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Book Cover

Title Electrically active materials for medical devices / [edited by] Syed A.M. Tofail, Joanna Bauer
Published London : Imperial College Press, [2016]
Singapore ; Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific


Description 1 online resource
Contents Preface; Chapter 1. Electrically Mediated Interactions at the Materials/Biology Interface; 1 Introduction; 2 Electrical Properties of Biomaterials and Biological Entities; 3 Electrical Properties of Biological Entities; 4 Electrical Nature of the Interface Between Biological Species and Materials' Surface; 5 Challenges in Understanding Electrically Mediated Interactions; 6 Conclusions; References; Chapter 2. Piezoelectricity and Electrostimulation in Bone; 1 Early Developments; 2 Piezoelectricity and Humidity; 3 Electric Stimulus of Bone Growth; 4 Wolff's Law; References
Chapter 3. Hydroxyapatite: Past, Present and Future1 Hydroxyapatite-Past; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Could hydroxyapatite be non-centrosymmetric?; 2 Hydroxyapatite-Present; 2.1 Piezoelectric and pyroelectric studies on thin films of HA; 2.2 Piezoforce microscopy (PFM) studies; 2.3 Studies on thicker HA samples; 3 Hydroxyapatite-Future; 3.1 Hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone regeneration; 3.2 Hydroxyapatite dental implants; 3.3. Localised drug delivery; 3.4. Protein chromatography on hydroxyapatite columns; 3.5. Physiological energy harvesting; 4. Conclusions; References
Chapter 4. Engineered Bone Morphogenetic Protein for Hard Tissue Engineering1. Introduction; 2. Preparation of Binding BMPs; 2.1. Collagen-binding BMP; 2.2. Artificial materials-binding BMP; 3. In Vivo Applications of Binding BMP; 3.1. Direct injection; 3.2. Implantation with scaffold; 3.2.1. Collagen-PLGA hybrid scaffold; 3.2.2. Visible-light-curable gelatin; 4. Conclusion; Acknowledgement; References; Chapter 5. Bioenergetics as a Biological Electrical Circuit; 1. Introduction; 2. Composition of Succinate: Quinone Oxidoreductases; 2.1. SdhA -- flavoprotein subunit
2.2. SdhB -- iron-sulphur cluster subunit2.3. Membrane anchors -- SdhC (cytochrome subunit) and SdhD (membrane anchor subunit); 3. SQOR Reaction Mechanism; 3.1. Succinate oxidation and electron transfer; 3.2. Quinone reduction; 3.3. Overall proton and electron transfer; 4. Conclusion and Outlook for the Bioenergetics Field; References; Chapter 6. Organic Ferroelectrics; 1. Introduction; 2. Ferroelectric Polymers; Acknowledgements; References; Chapter 7. Basics of Ceramic Hydroxyapatite Electrets; 1. Introduction; 2. Ceramic Electrets; 3. Basic Properties of Ceramic HA
4. Ceramic Hydroxyapatite Electret and In Vitro Vector Effects5. A Prospect of the Future Research and Study of Bioceramic Electrets; 6. Conclusions; References; Chapter 8. Surface Modification and Electro-thermal Polarisation for Bone Tissue Engineering; 1. Overview of Surface Modification Techniques of Biomaterials used in Bone Tissue Engineering Applications; 1.1. Surface physical properties; 1.2. Surface chemistry; 1.3. Electrical stimulation and surface charge; 1.4. Surface functionalisation; 2. Significance of Charged Biomaterials in Bone Tissue Engineering Applications; 3. Conclusions
Summary "Stress induced electrical charges, action potential and electret behavior of bone, muscles, skin and nerve cells have been known for some time. Electrically Active Materials for Medical Devices builds on this knowledge and encourages readers to understand and exploit electrical activity in biomaterials from native, derived, or completely synthetic origin, or a combination thereof. It presents data and insights from both historic and contemporary research that spans over six decades with a view to generate convergence of interdisciplinary knowledge and skills. Divided into four parts, this book first introduces the reader to a general overview of electrically active materials in biology and biomedical science and describes important concepts and pioneering discoveries. The second part discusses common types of materials that are known to generate electrical activity and lays the foundation for these materials for use in medical devices. The third part gives examples of where electrically active materials have been examined for device application. The final part looks for upcoming and emerging concepts, tools and methodologies that are expected to shape the future profile of this field of converging science. Written by specialists in their respective fields, it has been specifically targeted at a readership of professionals, graduate students and researchers in the fields of biomedical engineering, physics, chemistry biology and clinical medicine."--Publisher's website
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Biomedical materials.
Electric stimulation.
Electrophysiological Phenomena
Biocompatible Materials
Biomechanical Phenomena -- physiology
Electric Stimulation
Equipment and Supplies
Biomedical and Dental Materials
HEALTH & FITNESS -- Reference.
MEDICAL -- Alternative Medicine.
MEDICAL -- Atlases.
MEDICAL -- Essays.
MEDICAL -- Family & General Practice.
MEDICAL -- Holistic Medicine.
MEDICAL -- Osteopathy.
Electric stimulation
Biomedical materials
Form Electronic book
Author Tofail, Syed A. M., editor
Bauer, Joanna, editor
ISBN 9781783269877