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Author Aircraft, Committee on Air Quality in Passenger Cabins of Commercial

Title Airliner Cabin Environment and the Health of Passengers and Crew
Published Washington : National Academies Press, 2002


Description 1 online resource (344 pages)
Series Online access: NCBI NCBI Bookshelf
Contents ""THE AIRLINER CABIN ENVIRONMENT AND THE HEALTH OF PASSENGERS AND CREW""; ""Copyright""; ""OTHER REPORTS OF THE BOARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND TOXICOLOGY""; ""Preface""; ""Contents""; ""The Airliner Cabin Environment and the Health of Passengers and Crew""; ""Summary""; ""THE CHARGE TO THE COMMITTEE""; ""THE COMMITTEE�S APPROACH TO ITS CHARGE""; ""THE COMMITTEE�S EVALUATION""; ""Aircraft Systems""; ""Exposures on Aircraft""; ""Health Considerations""; ""Findings""; ""RECOMMENDATIONS""; ""1 Introduction""; ""EXPOSURES ON AIRCRAFT""; ""REGULATORY ASPECTS OF CABIN AIR QUALITY""
HISTORY OF PREVIOUS CABIN AIR-QUALITY STUDIESORGANIZATION OF THE REPORT -- REFERENCES -- 2 Environmental Control -- ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS -- Pressure -- Contamination -- Contaminants Originating in the Cabin -- Contaminants Originating Outside the Cabin -- Transient Response of Cabin Environmental Conditions -- Reactive Contaminants -- Temperature Control -- Air Distribution and Circulation -- Recirculation -- Relative Humidity -- ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEMS -- Bleed-Air Supply -- Auxiliary Power Unit -- Air-Conditioning Packs
Air Distribution SystemGround-Based Systems -- ALTERNATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEMS -- ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN AND OPERATIONAL STANDARDS -- CONCLUSIONS -- RECOMMENDATIONS -- REFERENCES -- 3 Chemical Contaminants and Their Sources -- CONTAMINANTS WITH EXTERNAL SOURCES -- Ground-Level Pollution -- Pollution During Ascent and Descent -- Ozone During Cruise -- Atmospheric Ozone Concentrations -- Ozone Chemistry -- Methods of Controlling Ozone in Aircraft -- Measurements of Ozone in Aircraft -- CONTAMINANTS WITH INTERNAL SOURCES
Passengers and BelongingsAircraft Component Materials -- Cleaning Materials and Dust -- Pesticides -- Disinsection Procedures -- Composition of Pesticide Sprays -- Pesticide Exposure -- CONTAMINANTS FROM AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS -- CONCLUSIONS -- RECOMMENDATIONS -- REFERENCES -- 4 Biological Agents -- GENERAL INFORMATION ON BIOAEROSOLS -- Biological Agents in Outdoor Air Near the Ground -- Biological Agents in Outside Air in Flight -- People -- Arthropods, Pets, and Service Animals -- Arthropods -- Pets and Service Animals -- Settled Dust
Microbiological GrowthContaminated Fluids -- Other Reservoirs of Potential Infectious Agents -- ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLING ON AIRCRAFT -- Sampling for Culturable Bacteria and Fungi -- Sampling for Allergens -- Evaluation of Available Information on Bioaerosols -- Microorganisms Sampled in Cabin Air -- Other Biological Agents -- Bacterial Endotoxin -- Fungal Toxins -- Microbial Volatile Organic Compounds (MVOCs) -- Recommended Sampling for Biological Agents -- NIOSH-Sponsored Review -- Allergens -- Infectious Agents -- HEALTH EFFECTS OF EXPOSURE TO BIOAEROSOLS
Summary Although poor air quality is probably not the hazard that is foremost in peoples' minds as they board planes, it has been a concern for years. Passengers have complained about dry eyes, sore throat, dizziness, headaches, and other symptoms. Flight attendants have repeatedly raised questions about the safety of the air that they breathe. The Airliner Cabin Environment and the Health of Passengers and Crew examines in detail the aircraft environmental control systems, the sources of chemical and biological contaminants in aircraft cabins, and the toxicity and health effects associated with these contaminants. The book provides some recommendations for potential approaches for improving cabin air quality and a surveillance and research program
Notes ""Hypersensitivity Disease""
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes English
Print version record
Subject Aeronautics -- Health aspects
Travel -- Health aspects.
Medical personnel.
Air -- Pollution.
Public health.
Environmental monitoring.
Environmental health.
Medical care.
Environmental Pollutants
Environmental Exposure
Health Occupations
Air Pollution
Public Health Practice
Environmental Pollution
Public Health
Disciplines and Occupations
Environment and Public Health
Toxic Actions
Environmental Monitoring
Air Pollutants
Environment, Controlled
Air Pollution, Indoor
Environmental Health
Chemical Actions and Uses
Technology, Industry, and Agriculture
Delivery of Health Care
Technology, Industry, Agriculture
Chemicals and Drugs
Patient Care
travelers (people by activity)
air pollution.
public health.
Public health
Medical personnel
Medical care
Environmental monitoring
Environmental health
Air -- Pollution
Aeronautics -- Health aspects
Travel -- Health aspects
Form Electronic book
Author Staff, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology
Staff, National Research Council
ISBN 9780309567701