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E-book

Title Full stride : advancing the state of the art in lower extremity gait systems / Victoria Tepe, Charles M. Peterson, editors
Published New York, NY : Springer, 2017

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Description 1 online resource (xviii, 244 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Contents Foreword; Preface; Contents; Contributors; Part I: Past and Present; 1: The History and Future of LEGS; Introduction; Sockets and Sensors; Power and Control; Volitional Control; Brain-Based Control; Muscle-Based Control; Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering; Other Requirements; Conclusion; References; 2: Lower Limb Disability: Present Military and Civilian Needs; Introduction; Lower Extremity Injury Related to Military Operations; Lower Extremity Dysfunction and Injury in Civilian and Military Populations; Paresis and Paralysis Causing Lower Limb Dysfunction; Rehabilitation
Wheelchairs Orthotics and Prosthetics; Future Directions; References; 3: Sacrifice, Science, and Support: A History of Modern Prosthetics; Socket Design, Suspension, and Operability; Prosthetic Knees; Prosthetic Feet; Alignment; Rehabilitation; References; 4: Overview of the Components Used in Active and Passive Lower-Limb Prosthetic Devices; Introduction; The Socket Interface; Below-Knee Socket Systems; Above-Knee Socket Systems; Socket Augmentation Componentry and Advanced Socket Solutions; Passive Components in Foot-Ankle Systems; The SACH Foot and Single-Axis Foot
Energy Return Foot-Ankle Systems Hydraulic Foot-Ankle Systems; Microprocessor Foot-Ankle Systems; Passive Components in Knee Systems; Single-Axis Knee Systems; Polycentric Knee Systems; Microprocessor Knee Systems; Active Components in Lower-Limb Prosthetic Devices; Active Ankle Systems; Active Above-Knee Systems; References; 5: Wearable Robotic Approaches to Lower Extremity Gait Systems; Introduction; Wearable Robotics Revolution: A Long-Awaited Step in Robotics; Wearable Robotics: An Engineering Perspective; Key Elements of Wearable Robots; Human-Robot Interface; Structure
Sensing Actuation; Control; Energy Storage; Safety System; Biomechanical Modeling and Simulation; Classifications of Wearable Robots; Use Case: A Lower Extremity Exoskeleton for Mobility Assistance; Use Case: NASA X1 as a Multipurpose Lower Extremity Exoskeleton; Wearable Robotics: A Clinical Perspective; Clinical Role of Wearable Robotics: Past and Present; Ongoing Challenges in Clinical Applications; Pilot Studies; Exoskeleton-Assisted Walking; Exoskeleton-Assisted Gait Training; Users' Feedback about Exoskeletons; Potential Continuum of Devices for Recovery
Additional Application Domains Conclusion; References; 6: Orthotic Device Research; Introduction; Traditional Standards of Practice; Orthosis Prescription Research; Characteristics of Fit; Characteristics of Function; Devices in Development with Customizable Function; Orthoses Fabrication; Orthosis Delivery Frameworks; Summary and Conclusions; References; 7: Synthetic and Biological Multifunctional Smart Materials Applications to Lower Extremity Gait Systems; Introduction; Chemomechanical Polymers; Contractile Polyacrylonitrile Artificial Muscles
Summary This ground-breaking title begins with an introductory overview of the Lower Extremity Gait Systems (LEGS) project, identifying concerns and observations as context for the reader to consider topics and challenges detailed in later chapters. Next are chapters that explore relevant military and civilian needs, and an essential historical context of the capabilities and limitations of contemporary prosthetics. The section concludes with an overview of essential components used in passive and active lower limb prosthetics, including sockets, foot, ankle, and knee systems, as well as emerging bionic systems. A second section considers research and development in orthotics, synthetic and biological materials, volitional control, and wearable robotics (also known as exoskeletons). Finally, expert authors explore advanced science and emerging medical perspectives in research related to limb salvage, osseointegration, limb transplantation, and tissue engineering. Designed for medical practitioners, engineers, students, and researchers who use or develop prosthetic technology for civilian or military amputees, Full Stride: Advancing the State of the Art in Lower Extremity Gait Systems will be of great interest to trauma specialists, orthopedists, rehabilitation specialists, nursing staff and physical therapists, as well as researchers and scientists who specialize in fields that shape and inform advanced prosthetic device development such as materials sciences, engineering (electrical, mechanical, biomedical), robotics, and human physiology
Notes Includes index
Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed September 28, 2017)
Subject Artificial legs.
Artificial ankle.
Artificial feet.
Gait in humans.
Orthopedic apparatus.
Artificial Limbs
Lower Extremity
Gait
Limb Salvage
Orthotic Devices
Clinical & internal medicine.
Neurology & clinical neurophysiology.
Rehabilitation.
Orthopaedics & fractures.
Accident & emergency medicine.
MEDICAL -- Surgery -- General.
Artificial ankle.
Artificial feet.
Artificial legs.
Form Electronic book
Author Tepe, Victoria, editor.
Peterson, C. M., editor
ISBN 9781493972470
1493972472