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Title Back pain in the young child and adolescent : a case-based guide / Richard M. Schwend, William L. Hennrikus, editors
Published Cham, Switzerland : Springer, [2021]


Description 1 online resource
Contents Intro -- Preface -- Contents -- Contributor List -- Part I: Background -- Chapter 1: Epidemiology of Pediatric Back Pain -- Introduction -- Defining Back Pain -- Prevalence -- Back Pain -- Neck and Thoracic Pain -- Low Back Pain -- Incidence -- Pain Frequency, Duration, and Intensity -- Disability -- Medical Attention -- Natural History -- Risk Factors -- Physical Domain -- Trunk Muscles -- Trunk Mobility -- Posture -- Trunk Asymmetry -- Muscle and Joint Flexibility -- Trunk Stability -- Biological Domain -- Weight and Height -- Gender -- Family History -- Lifestyle Domain -- Activity
Sedentary Activity -- Physical Activity -- Sport -- Occupational Activity -- Sleep -- Smoking and Alcohol -- Backpacks -- Psychosocial Domain -- Psychological, Behavioral, and Cognitive Factors -- Social Factors -- Approaching Back Pain from a Multidimensional Perspective -- Prevention -- Brief Summary -- Conclusion -- Editor Discussion -- References -- Chapter 2: Anatomy of the Pediatric Spine -- Cervical Spine (Fig. 2.5) -- Thoracic Spine (Fig. 2.3) -- Lumbar Spine (Fig. 2.6) -- Editor Discussion -- References
Chapter 3: Medical and Non-surgical Conditions That Can Cause or Contribute to Back Pain in a Child or Adolescent -- Mechanical Back Pain (Non-specific or Muscular Back Pain) -- Scoliosis -- Back Pain in Children with Neuromuscular Disease -- Muscle Strain and Spasm -- Spondylolysis/Spondylolisthesis -- Scheuermann Disease -- Degenerative Disease -- Bertolotti Syndrome -- Spinal Dysraphism -- Benign but Locally Aggressive Tumors of the Spine -- Osteoid Osteoma/Osteoblastoma -- Histiocytosis -- Malignancy -- Leukemia -- Ewing Sarcoma -- Spinal Cord Tumor -- Infection -- Discitis -- Osteomyelitis
Systemic Disease -- Osteoporosis/Metabolic Bone Disease -- Sickle Cell Disease -- Spondyloarthropathy -- Extra-skeletal Causes of Back Pain -- Editor Discussion -- References -- Chapter 4: History Evaluation of the Child or Adolescent with Back Pain Including Ten Red Flags -- Introduction -- Summary -- Editor Discussion -- References -- Chapter 5: Physical Examination of the Child or Adolescent with Back Pain -- Editor Discussion -- References -- Chapter 6: Radiologic Imaging and Laboratory Evaluation of Back Pain in Children and Adolescents -- Introduction -- Imaging -- Role of Plain Radiography
Radiation Exposure -- Special Views -- Role of Computerized Tomography (CT Scan) -- Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormality (SCIWORA) -- Technetium Nuclear Bone Scan -- PET-CT -- Imaging Findings on Plain Radiography -- Initial Approach to Reading Plain Radiographs of the Spine -- Disc Disease and Schmorl's Nodes -- Fracture or Dislocation -- Scheuermann's Kyphosis -- Transitional Vertebra -- Spina Bifida Occulta -- Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis -- Spinal Deformity -- Vertebra Plana -- MRI -- Examples of Commonly Encountered Pediatric Variations and Abnormalities
Summary Back pain is a common musculoskeletal condition that presents to physicians in the primary care office, the urgent care facility, and the emergency room. However, few primary care physicians have received education and training about the appropriate workup and referral for a child who presents with back pain. This book is designed to fill the gaps in primary care physician knowledge and ultimately improve patient care. This book is divided into three major sections. The first section contains seven introductory chapters on epidemiology, anatomy of the spine, imaging studies, clinical considerations, general history questions, and physical examination pearls of the child with back pain. This section gives an overview of common back pain problems and provides instructions on how to best perform a history and examination of the pediatric patient with back pain. Classic historical and examination findings are highlighted that can lead to a focused differential diagnosis, successful treatment and appropriate referral. Recognition of the red flags in the history and physical keep the clinician 'out of trouble'. This section concludes with a chapter that guides physicians in "putting it all together". The second section is the largest section of the book and contains 25 case based chapters organized by major presenting clinical features. Each chapter has a similar structure and includes red flags of the history and the physical, case examples, clinical pearls, and editor comments. Cases vary from common presentations of back pain such as back pain related to back packs to rare presentations of back pain such as back pain stemming from tuberculosis. The third and final section of the book contains additional resources for the primary care physician, including web sites, parent handouts, and a bibliography of key articles. This section provides further information and alternative resources for the practicing clinician. Written by experts in the field, Back Pain in the Young Child and Adolescent is a 'must have' resource for pediatricians, primary care physicians, and any other clinicians caring for younger patients who are experiencing back pain
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from digital title page (viewed on February 03, 2021)
Subject Backache -- Case studies
Pediatric orthopedics.
Pediatric orthopedics
Genre/Form Case studies
Case studies.
√Čtudes de cas.
Form Electronic book
Author Schwend, Richard M., editor
Hennrikus, William L., editor
ISBN 9783030507589