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Title Sexual assault and sexual harassment in the U.S. military. Volume 4, Investigations of Potential Bias in Estimates from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study / edited by Andrew R. Morral, Kristie L. Gore, Terry L. Schell ; Contributors: Amy Grace Donohue, Marc N. Elliott, Caroline Epley, Coreen Farris, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Lisa H. Jaycox, Dean Kilpatrick
Published Santa Monica, Calif. : RAND, [2016]
©2016
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Description 1 online resource (xxvii, 240 pages) : color illustration
Series Research report ; RR-870/6-OSD
Research report (Rand Corporation) ; RR-870/6-OSD.
Contents Preface -- Figures and Tables -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- Chapter One: Introduction: About the 2014 Survey -- Organization of the Report -- Statistical Analysis and Reporting Conventions Used in This Report -- Chapter Two: Follow-Up Studies of Survey Nonrespondents: Study Procedures -- Analysis of Nonresponse Bias -- Results -- Discussion and Conclusions -- Chapter Three: The Efficacy of Sampling Weights for Correcting Nonresponse Bias: Participant Characteristics Associated with Survey Nonresponse -- Association of Participant Characteristics with Survey Outcomes -- Characteristics That Could Lead to Nonresponse Bias -- The Development and Performance of RMWS Weights -- Conclusion -- Chapter Four: Investigation of Total Survey Error Using Official Records of Reported Sexual Assaults -- Chapter Five: Performance of the Sexual Assault Survey Module: Intentionality -- Offender Behavior/Lack of Consent -- Confirming Past-Year Time Frame -- Conclusions -- Chapter Six: Undercounting and Overcounting of Service Members Exposed to Sexual Assault: Inclusion of Preservice Sexual Assaults -- Exclusion of Assaults Against Members With Fewer Than Six Months of Service -- Exclusion of Members Who Recently Left the Service -- Inclusion or Exclusion of Alcohol Blackouts and Fear Responses That Immobilize -- Inclusion of Nonpenile Oral Penetration in the Penetration Counts -- Possible Exclusion of Civilian Sexual Assaults Among Reserve Component Members -- Conclusions -- Chapter Seven: Performance of the Sexual Harassment and Gender Discrimination Module: Sexual Harassment and Gender Discrimination Screening Items -- Classification of Sexual Harassment of the Sexually Hostile Work Environment Type -- Classification of Sexual Harassment of the Quid Pro Quo Type -- Classification of Gender Discrimination -- Error in Categorizing Hostile Workplace Experiences -- Conclusion -- Chapter Eight: Comparison of Events Identified by the Prior Form and RAND Forms: Some Past-Year Unwanted Sexual Contacts Counted with the Prior Form Occurred More Than a Year Ago -- The Prior Form Identifies Fewer Penetrative Sexual Assaults Than the RAND Form -- Unwanted Sexual Contacts on the Prior Form May Include Events That Are Not UCMJ Crimes -- Differences Between the WGRA and RAND Sexual Harassment Definitions -- Conclusions -- Chapter Nine: Analysis of Survey Nonconsent and Breakoff: Survey Nonconsent Rate -- Survey Breakoff Rates -- Effect of Survey Breakoff on Sample Characteristics -- Conclusions -- Chapter Ten: Service Member Tolerance of the RAND Form: Complaint Rates -- Harm to Victims -- Benefits of the New RAND Survey Using Explicit Questions to Measure Sexual Assault -- Conclusions -- Chapter Eleven: Conclusions and Recommendations for Future Administration -- s of the WGRA: Measurement Approach -- Sample Frame -- Sampling Plan -- Sample Weighting -- Improving Response Rates -- Further Study of Nonresponse Bias and Survey Error -- Frequency of WGRA Administration -- Appendixes: A. Phone Survey Script -- B. Mail Survey (Male and Female Respondent Versions) -- C. Supplementary Tables for Chapter Three -- D. Supplementary Tables for Chapter Seven -- Abbreviations -- References
Introduction -- Follow-up studies of survey nonrespondents -- The efficacy of sampling weights for correcting nonresponse bias -- Investigation of total survey error using official records of reported sexual assaults -- Performance of the sexual assault survey module -- Undercounting and overcounting of service members exposed to sexual assault -- Performance of the sexual harassment and gender discrimination module -- Comparison of events identified by the prior form and RAND forms -- Analysis of survey nonconsent and breakoff -- Service member tolerance of the RAND form -- Conclusions and recommendations for future administrations of the WGRA -- Appendix A. Phone survey script -- Appendix B. Mail survey (male and female respondent versions) -- Appendix C. Supplementary tables for Chapter 3 -- Appendix D. Supplementary tables for Chapter 11
Summary "In early 2014, the Department of Defense Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office asked the RAND National Defense Research Institute to conduct an independent assessment of the rates of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and gender discrimination in the military -- an assessment last conducted in 2012 by the Department of Defense using the Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members. The resulting RAND Military Workplace Study invited close to 560,000 U.S. service members to participate in a survey fielded in August and September of 2014. This volume presents the results of methodological investigations into sources of potential bias in the survey estimates for active- and reserve-component service members. It includes evaluations of follow-up studies of survey nonrespondents and the efficacy of sampling weights to correct nonresponse bias, an assessment of total survey error using an administrative records benchmark, estimates of potential under- and overcounting of service members exposed to sexual assault, comparisons of events identified by prior survey forms and the RAND forms, analysis of survey non-consent and breakoff, and evaluation of service member tolerance of the RAND forms. In the final chapter, the report draws conclusions and recommendations for future administrations of sexual assault and harassment surveys in the military"--Publisher's description
Notes "March 16, 2016"--Table of contents page
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 237-240)
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (RAND, viewed March 22, 2016)
Subject Sexual harassment in the military -- United States
Rape in the military -- United States
Women soldiers -- Crimes against -- United States
Soldiers -- Crimes against -- United States
Sex discrimination -- United States
Social surveys -- United States
SOCIAL SCIENCE -- Sexual Abuse & Harassment.
HISTORY -- Military -- Other.
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING -- Military Science.
Rape in the military.
Sex discrimination.
Sexual harassment in the military.
Social surveys.
United States -- Armed Forces -- Women -- Crimes against
United States.
Form Electronic book
Author Morral, Andrew R., editor.
Gore, Kristie L., editor
Schell, Terry L., 1967- editor.
National Defense Research Institute (U.S.), issuing body, publishing body.
United States. Department of Defense. Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office, commissioning body
ISBN 9780833092823
0833092820
Other Titles Investigations of Potential Bias in Estimates from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study