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Title Stable isotopes in tree rings : inferring physiological, climatic and environmental responses / Rolf T. W. Siegwolf, J. Renée Brooks, John Roden, Matthias Saurer, editors
Published Cham : Springer, 2022


Description 1 online resource (775 pages)
Series Tree Physiology ; v. 8
Tree physiology (Dordrecht, Netherlands) ; v. 8.
Contents Intro -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- Contributors -- Part I Introduction -- 1 Isotope Dendrochronology: Historical Perspective -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Origins -- 1.3 Advances -- 1.3.1 20th Century Spin Up -- 1.3.2 21st Century Expansion -- 1.4 Emerging Directions -- 1.5 Conclusions -- References -- 2 Dendrochronology: Fundamentals and Innovations -- 2.1 The Annual Ring-The Keeper of Time in Dendrochronology -- 2.1.1 Inter-Annual Variations in Tree-Rings and Tree-Ring Parameters -- 2.2 Crossdating -- 2.3 Sampling and Site Selection
2.4 Deconstructing Variability in Tree-Ring Data -- 2.4.1 The Linear Aggregate Model -- 2.4.2 Detrending and Standardization -- 2.4.3 Long-Term Trends in Tree-Ring Data -- 2.5 Chronology Development, Confidence, Sample Replication, Coherence, and Variance -- 2.5.1 Tree-Ring Chronologies -- 2.5.2 Assessment of Chronology Confidence -- 2.5.3 Variance Changes in Composite Time-Series -- 2.6 Conclusions -- References -- 3 Anatomical, Developmental and Physiological Bases of Tree-Ring Formation in Relation to Environmental Factors -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Wood Structure and Functions
3.2.1 Xylem Anatomy -- 3.2.2 Xylem Cell Wall Structure and Composition -- 3.3 The Biological Basis of Wood Formation in Relation to Tree Development -- 3.3.1 The Successive Stages of Xylem Cell Differentiation -- 3.3.2 Heartwood Formation -- 3.3.3 Influence of Environmental Factors on Wood Formation Processes -- 3.4 Seasonal Dynamics of Wood Formation in Relation to Tree Phenology -- 3.4.1 The Phenology of Cambium and Xylem -- 3.4.2 The Phenology of Leaves, Roots and Reserves -- 3.4.3 Seasonal Dynamics of Wood Formation in Relation to Organ Phenology
3.4.4 Influence of Environment on Seasonal Dynamics of Wood Formation and Tree Phenology -- 3.5 Kinetics of Tracheid Differentiation in Relation with Tree Physiology -- 3.5.1 From Wood Formation Dynamics to the Kinetics of Tracheid Differentiation -- 3.5.2 Influence of Environmental Factors on the Kinetics of Wood Formation -- 3.6 How Wood Formation Monitoring Can Help to Better Understand Tree-Ring Isotopic Signal -- References -- Part II Methods -- 4 Sample Collection and Preparation for Annual and Intra-annual Tree-Ring Isotope Chronologies -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Sample Collection
4.2.1 Site and Tree Selection -- 4.2.2 Sample Replication -- 4.2.3 Choosing Field Sampling Equipment -- 4.3 Sample Preparation -- 4.3.1 Sampling Resolution -- 4.3.2 Sample Pooling -- 4.3.3 Particle Size Requirements for Chemical Extraction and Analytical Repeatability -- 4.4 Towards Subseasonal-Resolution Analyses of Tree-Ring Records -- 4.4.1 Important Considerations -- 4.4.2 Sampling Resolution Comparison -- 4.4.3 Case Study: Pinus Ponderosa Growing in Southwestern US [Southern Arizona] -- 4.4.4 Preliminary Assessments -- 4.5 Conclusion -- References
Summary This Open Access volume highlights how tree ring stable isotopes have been used to address a range of environmental issues from paleoclimatology to forest management, and anthropogenic impacts on forest growth. It will further evaluate weaknesses and strengths of isotope applications in tree rings. In contrast to older tree ring studies, which predominantly applied a pure statistical approach this book will focus on physiological mechanisms that influence isotopic signals and reflect environmental impacts. Focusing on connections between physiological responses and drivers of isotope variation will also clarify why environmental impacts are not linearly reflected in isotope ratios and tree ring widths. This volume will be of interest to any researcher and educator who uses tree rings (and other organic matter proxies) to reconstruct paleoclimate as well as to understand contemporary functional processes and anthropogenic influences on native ecosystems. The use of stable isotopes in biogeochemical studies has expanded greatly in recent years, making this volume a valuable resource to a growing and vibrant community of researchers
Analysis paleoclimatology
forest management
anthropogenic impacts
biogeochemical studies
Ecology and Environment
Notes 5 Stable Isotope Signatures of Wood, its Constituents and Methods of Cellulose Extraction
Includes index
Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed June 17, 2022)
Subject Dendrochronology.
Stable isotopes in plant physiology research.
Stable isotopes in plant physiology research
Isòtops estables en ecologia.
Genre/Form Llibres electrònics.
Form Electronic book
Author Siegwolf, Rolf T. W.
Brooks, J. Renée
Roden, John
Saurer, Matthias
ISBN 9783030926984