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Book Cover
Author L'Annunziata, Michael F

Title Radioactivity : Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks
Edition 2nd ed
Published Atlanta : Elsevier Science, 2016


Description 1 online resource (934 pages)
Contents Front Cover; Radioactivity: Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks; How to Use; Radioactivity: Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; About the Author; Foreword; Preface to the First Edition; Preface to the Second Edition; Acronyms, Abbreviations and Symbols; Introduction; 1 -- Radioactivity and Our Well-Being; 1.1 HUMAN HEALTH; 1.1.1 X-Ray Diagnostic Radiography; 1.1.2 X-Ray Computed Tomography; 1.1.3 Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography; 1.1.4 Positron Emission Tomography; 1.1.5 Radiation Therapy
1.1.5.a External Beam Radiation Therapy1.1.5.b Brachytherapy; 1.1.5.c Proton Beam and Heavy Ion Therapy; 1.1.5.d Boron Neutron Capture Therapy; 1.1.6 Radioactive Nanoparticles in Cancer Imaging and Therapy; 1.2 BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH; 1.3 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE; 1.3.1 Insect Pest Control; 1.3.2 Fertilizer and Water Use Efficiency; 1.3.2.a Fertilizer Use Efficiency; 1.3.2.b Soil Moisture Neutron Gauge; 1.3.2.c Cosmic Ray Soil Moisture Observing System; 1.3.2.d Isotopic Water Signatures; 1.3.3 Animal Health and Production; 1.3.4 Plant Breeding; 1.4 WATER RESOURCES; 1.5 MARINE RESOURCES
1.5.1 Climate Change and Marine Acidification1.5.2 Ocean Water Transport and Circulation; 1.5.3 Harmful Algal Blooms in Marine Coastal Waters; 1.5.4 Other Isotope Applications in Marine Science; 1.6 RADIATION TECHNOLOGY; 1.6.1 Research Reactors and Accelerators; 1.6.2 Neutron Diffraction and Scattering; 1.6.3 Neutron Radiography; 1.6.4 Neutron Activation Analysis; 1.6.5 X-Ray Diffraction, Emission, and Fluorescence Analysis; 1.6.5.a X-Ray Diffraction/Crystallography; 1.6.5.b Proton-Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE); 1.6.5.c X-Ray Fluorescence; 1.6.6 Radiation Processing; 1.7 NUCLEAR POWER
1.7.1 Nuclear Fission1.7.2 Desalination; 1.7.3 Nuclear Fusion; 1.7.3.a Principles; 1.7.3.b Past and Future Developments; 1.7.3.c Fusion Power Reactor; 1.7.3.d Plasma Magnetic Confinement; 1.7.3.e Size and Energy Output of the ITER Tokamak; 1.7.3.f Advantages of Fusion; 1.8 SUMMARY; 2 -- Basic Concepts and Definitions; 2.1 PROPERTIES OF ATOMIC CONSTITUENTS; 2.2 NUCLIDE NOMENCLATURE; 2.3 MASS AND ENERGY; 2.4 Q VALUE; 2.5 NATURALLY OCCURRING RADIONUCLIDES; 2.5.1 Radionuclides of Cosmogenic Origin; 2.5.2 Long-Lived Radionuclides; 2.5.3 Natural Radioactive Decay Chains
2.6 ARTIFICIALLY PRODUCED RADIONUCLIDES3 -- Hall of Fame: Part I; DEMOCRITUS (C.460-C.370BC); WILHELM C. RONTGEN (1845-1923); IVAN PAVLOVICH PULUJ (A.K.A. JOHANN PULUJ 1845-1918); HENRI BECQUEREL (1852-1908); PIERRE CURIE (1859-1906) AND MARIE CURIE (1867-1934); PAUL VILLARD (1860-1934); ERNEST RUTHERFORD (1871-1937); JOHANNES ̀€̀€HANS'' GEIGER (1882-1945); HENDRICK A. LORENTZ (1853-1928); JAMES CLERK MAXWELL (1831-1879); PIETER ZEEMAN (1865-1943); JEAN B. PERRIN (1870-1942); JOSEPH JOHN THOMSON (1856-1940); HANTARO NAGAOKA (1865-1950); PHILIPP LENARD (1862-1947); 4 -- Alpha Radiation
Summary Radioactivity: Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks, Second Edition provides a greatly expanded overview of radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth, radiation of cosmic origins, and an introduction to the atom and its nucleus. The book also includes historical accounts of the lives, works, and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates from 1895 to the present. These leaders in the field have contributed to our knowledge of the science of the atom, its nucleus, nuclear decay, and subatomic particles that are part of our current knowledge of the structure of matter, including the role of quarks, leptons, and the bosons (force carriers). Users will find a completely revised and greatly expanded text that includes all new material that further describes the significant historical events on the topic dating from the 1950s to the present
Notes 4.1 introduction
Print version record
Subject Radioactivity -- History
Nuclear physicists.
nuclear physicists.
SCIENCE -- Physics -- Quantum Theory.
Nuclear physicists
Genre/Form History
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9780444634962