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Author Hu, Ping, 1947-

Title The thought remolding campaign of the Chinese Communist Party-State / Hu Ping ; translated by Philip F. Williams and Yenna Wu
Published Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, 2012


Description 1 online resource (313 pages)
Series ICAS Publications series. Monographs ; 7
ICAS publications series. Monographs ; 7.
Contents 1. What is Thought Remolding? -- Thought Remolding and "Brainwashing" -- Restrictions upon the Scope of the Problem -- Did Marxism Ever Discuss Thought Remolding? -- Thought Remolding : Totalitarianism with Decidedly "Chinese Characters" -- Does Thought Remolding Have Any Theoretical Foundation? -- Absurdity Beneath the Seriousness Behind the Absurdity -- Thought Remolding Differs from the Development of Thought -- Thought Remolding and Moral Self-cultivation are Superficially Similar but Different in Spirit -- Thought Remolding as the Negation of Thought -- Thought Remolding is a Logical Paradox -- The Actual Political Function of Thought Remolding -- From "Establishing a Proletarian Weltanschauung" to "Maintaining Unity with Party Central."
2. How Was Thought Remolding Possible? -- The 1949 Revolution Was Not the Victory of a Political Idea -- On "Following a Doctrine without Understanding it" -- Is it True that They Were "Completely Convinced"? -- Intangible Pressure -- From "Killing a Chicken to Frighten the Monkeys" to "Killing a Monkey to Frighten the Other Monkeys" -- A Monistic System of Value Standards : Concepts and Structure -- Why Was Remolding Aimed at the Intelligentsia? -- The Bifurcated Essence of Thought Remolding -- The Coercion of Truth -- The Utility of Truth -- The Class Nature of Truth and the Problem of Standpoint -- Beware of "Begging the Question" -- The Ambiguity of Facts -- The Ambiguity of Values -- Conformity -- Consistency -- The Belief that the World is Just -- Pursuing Meaning in Life
3. How Has Thought Remolding Been Implemented? -- "With Machine Guns Pinning You Down on Three Sides, You're Allowed to Head off in Only One Direction" -- Mobilizing Others to Receive Instruction -- "First Impressions are the Strongest" and "Once You Form a Habit, Following it Comes Naturally" -- The Power of Oversimplification -- "Giving an Injection of a Preventive Inoculation" -- The Hierarchical System of "Study" [xuexi] -- An Affective Style of Propaganda -- The Controlling Function of Collective Rituals -- Criticism and Self-Criticism -- From Prohibition to Renunciation -- The Transition from Compelled Conduct to Voluntary Conduct -- The Strategy of Violating Dignity -- The Chastity of Those Who Have Lost Their Chastity -- The Psychology of a Shortage of Rewards -- Thought Remolding and the Chinese Cultural Tradition -- Getting Enmeshed in a Cocoon of One's Own Weaving -- Some "Doctor" Indeed -- Various Methods of Punishment -- A Remarkable Effect of the "Downward Transfer to the Countryside for Manual Labor."
The First Strategy of Criticism : A Ferocious Clap (1) -- A Ferocious Clap (2) -- The Second Strategy of Criticism : Isolation within the Crowd (1) -- Isolation within the Crowd (2) -- Spiritual Homelessness, Isolation and the Lack of Support -- From Confusion to Submission -- The Emotional Need to Identify with One's Oppressors -- Self-conscious Sacrifice -- The Trap of Toughening and Putting to the Test -- The Language Demon -- Why Must Self-criticism Be Carried out in Public? -- The Destruction of Self-discipline -- The Destruction of External Discipline -- Utilizing the Sense of Shame to Shatter the Sense of Shame -- A Myth about Laborers -- A Reflection, or an Image "in Reverse"? -- Filial Devotion and Loyalty to the Rulers -- Begin in Obedience and End in Obedience -- Getting "Well-Remolded" Amounts to Getting Intimidated -- Remolding is Nothing Other than Taming -- In Evading Freedom, One Evades Responsibility
4. On Evasion -- Evasion by Foot-dragging -- The Rejected and the Weary -- Idealists Who Went Astray -- Rebellion among Evaders -- Between Taming and Rebellion -- The Legitimization of Evasion -- Evasion as Being Tamed -- Evading the Persecuted -- Indifference and Forgetfulness -- The Rationalization of Evasion -- 5. On Rebellion -- What is Rebellion? -- The Meaning of Writing a Letter to Chairman Mao -- Format is More Important Than Content -- Regarding Subconscious Rebellion -- Opposing Thought Remolding and Opposing Totalitarian Rule -- Earthquakes from within the System -- The Bankruptcy of Phony Politics -- The Rebellion of Liberalism -- The Current Condition of Liberalism -- Gaining the Privilege of Rebellion
6. The Bane of Cynicism -- Authoritarianism and Cynics -- The Communist Party and Cynicism -- What Does "the Transition from a Revolutionary Party to a Ruling Party" Mean? -- Why is It "No to Reform and Wait for Death; Yes to Reform and Court Death"? -- Cynicism and Fear, and the Notion that You Are "Better-Off Muddleheaded" -- The Idea of Liberal Democracy : Only with Faith in it is it Efficacious -- Hip Cynicism -- Doctrinal Cynicism -- The Political Game of Pretending to Obey -- The Cynic's Self-deception and Deceiving of Others
7. Struggling for the Freedom of Thought -- Quandaries of Existence -- An Analysis of Some Peculiar Phenomena -- Why Are There Still People Who Want to Join the Party? -- Why Some Dissidents Are Willing to Remain in the Party -- Why Some Persons Severely Persecuted by the CCP Would Continue to Express Their Loyalty to the CCP -- Why Do Party Members Rarely Withdraw from the Party, and Why Do Officials Rarely Resign? -- Why Would Many Persons Still Remain Within the System Even When Various Exits are Available? -- Why Do Quite a Few People Always Place Their Hopes in the CCP? -- Rational Choice Theory -- Normative Theory -- The Power of Example -- Structuralist Theory -- Coercion and Incentives for By-Products -- The Impact of Societal Scale on Collective Action -- The Necessity and Limitations of Drawing on Official Mass Communication Outlets -- A Struggle for Recognition -- Desire, Reason and Spiritedness -- Knowledge and Behavior -- The Special Features of Late Communist Totalitarian Rule -- Dauntlessly Moving Forward in a Measured Stride
Summary This authoritative work on the Chinese Communist party's practices of reeducation and indoctrination, supersedes all previous works by bringing into account recent events. Hu Ping has provided a rich and rigorous study based not only in historical research and numerous compelling case studies of Chinese intellectuals, but also in a first person account of his own experience of Maoist thought "remolding." The Thought Remolding Campaign of the Chinese Communist Party-State is an important history not only of the reeducation programs, but of the interrogation processes of the Party, and the strategies of either evasion or reberllion that released prisoners adopted
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes English
Print version record
Subject Intellectual freedom -- China
Brainwashing -- China
Communist self-criticism.
20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000.
East Asia, Far East.
History: earliest times to present day.
Marxism and Communism.
Political control and freedoms.
Political ideologies.
Political oppression and persecution.
Political structure and processes.
Political structures: totalitarianism and dictatorship.
Politics and government.
Postwar 20th century history, from c 1945 to c 2000.
Society and culture: general.
Society and social sciences Society and social sciences.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Public Policy -- General.
Communist self-criticism.
Intellectual freedom.
Politics and government
China -- Politics and government -- 1949-
Form Electronic book
Author Williams, Philip F.
Wu, Yenna.
ISBN 9789048515912