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Author Shank, John Bennett, author.

Title Before Voltaire : the French origins of "Newtonian" mechanics, 1680-1715 / J.B. Shank
Published Chicago : The University of Chicago Press, [2018]


Description 1 online resource (ix, 444 pages) : illustrations
Contents Introduction: translating Newton -- The institutional sources of analytical mechanics: mathematics at the Académie royale des sciences in the late seventeenth century -- Academic mathematics in France before 1699: the initial founding of the Academy and its legacies -- Academic mathematics in France before 1699: the administrative turn at the Académie royale des sciences -- Beyond the continental translation of "Newtonian mechanics": the intellectual roots of analytical mechanics -- The Newtonian sources of analytical mechanics -- The new infinitesimal calculus and the Leibnizian origins of analytical mechanics -- The Malebranchian moment in France and the cultural origins of analytical mechanics -- Making analytical mechanics in the new Académie royale des sciences, 1692-1715 -- The beginnings of analytical mechanics, 1692-98 -- Analytical mechanics within the new public academy: first steps, 1698-1700 -- Analytical mechanics goes public: "la querelle des infiniment petits" -- Managing toward consensus: Bignon, Fontenelle, and the creation of the pax -- Analytica in France -- Coda: Newton and mathematical physics in France in the twilight of the Sun King
Summary We have grown accustomed to the idea that scientific theories are embedded in their place and time. But in the case of the development of mathematical physics in eighteenth-century France, the relationship was extremely close. In Before Voltaire, J.B. Shank shows that although the publication of Isaac Newton's Principia in 1687 exerted strong influence, the development of calculus-based physics is better understood as an outcome that grew from French culture in general. Before Voltaire explores how Newton's ideas made their way not just through the realm of French science, but into the larger world of society and culture of which Principia was an intertwined part. Shank also details a history of the beginnings of calculus-based mathematical physics that integrates it into the larger intellectual currents in France at the time, including the Battle of the Ancients and the Moderns, the emergence of wider audiences for science, and the role of the newly reorganized Royal Academy of Sciences. The resulting book offers an unprecedented cultural history of one the most important and influential elements of Enlightenment science
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 373-430) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Newton, Isaac, 1642-1727 -- Influence
Newton, Isaac, 1642-1727. Principia.
Newton, Isaac, 1642-1727
Académie royale des sciences (France)
Académie royale des sciences (France)
SUBJECT Principia (Newton, Isaac) fast
Subject Mechanics -- France -- History -- 17th century
Mechanics -- France -- History -- 18th century
Mechanics, Analytic -- History -- 17th century
Mechanics, Analytic -- History -- 18th century
SCIENCE -- Mechanics -- General.
SCIENCE -- Mechanics -- Solids.
Influence (Literary, artistic, etc.)
Mechanics, Analytic
Genre/Form History
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9780226509327