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Author Ikeya, M.

Title Earthquakes and animals : from folk legends to science / Motoji Ikeya
Published Singapore ; Hackensack, N.J. : World Scientific Pub. Co., [2004]
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (xix, 295 pages) : illustrations (dome color), maps
Contents 1. Legends of unusual phenomena before earthquakes -- wisdom or superstition? 1.1. Introduction. 1.2. Precursor phenomena in the sky, the atmosphere and on land. 1.3. Unusual behavior of animals and plants. 1.4. Unusual behavior of inanimate objects. 1.5. Earthquake precursors and the Oriental worldview. 1.6. Summary -- 2. Precursors before recent earthquakes -- Kobe, Izmit, Taiwan and India. 2.1. Introduction. 2.2. What happened before the Kobe Earthquake? 2.3. Unusual phenomena before the Izmit Earthquake (M7.4) in Turkey. 2.4. Precursors of the Taiwan-921 Earthquake (M7.7). 2.5. The West Indian (Gujarat) Earthquake (M7.7) in 2001. 2.6. International mail and overall comments. 2.7. Numerical data: fish capture records. 2.8. Space and time distribution of precursors. 2.9. Summary -- 3. Earth sciences and electromagnetism. 3.1. Introduction. 3.2. Solid Earth sciences and earthquakes. 3.3. Elementary electromagnetism. 3.4. Summary -- 4. Unusual animal behavior I -- what do they detect? -- electric field effects. 4.1. Introduction. 4.2. What do animals detect? -- what are their sensors? 4.3. Electric field experiments on aquatic animals. 4.4. Electric field experiments on land animals. 4.5. Experiments at Kobe-Oji Zoo. 4.6. Izu-Atagawa Tropical & Alligator Garden. 4.7. Animal experiments in Turkey and Taiwan. 4.8. Preseismic electric field intensity at epicenters. 4.9. Summary -- 5. Unusual animal behavior II -- rock compression and increased animal activity. 5.1. Introduction. 5.2. Rock compression experiment. 5.3. Disturbed mice behavior before the Kobe Earthquake. 5.4. An EM exposure experiment. 5.5. Effects of EM pulses on chickens. 5.6. Possible physiological pathways for EM waves. 5.7. Is behavioral response consistent with detection of EM waves? 5.8. Waking before earthquakes: a human response to EM waves? 5.9. Possible action of melatonin (the sleep hormone)? 5.10. Connection between seismo-electromagnetic signals (SEMS) and animal behavior? 5.11. Summary
6. Unusual plant responses before earthquakes. 6.1. Introduction. 6.2. Possible causes of plant anomalies before earthquakes. 6.3. Investigation of electric field effects on plants and soils. 6.4. Silk trees in earthquake prediction. 6.5. Effect of EM waves on the growth of rice plants. 6.6. Early flowering and re-blooming. 6.7. Summary -- 7. Atmospheric precursors -- earthquake light, clouds, sun, moon, stars and rainbows. 7.1. Introduction. 7.2. Earthquake light (EQL). 7.3. Sources and causes of EQL. 7.4. Theory of a dark discharge model. 7.5. Earthquake fogs and clouds (EQFs and EQCs). 7.6. Unusual phenomena in the sky. 7.7. Summary -- 8. Precursor phenomena -- on land, sea and elsewhere. 8.1. Introduction. 8.2. Air bubble movement -- from land-tilting or electric charge? 8.3. Sounds from the ground: can one hear EM waves? 8.4. Phenomena in the aquasphere. 8.5. Bent candle flame, smoke and color of steamed rice. 8.6. Thermometer: the contact angle of mercury. 8.7. Summary -- 9. Mysteries before earthquakes -- the behavior of electric appliances. 9.1. Introduction. 9.2. Magnetic earthquake precursors? 9.3. Unusual behavior of electric home appliances. 9.4. Mysterious clocks and the "Alice in Wonderland" syndrome. 9.5. Earthquake forecasting using electric appliances? 9.6. Care needed to avoid interference in data measurements. 9.7. Summary -- 10. Forecasting using animal monitoring. 10.1. Introduction. 10.2. Parakeets at a Chinese high school. 10.3. The potential predictive value of mice. 10.4. Can catfish be used in earthquake forecasting? 10.5. Catfish monitoring network: integrated science education. 10.6. From Parkfield cockroaches to animals fitted with meters. 10.7. Forecasting using animals? 10.8. Summary -- 11. Monitoring seismo-electromagnetic signals (SEMS) -- a general survey. 11.1. Introduction. 11.2. Comments on changes in electric and magnetic fields. 11.3. Seismo-electromagnetic Signals. 11.4. Summary -- 12. Summary. 12.1. EM research is still young. 12.2. Responses to specific objections. 12.3. Is short-term earthquake prediction possible? 12.4. What would be the next steps in the research program? 12.5. Conclusion
Summary Those who survive major earthquakes often report the occurrence of mysterious phenomena beforehand - unusual animal and plant behavior, lightning, strange clouds and malfunctioning electrical appliances. In fact these stories are legendary the world over. But are they merely legends? Are the many people who report them just superstitious or suffering from over-active imaginations? Earthquakes and Animals brings objective science to bear on these old legends. But this is not the suspect science associated with recent attempts to validate UFO sightings. The book places in front of the reader the simple laboratory evidence for the behaviour of animals, plants and objects when they are subjected to intense electromagnetic pulses. In many cases they behave in ways that have been recorded for centuries - and are still reported today - as earthquake-related. Written for both the general public and scientists, Earthquakes and Animals demonstrates experimentally a physical basis for the old earthquake legends. It also adds tantalisingly to the science of earthquake prediction and cautiously suggests a legitimate new field of study - electromagnetic seismology
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 271-282) and index
Subject Animal behavior.
Animal populations -- Climatic factors.
Earthquake prediction.
Extrasensory perception in animals.
Form Electronic book
Author World Scientific (Firm)
ISBN 9789812832696 (electronic bk.)
9812832696 (electronic bk.)