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Title Dismantling Colombia's new illegal armed groups : lessons from a surrender
Published Bogotá, Colombia ; Brussels, Belgium : International Crisis Group, 2012


Description 1 online resource (ii, 24 pages) : color maps (digital, PDF file)
Series Crisis Group Latin America Report ; no. 41
ICG Latin America report ; no. 41.
Contents Executive summary and recommendations. -- I. Introduction. -- II. Ending NIAGS: the government's offer. -- III. ERPAC'S profile. -- IV. The surrender. -- V . Towards a surrender policy. -- VI. Conclusion. -- Appendices
Notes 8 June 2012
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Title from cover screen (viewed on June 24, 2012)
Transitional justice and DDR can be key instruments for dismantling illegal armed groups and reducing crime and violence, as well as protecting the interests of victims. But benefits of such processes appear to be decreasing. The surrender of ERPAC, the first mass handover of a NIAG, faces potentially severe problems, albeit on a much smaller scale than the AUC demobilisation. There is little evidence of a positive impact on conflict dynamics after the surrender, and exclusive reliance on criminal procedures before ordinary courts has, perversely, increased the risks of both impunity and survival of the economic structures and political links behind ERPAC. The government needs to correct these shortcomings. Otherwise, after a process that seems to have benefited the leaders of ERPAC more than anybody else, incentives for rank-and-file members to participate in any future surrender will likely remain low. The government should, therefore, consider implementing an explicit surrender policy for NIAGs, one based on recognition that it is difficult to clearly separate organised criminal groups from parts of the internal armed conflict and that the prosecuting institutions, and the judicial system in general, currently do not have the capacity to shoulder a process that would satisfy victims' rights to justice, truth and non-repetition. Deciding how to balance such potentially contradictory goals would doubtless be controversial. But the shortcomings of the ERPAC surrender suggest that this is a debate the country should no longer postpone
Mode of access: World Wide Web
System requirements: Adobe Reader
Subject Ejército Revolucionario Popular Antiterrorista Colombiano
Paramilitary forces -- Colombia
Political violence -- Colombia -- Prevention
Peace-building -- Colombia
Paramilitary forces.
Political violence -- Prevention.
Form Electronic book
Author International Crisis Group.