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Author Berger, Thomas U.

Title War, guilt, and world politics after World War II / Thomas U. Berger
Published Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2012
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Contents Cover; War, Guilt, and World Politics after World War II; Title; Copyright; Contents; Tables; Introduction; Acknowledgments; 1: Politics and Memory in an Age of Apology; The Sources of Official Memory and the Impact of Controversy over Memory; Historical Determinism: History Creates Historical Memory; Instrumentalism: Politics Creates Historical Memory; Culturalist Explanations: Culture Creates Collective Memory; Summary; Plan of the Book; 2: Germany: The Model Penitent; German Catastrophes; Imperfect Reckoning: The Allied Pursuit of German War Guilt, 1945-1952; Imperfect Penance
Shame Versus Guilt: Cultural ExplanationsRice Bowl Penitents: America and Japanese Guilt 1945-1952; The Trials; The Purges; Reeducation; Reparations; Summary; A Guilty Innocence- 1952-1982; Getting to Be Sorry: Japan's Discovery of Guilt 1982-1993; Conclusions; 5: The Geopolitics of Remembering and Forgetting in Asia, 1991-2010: Toward an Expanded Analytical Model; Japan and the Era of "Ah So Sorry Diplomacy": The Domestic and International Political Context; Changes in Japan's Official Historical Narrative; The History Issue and Japan's Foreign Relations in the 1990s
South Korea: History, Democracy, and the Endurance of EnmityChina: Between Pragmatic Forgiveness and Useful Resentment; The Storm over History 2001-2007; Aftermath; 6: Conclusions: Varieties of Penance; Historical Realism: The Eclectic Determinants of the Official Historical Narrative; The Domestic and International Impact of History and Contentions over Historical Issues From a Historical Realist Perspective; The Tragedy of Transitional Justice; The Rise of Discord over History -- Sooner or Later We Will All Be Sorry!; Policy Implications; Index
The Return of Memory and the Wars over History- 1965-1982The Birth of a Culture of Contrition: 1982-1989; Travails of the Model Penitent- Preaching the Gospel of Guilt; Conclusions Based on the German Case; 3: Austria: The Prodigal Penitent; Austria and the Third Reich; "The First Victim of Nazism"- The Allied Powers and the Emergence of Impenitent Austria, 1943-1948; Impenitent Austria- 1948-1962; The Costs of Impenitence- 1962-1991; The Prodigal Penitent Returns; Conclusions Based on the Austrian Case; 4: Japan: The Model Impenitent?; The Legacy of Empire- Historical Determinist Factors
Summary "This book describes how the states in post-1945 Austria, Germany, and Japan have tried to deal with the legacy of the Second World War and how their policies have affected their relations with other countries in the region"-- Provided by publisher
"We live in an age of apology and recrimination. Over the past two decades, the world has witnessed an unprecedented outpouring of expressions of contrition by political leaders for past injustices their countries are held responsible for. At the same time, there has been an upsurge in demands for apologies, restitution and variety of forms of compensation on the behalf of groups and nations that feel they have been victimized. The Federal Republic of Germany may well be the paradigmatic example of this trend. More than sixty years after the end of World War II it continues to wrestle with the legacies of the Third Reich, offering long-overdue compensation to the hundreds of thousands of former slave laborers while arguing with the governments of Poland and the Czech Republic over how to commemorate the millions of ethnic Germans who were driven out of Eastern Europe in the aftermath of the war. Germany might seem to have long been a special case in this regard, burdened as it is by an especially terrible history. Yet other examples abound: the bitter disputes between Russia and its neighbors over how to view the Soviet Union, the disagreement between Israelis and Palestinians over whether the Arab population in Israel had fled or were driven from their homes in 1947, or repeated accusations in Asia that Japan has failed to apologize adequately for its history of atrocity and aggression before 1945. And the list could well be extended almost ad infinitum"-- Provided by publisher
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Cultural property -- Repatriation -- Europe.
Guilt -- Political aspects.
Reparations for historical injustices -- Europe.
Restitution -- Europe.
War victims.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Confiscations and contributions -- Europe.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Historiography.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Psychological aspects.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Reparations.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 113910943X (electronic book)
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1139517007
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1280775173
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