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Book Cover
E-book
Author Bell, Arthur A., author.

Title HVAC equations, data, and rules of thumb / Arthur A. Bell, Jr., W. Larsen Angel
Edition Third edition
Published New York : McGraw-Hill Education, [2016]
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (xix, 636 pages) : illustrations
Contents 12.01 Offices and Commercial Spaces -- 12.02 Computer Rooms, Data Centers, and Internet Host Sites -- 12.03 Telecommunication Rooms -- 12.04 Electrical Equipment Heat Gain -- 12.05 Motor Heat Gain -- 12.06 Miscellaneous Guidelines -- Part 13. Cooling Load Factors -- 13.01 Diversity Factors -- 13.02 Safety Factors -- 13.03 Cooling Load Factors -- Part 14. Heating Load Factors -- 14.01 Safety Factors -- 14.02 Heating Load Credits -- 14.03 Heating System Selection Guidelines -- Part 15. Design Conditions and Energy Conservation -- 15.01 Design Conditions -- 15.02 General Energy Conservation Requirements -- 15.03 2015 IECC -- 15.04 ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2013 -- 15.05 ASHRAE Standard 90.2-2007 -- Part 16 HVAC System Selection Criteria -- 16.01 HVAC System Selection Criteria -- 16.02 Heating System Selection Guidelines -- Part 17. Air Distribution Systems -- 17.01 Ductwork Systems -- 17.02 Duct Construction -- 17.03 Kitchen Exhaust Ducts and Hoods -- 17.04 Louvers -- 17.05 Volume Dampers (Manual or Balancing Dampers)/Motor Operated Dampers (Control Dampers) -- 17.06 Fire Dampers, Smoke Dampers, and Combination Fire/Smoke Dampers -- 17.07 HVAC Smoke Detection Systems Control -- 17.08 Sound Attenuators -- 17.09 Terminal Units -- 17.10 Process Exhaust Systems -- 17.11 Hazardous Exhaust Systems -- 17.12 Galvanized Rectangular Ductwork Weights--Pound per Lineal Foot -- 17.13 Galvanized Round Ductwork Weights--Pound per Lineal Foot -- 17.14 Galvanized Flat Oval Ductwork Weights--Pounds per Lineal Foot -- 17.15 Ductwork Cost Ratios -- 17.16 Friction Loss Correction Factors for Ducts -- 17.17 Velocity Pressures -- Part 18. Piping Systems, General -- 18.01 Piping Materials and Properties -- 18.02 Pipe Support and Pipe Spacing -- 18.03 Pipe Expansion -- 18.04 ASME B31 Piping Code Comparison -- 18.05 Galvanic Action -- 18.06 Piping System Installation Hierarchy (Easiest to Hardest to Install) -- 18.07 Valves -- 18.08 Strainers -- Part 19. Hydronic (Water) Piping Systems -- 19.01 Hydronic Pipe Sizing -- 19.02 Friction Loss Estimate
19.03 Pipe Testing -- 19.04 Hydronic System Pipe Sizing Tables -- 19.05 Hydronic System Designs and Terminology -- 19.06 Hydronic System Design and Piping Installation Guidelines -- 19.07 Chilled Water Systems -- 19.08 Low-Temperature Chilled Water Systems (Glycol or Ice Water Systems) -- 19.09 Heating Water Systems General -- 19.10 Low-Temperature Heating Water Systems -- 19.11 Medium- and High-Temperature Heating Water Systems -- 19.12 Boiler Warming Techniques -- 19.13 Dual Temperature Water Systems -- 19.14 Condenser Water Systems -- 19.15 Water Source Heat Pump Loop -- 19.16 Hydronic System Equation Factors -- 19.17 Hydronic System Design Temperatures and Pressures -- 19.18 Piping Materials -- 19.19 Expansion Tanks and Air Separators -- Part 20. Glycol Piping Systems -- 20.01 Glycol System Piping -- 20.02 Glycol System Design Considerations -- 20.03 Glycol System Equation Factors and Derivations -- Part 21. Steam Piping Systems -- 21.01 Steam Piping Systems -- 21.02 Steam System Design Criteria -- 21.03 Steam Tables -- 21.04 Steam Flow through Orifices -- 21.05 Flash Steam -- 21.06 Warm-up Loads -- 21.07 Steam Operating