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Book Cover
Author Miller, Larry Benjamin.

Title Islamic disputation theory : the uses & rules of argument in medieval Islam
Published Cham, Switzerland : Springer, [2020]


Description 1 online resource
Series Logic, Argumentation and Reasoning ; v. 21
Logic, argumentation & reasoning ; v. 21.
Contents Intro -- Foreword -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Contents -- Chapter 1: Introduction -- Chapter 2: Theological Dialectic (Jadal) -- Jadal, Speculation, and Truth -- Question and Answer (The Four Questions) -- Muʿāraḍa -- The Signs of Defeat -- The Rules of Jadal (Adab al-Jadal) -- Conclusion -- Chapter 3: Dialectic and Arabic Philosophy -- What Is Dialectic? -- Dialectical Questions - Form and Content -- The Rules of Debate -- The Participants in the Debate -- Jadal in Theology and Philosophy: An Overview -- Chapter 4: Dialectic (Jadal) in Jurisprudence -- The Early Period
Question and Answer (The Four Questions) -- Questions One and Two -- Question Three: What Is Your Evidence? -- Question Four: The Mode of Signification -- Question Five: Objection -- Muṭālaba (Request) -- Iʽtirāḍ (Objection) -- Muʽāraḍa (Counter-Objection) -- Mumāna'a, Manʽ -- Fasād al-waḍʽ (False Construction) -- ʽAdam al-taʼthīr (Ineffective Ratio Legis) -- Qalb or Ishtirāk fī al-dalāla (methodos kata peritropēn) -- Naqḍ or munāqaḍa (Inconsistency) -- al-Qaul bi-mūjib al-ʽilla (Limited Acceptance) -- Farq (Distinction) -- Muʽāraḍa (Counter-Objection) -- The Order of the Objections
The Signs of Defeat -- The Adab al-Jadal -- The "Middle" Period of Juristic Dialectics -- al-'Amīdī's Irshād -- al-Barawī's Muqtaraḥ fī l-Muṣṭalaḥ -- Three Other Texts -- The Final Period of Juristic Dialectics -- The Muqaddima of al-Nasafī -- Chapter 5: The Ādāb Al-Baḥth -- al-Qusṭās -- The Introduction -- Section One: Definitions -- Propositions -- The Second Section -- "Beginnings" -- "Means" -- "Ends" -- al-Risāla -- On Definitions -- The Questions/Problems (masā'il) -- Conclusion -- Selected Bibliography -- A. Manuscripts -- B. Books -- C. Articles -- D. Other Sources Consulted in Revision
Name Index -- Subject Index
Summary This book charts the evolution of Islamic dialectical theory (jadal) over a four-hundred year period. It includes an extensive study of the development of methods of disputation in Islamic theology (kalām) and jurisprudence (uṣūl al-fiqh) from the tenth through the fourteenth centuries. The author uses the theoretical writings of Islamic theologians, jurists, and philosophers to describe the concept Overall, this investigation looks at the extent to which the development of Islamic modes of disputation is rooted in Aristotle and the classical tradition. The author reconstructs the contents of the earliest systematic treatment of the subject by b. al-Rīwandī. He then contrasts the theological understanding of dialectic with the teachings of the Arab Aristotelians-al-Fārābī, Avicenna, and Averroes. Next, the monograph shows how jurists took over the theological method of dialectic and applied it to problems peculiar to jurisprudence. Although the earliest writings on dialectic are fairly free of direct Aristotelian influence, there are coincidences of themes and treatment. But after jurisprudence had assimilated the techniques of theological dialectic, its own theory became increasingly influenced by logical terminology and techniques. At the end of the thirteenth century there arose a new discipline, the ādāb al-baḥth. While the theoretical underpinnings of the new system are Aristotelian, the terminology and order of debate place it firmly in the Islamic tradition of disputation
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and indexes
Subject Islam -- Theology -- History
Islam -- Doctrines -- History
Religious disputations.
Literary studies: classical, early & medieval.
Western philosophy: Medieval & Renaissance, c 500 to c 1600.
Law -- General.
Literary Criticism -- Ancient & Classical.
Philosophy -- History & Surveys -- Medieval.
Islam -- Doctrines.
Islam -- Theology.
Religious disputations.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9783030450120