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Book Cover
Author Krimsky, Sheldon.

Title Genetic justice : DNA data banks, criminal investigations, and civil liberties / Sheldon Krimsky and Tania Simoncelli
Published New York : Columbia University Press, 2011
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (xviii, 406 pages) : illustrations
Contents Forensic DNA analysis -- The network of U.S. DNA data banks -- Community DNA dragnets -- Familial DNA searches -- Forensic DNA phenotyping -- Surreptitious biological sampling -- Exonerations : when the DNA doesn't match -- The allure behind universal data banks -- The UK : paving the way to forensic DNA -- Japan's forensic DNA data bank : a call for reform -- Australia : a quest for uniformity in DNA data banking -- Germany : from eugenics to forensics -- Italy : a data bank in search of a law -- Privacy and genetic surveillance -- Racial disparities in DNA data banking -- Fallibility in DNA identification -- Efficacy : a case of diminishing returns -- Toward a vision of justice : recommendations for responsible uses of DNA in law enforcement -- Appendix: Six-country comparison of forensic DNA data banks
Summary National DNA databanks were initially established to catalogue the identities of violent criminals and sex offenders. However, since the mid-1990s, forensic DNA databanks have expanded in some states and nations to include all people who have been arrested, regardless of whether they've been charged or convicted of a crime. The public is largely unaware of these changes and the advances in biotechnology and forensic DNA science that have made them possible, but we are beginning to realize that the unfettered collection of DNA profiles from innocent citizens has compromised our basic freedoms and rights. Two prominent advisors on medical ethics, science policy, and civil liberties take a hard look at how the United States, Australia, Japan, and European countries have balanced the use of DNA data banks in criminal justice with the privacy rights of their citizenry. Sheldon Krimsky and Tania Simoncelli analyze the constitutional, ethical, and sociopolitical implications of expanded DNA collection in the United States and compare these findings to trends in other locations. They examine the development of legal precedent for taking DNA from juveniles, searching DNA databases for possible family members of suspects, conducting "DNA dragnets" of large local populations, and the warrantless acquisition by police of so-called abandoned DNA as they search for suspects. Most intriguing, Krimsky and Simoncelli explode the myth that DNA profiling is infallible, which has profound implications for criminal justice.--Book jacket
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (page 393) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Forensic Genetics -- methods.
Criminal Law.
Databases, Nucleic Acid.
Criminal investigation -- Cross-cultural studies.
DNA data banks -- Cross-cultural studies.
Evidence, Criminal -- Cross-cultural studies.
Genre/Form Cross-cultural studies.
Form Electronic book
Author Simoncelli, Tania.
ISBN 0231517807 (electronic bk.)
9780231517805 (electronic bk.)