Loads -- 21.08 Boiling Points of Water -- 21.09 Steam Heating Units of Measure -- 21.10 Low-Pressure Steam Pipe Sizing Tables (15 psig and Less) -- 21.11 Medium-Pressure Steam Pipe Sizing Tables (20-100 psig) -- Part 22. Steam Condensate Piping Systems -- 22.01 Steam Condensate Piping -- 22.02 Steam Condensate System Design Criteria -- 22.03 Low-Pressure Steam Condensate System Pipe Sizing Tables (15 psig and Less) -- 22.04 Medium-Pressure Steam Condensate System Pipe Sizing Tables (20-100 psig) -- Part 23. AC Condensate Piping -- 23.01 Air Conditioning (AC) Condensate Piping -- Part 24. Refrigerant Piping Systems -- 24.01 Refrigerant Systems and Piping -- Part 25. Air Handling Units -- 25.01 Air Handling Units, Air Conditioning Units, Heat Pumps -- 25.02 Coils -- Part 26. Fans -- 26.01 Fan Types and Size Ranges -- 26.02 Fan Construction Classes -- 26.03 Fan Selection Criteria -- 26.04 Fan Terms -- 26.05 AMCA Spark Resistant Construction -- 26.06 Centrifugal Fans -- 26.07 Axial Fans -- 26.08 Installation and Clearance Requirements -- 26.09 Fan Rotation and Discharge Positions -- 26.10 Fan Motor Positions -- Part 27. Pumps -- 27.01 Pump Types and Size Ranges -- 27.02 Pump Layout and Design Criteria -- 27.03 Pump Selection Criteria -- 27.04 Pump Terms -- 27.05 Installation and Clearance Requirements -- Part 28. Chillers -- 28.01 Chiller Types and Manufacturer Offerings -- 28.02 Chiller Motor Types -- 28.03 Code Required Chiller Efficiencies
28.04 Chiller Terms -- 28.05 Basic Refrigeration Cycle Terminology -- 28.06 Chiller Energy Saving Techniques -- 28.07 Cooler (Evaporator)/Chilled-Water System -- 28.08 Condenser/Condenser Water Systems -- 28.09 Chilled Water Storage Systems -- 28.10 Ice Storage Systems -- 28.11 Water-Cooled Condensers -- 28.12 Refrigerant Estimate--Split Systems -- 28.14 Chemical Feed Systems for Chillers. Chemical Feed Systems are Designed to Control the Following -- 28.15 Chiller Operating Sequence -- 28.16 Chiller Design, Layout, and Clearance Requirements/Considerations -- Part 29. Cooling Towers and Condensers -- 29.01 Cooling Tower Types (CTs) -- 29.02 Definitions -- 29.03 Condenser Water -- 29.04 Power -- 29.05 TONS[sub(COND)] -- 29.06 Condenser Water Makeup to Cooling Tower -- 29.07 Cooling Tower Drains -- 29.08 Cycles of Concentration -- 29.09 Evaporation -- 29.10 Drift -- 29.11 Blowdown or Bleed (Based on 108F Range) -- 29.12 Installation Location -- 29.13 Air-Cooled Condensers and Condensing Units (ACCs and ACCUs) -- 29.14 Evaporative Condensers and Condensing Units (ECs and ECUs) -- 29.15 Installation of CTs, ACCs, ACCUs, ECs, and ECUs -- Part 30. Heat Exchangers -- 30.01 Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers -- 30.02 Plate and Frame Heat Exchangers -- 30.03 Definitions -- 30.04 Clearance and Design Requirements -- Part 31. Boilers -- 31.01 Boilers, General -- 31.02 Hot Water Boilers -- 31.03 Steam Boilers -- 31.04 Fuel Systems and Types -- Part 32. Motors and Motor Controllers -- 32.01 Motors -- 32.02 Starters, Disconnect Switches, and Motor Control Centers -- 32.03 Variable Frequency Drives -- 32.04 NEMA Enclosures -- Part 33. Humidifiers -- 33.01 Humidifiers -- Part 34. Filters -- 34.01 Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value (MERV) -- 34.02 Flat or Panel Filters -- 34.03 Pleated Media Filters -- 34.04 Bag Filters -- 34.05 HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air) Filters -- 34.06 ULPA (Ultra Low Penetrating Air) Filters -- 34.07 Roll Filters -- 34.08 Carbon Filters -- 34.09 Electronic Air Cleaners -- 34.10 Filter Characteristics -- Part 35. Insulation -- 35.01 Insulation Materials and Properties -- 35.02 Pipe Insulation -- 35.03 Duct Insulation -- 35.04 Insulation Protection
