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Book Cover
Author De Cillis, Maria.

Title Free Will and Predestination in Islamic Thought : Theoretical Compromises in the Works of Avicenna, al-Ghazali and Ibn 'Arabi
Published Hoboken : Taylor and Francis, 2013
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (594 pages)
Series Culture and Civilization in the Middle East
Culture and civilisation in the Middle East.
Contents Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; Acknowledgements; Introduction; Objectives and methodology of this volume; Historical and cultural context: The status of Kalām, Falsafa and Tasawwūf; A brief sketch of the free will and predestination issue: The Mu'tazilites; Mu'tazilite occasionalism; A brief sketch of the free will and predestination issue: The Ash'arites; Ash'arite occasionalism; Notes; 1. Avicenna: Part one; Avicenna: a biography; Aristotelian and Fārābīan influences; Essence, existence, matter, form and substance: A definitional survey
Angelology, mystical individuation and inner freedomNotes; 3. Al-Ghazālī: Part one; A biography; Mishkāt al-Anwār: General considerations; Section 1: Evidences for al-Ghazālī's gnoseological emanation; Gnosticism and Ash'arite occasionalism; Section 2: The Veils hadīth; The group of the Attainers; Ihyyā' 'ulūm al-dīn: General considerations; The Ash'arite al-Ghazālī on divine justice; Al-Ghazālī's revised Ash'arism: Divine created acts and human acquisition; Modes of actions: Man as the 'compelled chooser'; The nature of evil; Nature and fear; 'Naturality' of human actions
Divine knowledgeCausality in relation to good and evil; Divine will; Notes; 6. Ibn 'Arabī: Part two; The a'yān thābita and the realm of responsibility in the divine qadā'; The perfect man; The concepts of servanthood ('ubūdiyya) and servitude ('ubūda); Freedom (hurriyya); Divine unity and the disposition of things; 'Naturalistic' predestination; Attribution of acts; Muhammad and the Haqīqa Muhammadiyya: Compendium of divine decree and destiny; Notes; Conclusion; Notes; Bibliography; Index
Emanation and divine willingness: Attempts at compromise between Aristotelian necessity and Ash'artite contingencyDeterminism vs predestination; Matter's revised passivity in relation to determinism; Potentiality and privation between determinism and predestination; Matter and evil; Matter's 'disobedience' and its compliance to the divine decree; Notes; 2. Avicenna: Part two; Divine and celestial knowledge in relation to determinism; The naturalization of rewards and punishments; Human soul and freedom; Rejection of fatalism; Love and determinism
Repentance and hopeTrust in God: Responsibility and the role of the divine law; Mulk, Malakūt and Jabarūt; Notes; 4. Al-Ghazālī: Part two; Al-Maqsad al-asnā fī sharh ma'anī asmā' Allāh al-husnā; Divine predestination for happiness and misery; al-Iqtisād fī'l-i'tiqād and the Tahāfut al-falāsifa; Logical Necessity inscribed in God's Custom; Natural agency in God's accommodating Sunna; Notes; 5. Ibn 'Arabī: Part one; A biography; Nature of the Akbarian writings; Attributes, divine Names and immutable entities; From the one to the many: Hints of Avicennian determinism; Divine 'creation'
Summary The subject of ""human free-will"" versus ""divine predestination"" is one of the most contentious topics in classical Islamic thought. By focusing on a theme of central importance to any philosophy of religion, and to Islam in particular, this book offers a critical study of the intellectual contributions offered to this discourse by three key medieval Islamic thinkers: Avicenna, al-Ghazali and Ibn?Arabi. Through investigation of primary sources, Free Will and Predestination in Islamic Thought establishes the historical, political and intellectual circumstances
Notes Print version record
Subject Free will and determinism -- Religious aspects -- Islam.
Islam -- Doctrines -- History.
Islamic philosophy -- History.
Free will and determinism -- Religious aspects -- Islam.
Islam -- Doctrines.
Islamic philosophy.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 131793704X