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Author Power-Greene, Ousmane K., author

Title Against wind and tide : the African American struggle against the colonization movement / Ousmane K. Power-Greene
Published New York : New York University Press, [2014]
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (245 pages)
Series Early American places
Early American places.
Contents 1. "The Means of Alleviating the Suffering": Haitian Emigration and the Colonization Movement, 1817-1830 -- 2. "One of the Wildest Projects Ever": Abolitionists and the Anticolonizationist Impulse, 1830-1840 -- 3. "The Cause Is God's and Must Prevail": Building an Anticolonizationist Wall in Great Britain, 1830-1850 -- 4. Resurrecting the "Iniquitous Scheme": The Rebirth of the Colonization Movement in America, 1840-1854 -- 5. "An Undue Illusion": Emigration, Colonization, and the Destiny of the Colored Races, 1850-1858 -- 6. "For God and Humanity": Anticolonization in the Civil War Era
Summary "Against Wind and Tide tells the story of African American's battle against the American Colonization Society (ACS), founded in 1816 with the intention to return free blacks to its colony Liberia. Although ACS members considered free black colonization in Africa a benevolent enterprise, most black leaders rejected the ACS, fearing that the organization sought forced removal. As Ousmane K. Power-Greene's story shows, these African American anticolonizationists did not believe Liberia would ever be a true 'black American homeland.' In this study of anticolonization agitation, Power-Greene draws on newspapers, meeting minutes, and letters to explore the concerted effort on the part of nineteenth century black activists, community leaders, and spokespersons to challenge the American Colonization Society's attempt to make colonization of free blacks federal policy. The ACS insisted the plan embodied empowerment. The United States, they argued, would never accept free blacks as citizens, and the only solution to the status of free blacks was to create an autonomous nation that would fundamentally reject racism at its core. But the activists and reformers on the opposite side believed that the colonization movement was itself deeply racist and in fact one of the greatest obstacles for African Americans to gain citizenship in the United States. Power-Greene synthesizes debates about colonization and emigration, situating this complex and enduring issue into an ever broader conversation about nation building and identity formation in the Atlantic world"--Provided by publisher
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject American Colonization Society.
African Americans -- Colonization -- Africa.
Back to Africa movement -- History.
Antislavery movements -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
United States -- Race relations -- History -- 19th century.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 1479876690 (electronic bk
9781479876693 (electronic bk