4.01 Length -- 4.02 Weight -- 4.03 Area -- 4.04 Volume -- 4.05 Velocity -- 4.06 Speed of Sound in Air -- 4.07 Pressure -- 4.08 Density -- 4.09 Energy -- 4.10 Flow -- 4.11 HVAC Metric Conversions -- 4.12 Fuel Conversion Factors -- Part 5. Cooling Load Rules of Thumb -- 5.01 Offices, Commercial -- 5.02 Banks, Court Houses, Municipal Buildings, Town Halls -- 5.03 Police Stations, Fire Stations, Post Offices -- 5.04 Precision Manufacturing -- 5.05 Computer Rooms -- 5.06 Restaurants -- 5.07 Kitchens (Depends Primarily on Kitchen Equipment) -- 5.08 Cocktail Lounges, Bars, Taverns, Clubhouses, Nightclubs -- 5.09 Hospital Patient Rooms, Nursing Home Patient Rooms -- 5.10 Buildings w/100 percent OA Systems (e.g., Laboratories, Hospitals) -- 5.11 Medical/Dental Centers, Clinics, and Offices -- 5.12 Residential -- 5.13 Apartments (Eff., One-Room, Two-Room) -- 5.14 Motel and Hotel Public Spaces -- 5.15 Motel and Hotel Guest Rooms, Dormitories -- 5.16 School Classrooms -- 5.17 Dining Halls, Lunch Rooms, Cafeterias, Luncheonettes -- 5.18 Libraries, Museums -- 5.19 Retail, Department Stores -- 5.20 Drug, Shoe, Dress, Jewelry, Beauty, Barber, and Other Shops -- 5.21 Supermarkets -- 5.22 Malls, Shopping Centers -- 5.23 Jails -- 5.24 Auditoriums, Theaters -- 5.25 Churches -- 5.26 Bowling Alleys -- 5.27 All Spaces -- 5.28 Cooling Load Calculation Procedure -- 5.29 Cooling Load Peak Time Estimate (for Calculating Cooling Loads by Hand) -- Part 6. Heating Load Rules of Thumb -- 6.01 All Buildings and Spaces -- 6.02 Buildings w/100 Percent OA Systems (i.e., Laboratories, Hospitals) -- 6.03 Buildings w/Ample Insulation, Few Windows -- 6.04 Buildings w/Limited Insulation, Many Windows
51.08 Process Exhaust Systems -- 51.09 Refrigeration -- 51.10 Controls -- 51.11 Sanitary and Storm Water Systems -- 51.12 Domestic Water Systems -- 51.13 Fire Protection -- 51.14 Natural Gas Systems -- 51.15 Fuel Oil Systems -- 51.16 Laboratory and Medical Gas Systems -- 51.17 General -- 51.18 Architect and/or Owner Coordination -- 51.19 Structural Engineer Coordination -- 51.20 Electrical Engineer Coordination -- Part 52. Professional Societies and Trade Organizations -- 52.01 Professional Societies and Trade Organizations -- Part 53. References and Design Manuals -- 53.01 References and Design Manuals -- 53.02 Building Codes -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Z
6.05 Walls Below Grade (Heat Loss at Outside Air Design Condition) -- 6.06 Floors Below Grade (Heat Loss at Outside Air Design Condition) -- 6.07 Heating System Selection Guidelines -- 6.08 Heating Load Calculation Procedure -- Part 7. Infiltration Rules of Thumb -- 7.01 General -- 7.02 Heating Infiltration (15-mph wind) -- 7.03 Cooling Infiltration (7.5-mph wind) -- Part 8. Ventilation Rules of Thumb -- 8.01 2015 IMC and ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2013 -- 8.02 ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2013: Return Air, Transfer Air, or Exhaust Air Classifications -- 8.03 ASHRAE Standard 62.2-2013 -- 8.04 ASHRAE Standard 170-2013 Ventilation of Health Care Facilities (incorporated as Part 4 of the 2014 Facility Guidelines Institute Guidelines for Design and Construction of Hospitals and Outpatient Facilities) -- 8.05 Enclosed Parking Garages -- 8.06 Outside Air Intake and Exhaust Locations -- 8.07 Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) -- 8.08 Effects of Carbon Monoxide -- 8.09 