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Title Theoretical Approaches to Biological Control / edited by Bradford A. Hawkins, Howard V. Cornell
Published Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1999
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Description 1 online resource (432 pages)
Contents Cover -- Half-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Contributors -- Preface -- PART I Biological control theory: past and present -- 1 The theoretical foundations of biological control -- Introduction -- Control theory -- Predator-prey theory -- Logistic predator-prey theory -- Lotka-Volterra predator-prey theory -- Predator responses to prey density -- Population dynamics -- Sigmoid behavioral responses -- Control hierarchies and feedback dominance -- Ecological engineering -- References -- Appendix: Derivation of the discrete Lotka-Volterra equations
2 Recent developments in theory for biological control of insect pests by parasitoids -- Introduction -- Stage-structured models -- Invulnerable adult stage -- Relative development times of host and parasitoids and parasitoid density-dependent attack -- Differential vulnerability to parasitism -- Insecticides and single-stage outbreaks -- Host stage-dependent parasitoid oviposition behaviours -- Use of the comparative approach with stage-structured models -- The mango mealybug and two candidate parasitoids -- California red scale and Aphytis melinus and A. lingnanensis
Theory of stage-structured parasitoid competition -- Parasitoid state-dependent behaviors -- Host-feeding decisions dependent on egg load -- Host-feeding decisions dependent on host size and parasitoid state -- Host-feeding and biological control -- Egg limitation -- Hybrid models: discrete reproduction, but within-season dynamics -- Parasitoid aggregation and within-season redistribution -- Phenological asynchrony between hosts and parasitoids -- Multiple natural enemy generations per host generation -- Local stability and biological control -- Discussion -- Acknowledgements -- References
3 Models in biological control: a field guide -- Introduction -- A survey of specific biological control models -- Insect/pathogen -- Weed/pathogen -- Vertebrate/pathogen -- Plant pathogen/microbial antagonist -- Weed/insect herbivore -- Insect/parasitoid -- Discussion -- Predicting impacts on non-target species -- Selection of agents -- Predicting optimum release and management strategies -- Aiding in the identification and interpretation of critical field data -- Increasing understanding of the processes involved -- Conclusions -- References -- PART II Ecological considerations
4 The uniformity and density of pest exploitation as guides to success in biological control -- Introduction -- A survey -- Two partially conflicting objectives of biological control -- Towards a unifying concept -- Correlative measures of exploitation uniformity and density -- An illustrative model -- Simulation methods -- Model properties -- Discussion -- Theoretical antecedents -- Natural enemies as regulators -- Natural enemies as contributors -- Natural enemies as exterminators -- Evidence for our synthesis? -- Comparative analyses in native and introduced system
Summary Biological control is the suppression of pest populations using predators, parasitoids and pathogens. Historically, biological control has largely been on a trial-and-error basis, and has failed more often than it has succeeded. However by developing theories based upon fundamental population principles and the biological characteristics of the pest and agent, we can gain a much better understanding of when and how to use biological control. This book gathers together recent theoretical developments and provides a balanced guide to the important issues that need to be considered in applying ec
Notes Title from publishers bibliographic system (viewed on 22 Dec 2011)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes English
Subject Pests -- Biological control
Insect pests -- Biological control
Pests -- Biological control -- Mathematical models
Insect pests -- Biological control -- Mathematical models
Biological pest control agents
Biological pest control agents.
Insect pests -- Biological control.
Insect pests -- Biological control -- Mathematical models.
Pests -- Biological control.
Pests -- Biological control -- Mathematical models.
Form Electronic book
Author Hawkins, Bradford A
Cornell, Howard V
LC no. 98012057
ISBN 9780511542077 (ebook)
0511542070 (ebook)
9780521572835 (hardback)
0521572835 (hardback)