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Author Lembessis, Vassilis E., author.

Title Taming atoms : the renaissance of atomic physics / Vassilis E. Lembessis
Published Bellingham, Washington : SPIE Press, [2020]
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Description 1 online resource
Series SPIE Press monograph ; PM317
SPIE monograph ; PM317
Contents Preface -- 1. The atom: from philosophical reflection to the testimony of science: 1.1. A philosophical perspective and the pioneers of chemistry; 1.2. Proclamation of stormy winds; 1.3. The atom as a self-contained and complex entity; 1.4. Atomic models; 1.5. Bohr's model; 1.6. Particles as waves; 1.7. The nature of material waves: the ultimate prevalence of quantum physics; 1.8. An uncertain world; 1.9. Matter and antimatter; 1.10. A strange world; References -- 2. The classical period: 2.1. Tribute to the pioneers; 2.2. The three basic processes; 2.3. Experiments in the classical period; References -- 3. The modern period: the advent of the laser: 3.1. And it was ... a laser; 3.2. Interaction of an atom with an electromagnetic field; 3.3. Atom trapping; 3.4. Cooling of atoms; 3.5. The first experiments; 3.6. Other mechanisms of deceleration of atomic motion; References -- 4. Doughnuts from light: 4.1. A new generation of lasers; 4.2. Production of optical vortices; 4.3. Angular momentum and spin of photons; 4.4. Mechanical effects of optical vortices on atoms; References -- 5. Bose-Einstein condensation: 5.1. Bose-Einstein condensation; 5.2. Adventures in experimental achievement; References -- 6. The atom laser and atom optics: 6.1. The atom laser; 6.2. Atom optics phenomena; 6.3. A broad range of potential applications; References
13. Optical tweezers: the toolbox of the microworld: 13.1. Principle of operation; 13.2. The road to optical tweezers; 13.3. Optical tweezers in biology; 13.4. Optical tweezers in micromechanics; 13.5. Modeling of thermodynamical systems and study of the fundamental principles of physics; 13.6. Optical tweezers in colloidal systems and in chemistry; 13.7. Prospects of optical tweezers; References -- 14. Epilogue -- prospects: References -- Bibliography -- Acronyms and abbreviations -- Glossary of terms -- Index
7. Optical lattices: 7.1. Creating an optical lattice; 7.2. Optical and crystal lattices; 7.3. Optical conveyor belts for atoms; 7.4. A wide variety of geometrical patterns; 7.5. Investigation of fundamental quantum effects; References -- 8. Optical lattices: applications: 8.1. Simulations of one-dimensional quantum effects; 8.2. Quantum phase changes; 8.3. Nonlinear dynamics in periodic potentials; 8.4. Prospects; References -- 9. Cold atoms and quantum computation; 9.1. The basic elements of quantum computation; 9.2. Quantum computation with trapped ions; 9.3. Quantum computation with optical lattices; References -- 10. Quantum simulation of magnetic and electric fields: 10.1. Artificial fields with rotating trapped atoms; 10.2. Artificial fields from adiabatic processes; 10.3. Artificial fields in free space and in optical lattices; 10.4. Simulation of spin; References -- 11. Desktop cosmology: 11.1. Theory of general relativity and optics; 11.2. Optical black holes; 11.3. Hawking Radiation in a lab? References -- 12. Atomic clocks: 12.1. The pioneers; 12.2. Principle of operation; 12.3. New possibilities and challenges; 12.4. Reading the time in an atomic clock; 12.5. Atomic clocks in space; 12.6. Practical applications; References
Summary "The last four decades have witnessed a renaissance of atomic physics thanks to the spectacular theoretical and experimental achievements in atom cooling and trapping. These advancements have made major contributions to achieving complete control over single quantum systems. Applications such as atom lasers, quantum computers, optical tweezers, atomic conveyor belts, quantum simulators, among others, will be fundamental to future technologies. This book-whose author has been actively researching the field for about three decades-is the first to popularize the field of atomic physics and aims to help a broad audience fully appreciate the mentioned advancements. It provides the basic prerequisite knowledge, the historical and scientific roots of the field, and the most important applications. Taming the Atom is written for science students, science fans, educators, and science communicators. The rich bibliography makes it also useful for graduate students and researchers in the field"-- Provided by publisher
Notes Title from PDF title page (SPIE eBooks Website, viewed 2020-06-23)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Atomic theory.
Atomic theory
Form Electronic book
Author Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, publisher.
ISBN 1510635203
9781510635203