Toilet Rooms -- 8.10 Electrical Rooms -- 8.11 Mechanical Rooms -- 8.12 Combustion Air -- 8.13 Hazardous Locations -- Part 9. Humidification Rules of Thumb -- 9.01 Window Types and Space Humidity Values -- 9.02 Proper Vapor Barriers -- 9.03 Human Comfort -- 9.04 Electrical Equipment, Computers -- 9.05 Winter Design Relative Humidities -- 9.06 Optimum Relative Humidity Ranges for Health -- 9.07 Moisture Condensation on Glass -- Part 10. People/Occupancy Rules of Thumb -- 10.1 2015 IMC and ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2013 -- Part 11. Lighting Rules of Thumb -- 11.01 Code Lighting Power Level Requirements--Building Area Method -- 11.02 Code Lighting Power Level Requirements--Space-by-Space Method -- Part 12. Appliance/Equipment Rules of Thumb
Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Part 1. Introduction -- 1.01 Background -- 1.02 Rules of Thumb -- 1.03 Codes and Standards -- Part 2. Definitions -- 2.01 General -- 2.02 Systems -- 2.03 Contract Documents -- 2.04 Contractors/Manufacturers/Authorities -- Part 3. Equations -- 3.01 Airside System Equations and Derivations -- 3.02 Waterside System Equations and Derivations -- 3.03 Air Change Rate Equations -- 3.04 English/Metric Airside System Equations Comparison -- 3.05 English/Metric Waterside System Equation Comparison -- 3.06 English/Metric Air Change Rate Equation Comparison -- 3.07 English/Metric Temperature and Other Conversions -- 3.08 Steam and Condensate Equations -- 3.09 Building Envelope Heating Equation and R-Values/U-Values -- 3.10 Fan Laws -- 3.11 Pump Laws -- 3.12 Pump Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) Calculations -- 3.13 Mixed Air Temperature -- 3.14 Psychrometric Equations -- 3.15 Ductwork Equations -- 3.16 Equations for Flat Oval Ductwork -- 3.17 Steel Pipe Equations -- 3.18 Steam and Steam Condensate Pipe Sizing Equations -- 3.19 Air Conditioning Condensate -- 3.20 Humidification -- 3.21 Humidifier Sensible Heat Gain -- 3.22 Expansion Tanks -- 3.23 Air Balance Equations -- 3.24 Efficiencies -- 3.25 Cooling Towers and Heat Exchangers -- 3.26 Cooling Tower/Evaporative Cooler Blowdown Equations -- 3.27 Electricity -- 3.28 Moisture Condensation on Glass -- 3.29 Calculating Heating Loads for Loading Docks, Heavily Used Vestibules and Similar Spaces -- 3.30 Ventilation of Mechanical Rooms with Refrigeration Equipment -- 3.31 Pipe Expansion Equations -- 3.32 Relief Valve Vent Line Maximum Length -- 3.33 Relief Valve Sizing -- 3.34 Motor Drive Formulas -- 3.35 Domestic Water Heater Sizing -- 3.36 Domestic Hot Water Recirculation Pump/Supply Sizing -- 3.37 Swimming Pools -- Part 4. Conversion Factors
Part 36. Fire-Stopping and Through-Penetration Systems -- 36.01 Fire-Stopping and Through-Penetration Protection Systems -- Part 37. Makeup Water -- 37.01 Makeup Water Requirements -- Part 38. Water Treatment and Chemical Feed Systems -- 38.01 Water Treatment and Chemical Feed Systems -- 38.02 Closed System Chemical Treatment (Chilled-Water Systems, Heating Water Systems) -- 38.03 Open System Chemical Treatment (Condenser Water Systems) -- 38.04 Steam Systems -- Part 39. Automatic Controls Building Automation Systems -- 39.01 Automatic Controls and Building Automation Systems -- 39.02 Control Definitions -- 39.03 Types of Control Systems -- 39.04 Control System Objectives -- 39.05 Building Automation and Control Networks (BACnet) -- 39.06 Control Points List -- 39.07 DDC Control System Specification Outline -- Part 40. Sustainability Guidelines Relating to HVAC Systems -- 40.01 Introduction -- 40.02 Sustainable