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Title The Evolution of Matter : From the Big Bang to the Present Day / Igor Tolstikhin, Jan Kramers
Published Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2008


Description 1 online resource (532 pages)
Contents Cover; Half-title; Title; Copyright; Contents; Introduction; Part I: The elements ; 1 Isotopes: weights and abundances; 1.1 Introduction: nuclei and their behaviour; 1.2 Atomic nuclei and binding energy, with some predictions on isotope abundances; Mass, energy and binding energy; Relationships between binding energy and atomic mass; Odd, even and even-odd families; Heavy elements and radioactive isotopes; 1.3 Summary; 2 Introduction to the Universe: the baryonic matter; 3 Element and isotope abundances: reference collection; 3.1 Hydrogen and helium and their special significance
3.2 Metal-poor stars: the most ancient matter of the Galaxy3.3 Presolar grains; 3.4 The solar system element and isotope abundances; Environments, processes and behaviour of the elements: some phenomenology; C1-meteorite, solar and terrestrial element and isotope abundances: a comparison; Solar system elemental and isotope abundances; Solar system sample of short-lived nuclides; 3.5 Summary; 4 Cosmological nucleosynthesis: production of H and He; 4.1 The expanding Universe and the Big Bang hypothesis; 4.2 Big Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN); 4.3 The age of the Universe
Distance-redshift relationship: Doppler effect and redshiftDistance-redshift relationship: distances; The Hubble parameter and the age of the Universe; 4.4 Summary; 5 Stellar nucleosynthesis: lower-mass stars and the s-process; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Formation of stars; 5.3 Hydrogen and He burning and the evolution of a low-mass star; Hydrogen burning; Helium burning; 5.4 Slow nucleosynthesis (s-process); What is meant by ""slow""?; Neutron sources; S-process and non-s-process species; Comparison of model-derived and observed s-process nuclide abundances
Stellar B-decay enhancement: are the decay constants really constant and are the stable isotopes really stable?Branching: isotope abundance as a measure of neutron density in the s-process environment; 5.5 Summary; 6 Stellar nucleosynthesis: r- and associated processes; 6.1 Introduction to rapid nucleosynthesis (r-process): what does ""rapid"" mean?; 6.2 Evolution of massive stars; 6.3 Core-collapse supernovae (SNe II) and rapid nucleosynthesis Supernovae type II (SNe II) ; Explosive nucleosynthesis: r-process and explosive burning; Associated p-, y- and v- process
Special significance of 56 Ni and 44 Ti: bright isotopic candles 6.4 SNe Ia: nucleosynthesis and luminosity; 6.5 Summary; 7 Timing of stellar nucleosynthesis; 7.1 Cosmochronology from long-lived radioactive elements; 7.2 The uranium isotopes: age and evolution of stellar nucleosynthesis; 7.3 The age of stellar clusters: luminosity temperature relationships; 7.4 Summary; 8 Chemical evolution of the Galaxy; 8.1 Introduction: processes governing galactic chemical evolution; 8.2 Milky Way evolution; The [Fe/H]-age reference evolution; The CNO elements
Summary The Evolution of Matter explains how all matter in the Universe developed following the Big Bang and through subsequent stellar processes. It describes the evolution of interstellar matter and its differentiation during the accretion of the planets and the history of the Earth. Unlike many books on geochemistry, this volume follows the chemical history of matter from the very beginning to the present, demonstrating connections in space and time. It provides also solid links from cosmochemistry to the geochemistry of Earth. The book presents comprehensive descriptions of the various isotope sys
Notes Title from publishers bibliographic system (viewed on 10 Sep 2010)
Subject Isotope geology.
Interstellar matter.
Molecular evolution.
Interstellar matter
Isotope geology
Molecular evolution
Form Electronic book
Author Tolstikhin, Igor
Kramers, Jan
Cambridge University Press.
ISBN 9780511535604
OTHER TI Cambridge books online