- Portable coulter counters -- Automatic recognition and differential counting of cells -- Flow cytometry -- Model questions -- 17. Audiometers and hearing aids -- Mechanism of hearing -- Measurement of sound -- Basic audiometer -- Pure-tone audiometer -- Speech audiometer -- Audiometer system bekesy -- Evoked response audiometry system -- Calibration of audiometers -- Hearing aids -- Model questions -- 18. Patient safety -- Electric shock hazards -- Leakage currents -- Safety codes for electromedical equipment -- Electrical safety analyser -- Testing of biomedical equipment -- Model questions -- B. Part two: modern imaging systems -- 19. X-ray machines and digital radiography -- Basis of diagnostic radiology -- Nature of x-rays -- Production of x-rays -- X-ray machine -- Visualization of x-rays -- Dental x-ray machines -- Portable and mobile x-ray units -- Physical parameters for x-ray detectors -- Digital radiography -- Model questions -- 20. X-ray computed tomography -- Computed tomography -- System components -- Gantry geometry -- System electronics -- Patient dose in ct scanners -- Model questions -- 21. Nuclear medical imaging systems -- Radio-isotopes in medical diagnosis -- Physics of radioactivity -- Radiation detectors -- Pulse height analyser -- Uptake monitoring equipment -- The gamma camera -- Whole body gamma cameras -- Emission computed tomography -- Single-photon-emission-computed tomography (spect) -- Positron emission tomography (pet) scanner -- Model questions -- 22. Magnetic resonance imaging system -- Principle of nmr imaging system -- Image reconstruction techniques -- Basic nmr components -- Biological effect of nmr imaging -- Advantages of nmr imaging system -- Model questions
23. Ultrasonic imaging systems -- Diagnostic ultrasound -- Physics of ultrasonic waves -- Medical ultrasound -- Basic pulse-echo apparatus -- Imaging modes -- Real-time ultrasonic imaging systems -- Mechanical sector scanner -- Multi-element linear array scanners -- Duplex scanner -- Modern ultrasound imaging systems -- Area array systems -- Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging systems -- Intravascular imaging -- Tissue harmonic imaging -- Portable ultrasound systems -- Biological effects of ultrasound -- Model questions -- 24. Thermal imaging systems -- Medical thermography -- Physics of thermography -- Infrared detectors -- Thermographic equipment -- Quantitative medical thermography -- Pyroelectric vidicon based thermographic camera -- Thermal camera-based on ir array sensor -- Model questions -- C. Part three: therapeutic equipment -- 25. Cardiac pacemakers -- Need for cardiac pacemaker -- External pacemakers -- Implantable pacemakers -- Recent developments in implantable pacemakers -- Pacing system analyser -- Model questions -- 26. Cardiac defibrillators -- Need for a defibrillator -- Dc defibrillator -- Implantable defibrillators -- Types of implantable defibrillators -- Pacer-cardioverter-defibrillator -- Defibrillator analysers -- Left ventricular assist device (lvad) -- Model questions -- 27. Instruments for surgery -- Principle of surgical diathermy -- Surgical diathermy machine -- Safety aspects in electrosurgical units -- Surgical diathermy analysers -- Model questions -- 28. Laser applications in biomedical field -- The laser -- Types of lasers -- Laser safety -- Model questions -- 29. Physiotherapy and electrotherapy equipment -- High frequency heat therapy -- Short-wave diathermy machine -- Microwave diathermy -- Ultrasonic therapy unit -- Electrodiagnostic/therapeutic apparatus -- Pain relief through electrical stimulation -- Diaphragm pacing by radio-frequency for the treatment of chronic ventilatory insufficiency -- Bladder stimulators -- Deep brain stimulation (dbs) -- Model questions -- 30. Haemodialysis machines -- Function of the kidneys -- Artificial kidney -- Dialyzers -- Membranes for haemodialysis -- Haemodialysis machine -- Home (portable) kidney machines -- Model questions -- 31. Lithotriptors -- The stone disease problem -- The shock wave -- The first lithotriptor machine -- Modern lithotriptor systems -- Laser lithotripsy -- Model questions -- 32. Anaesthesia machine -- Need for anaesthesia -- Anaesthesia machine -- Capnography -- Model questions -- 33. Ventilators -- Mechanics of respiration -- Artificial ventilation -- Ventilators -- Types of ventilators -- Ventilator terms -- Classification of ventilators -- Pressure-volume-flow diagrams -- Modern ventilators -- High frequency ventilators -- Humidifiers, nebulizers and aspirators -- Model questions -- 34. Radiotherapy equipment -- Use of high voltage x-ray machines -- Development of betatron -- Cobalt-60 machine -- Gamma knife -- Medical linear accelerator machine -- Cyberknife -- Model questions -- 35. Automated drug delivery systems -- Infusion pumps -- Components of drug infusion systems -- Implantable infusion system -- Closed-loop control in infusion systems -- Examples of typical infusion pumps -- Insulin pumps -- Model questions -- D. References
Summary This 3rd Edition has been thoroughly revised and updated taking into account technological innovations and introduction of new and improved methods of medical diagnosis and treatment. Capturing recent developments and discussing new topics, the 3rd Edition includes a separate chapter on 'Telemedicine Technology', which shows how information and communication technologies have made significant contribution in better diagnosis and treatment of patients and management of health facilities. Alongside, there is coverage of new implantable devices as increasingly such devices are being preferred for treatment, particularly in neurological stimulation for pain management, epilepsy, bladder control, etc. The 3rd Edition also appropriately addresses 'Point of Care' equipment: as some technologies become easier to use and less expensive and equipment becomes more transportable, even complex technologies can diffuse out of hospitals and institutional settings into outpatient facilities and patient's homes. With expanded coverage, this exhaustive and comprehensive handbook would be useful forbiomedical physicists and engineers, students, doctors, physiotherapists, and manufacturers ofmedical instruments. Salient features:All chapters updated to address the current state of technologySeparate chapter on 'Telemedicine Technology'Coverage of new implantable devicesDiscussion on 'Point of Care' equipmentDistinctive visual impact of graphs and photographs of latest commercial equipmentUpdated list of references includes latest research material in the areaDiscussion on applications of developments in the following fields in biomedical equipment:micro-electronicsmicro-electromechanical systemsadvanced signal processingwireless communicationnew energy sources for portable and implantable devicesCoverage of new topics, including:gamma knifecyber knifemultislice CT scannernew sensorsdigital radiographyPET scannerlaser lithotripterperitoneal dialysis machineDescribing the physiological basis and engineering principles of electro-medical equipment, Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation also includes information on the principles of operation and the performance parameters of a wide range of instruments. Broadly, this comprehensive handbook covers:recording and monitoring instrumentsmeasurement and analysis techniquesmodern imaging systemstherapeutic equipment
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from web page (viewed January 6, 2014)
Subject Diagnostic imaging.
Medical electronics -- Instruments
Patient monitoring.
Diagnostic Imaging
Monitoring, Physiologic
Diagnostic imaging.
Patient monitoring.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9780074517253
0074517252
933920543X
9789339205430