HVAC System Design -- Part 41. New Technologies for HVAC Systems -- 41.01 Variable Refrigerant Flow Systems -- 41.02 Variable Frequency Drives for Chillers -- 41.03 Magnetic Bearings for Centrifugal Compressors -- 41.04 Electronically-Commutated Motors (ECMs) for Fans and Pumps -- 41.05 New Technologies for Small Packaged Rooftop Units -- Part 42. Plastic Piping Systems -- 42.01 Cross-Linked Polyethylene (PEX or XLPE) -- 42.02 Polypropylene (PP) -- 42.03 Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) -- 42.04 Chlorinated Polyvinylchloride (CPVC) -- 42.05 High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) -- Part 43. Noise and Vibration Control -- 43.01 Noise Control -- 43.02 Vibration Control -- 43.03 Sound Information -- Part 44. Building Construction Business Fundamentals -- 44.01 Engineering/Construction Contracts -- 44.02 Building Construction Business Players -- Part 45. Architectural, Structural, and Electrical Information -- 45.01 Ceiling Plenum Space Requirements -- 45.02 Building Structural Systems -- 45.03 Architectural and Structural Information -- 45.04 Electrical Information -- 45.05 Mechanical/Electrical Equipment Space Requirements -- 45.06 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) -- Part 46. Properties of Air -- 46.01 Thermodynamic Properties of Air/Water Vapor Mixtures -- Part 47. Properties of Water -- 47.01 Properties of Water--Effects on Standard HVAC Water Equations -- Part 48. Cleanroom Criteria -- 48.01 Airborne Contaminants -- 48.02 Cleanroom Class Designations: FED-STD-209E -- 48.03 Cleanroom Class Designations: ISO Standard 14644-1 -- 48.04 Cleanroom Design Criteria -- Part 49. Wind Chill and Heat Index -- 49.01 Wind Chill Index -- 49.02 Heat Index -- Part 50. General Notes -- 50.01 General -- 50.02 Piping -- 50.03 Plumbing -- 50.04 HVAC/Sheet Metal -- 50.05 Fire Protection -- Part 51. Designer's Checklist -- 51.01 Boilers, Chillers, Cooling Towers, Heat Exchangers, and Other Central Plant Equipment -- 51.02 Air Handling Equipment--Makeup, Recirculation, and General Air Handling Equipment -- 51.03 Piping Systems--General -- 51.04 Steam and Condensate Piping -- 51.05 Low Temperature Hot Water and Dual Temperature Systems -- 51.06 Chilled Water and Condenser Water Systems -- 51.07 Air Systems
Summary "This fully revised, industry-standard handbook presents a wealth of HVAC design information encompassing all types of facilities--from offices and hospitals to commercial spaces and computer rooms. Written in an outline format for ease of use, this practical reference offers hundreds of field-tested equations and rules of thumb and features all-new coverage of the latest building components and materials. HVAC Equations, Data, and Rules of Thumb, Third Edition, reflects all the latest changes to the codes and standards used in the industry--including ASHRAE, ICC, NEC, and NFPA--and clearly shows how to interpret and put them to use"--Page 4 of cover
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 618-626) and index
Notes In English
Print version record
Subject Air conditioning -- Mathematics -- Handbooks, manuals, etc
Engineering mathematics -- Formulae -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Heating -- Mathematics -- Handbooks, manuals, etc
Ventilation -- Mathematics -- Handbooks, manuals, etc
Air conditioning -- Mathematics.
Engineering mathematics.
Heating -- Mathematics.
Ventilation -- Mathematics.
Genre/Form Handbooks and manuals.
Handbooks and manuals.
Form Electronic book
Author Angel, W. Larsen, author.
ISBN 0071829601
9780071829601