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Title CRISIS IN CENTRAL AMERICA : regional dynamics and u s. policy in the 1980s
Published [Place of publication not identified] : ROUTLEDGE, 2019
Online access available from:
ProQuest Ebook Central    View Resource Record  


Description 1 online resource (1 volume)
Contents Preface -- Introduction -- U.S. Policy in Central America: Recasting Hegemony -- U.S. Policy Toward Central America: The Post-Vietnam Formula Under Siege -- The Reagan Administration, Congress, and Central America: The Search for Consensus -- Central American Refugees and U.S. Policy -- "Low Intensity Warfare": The Counterinsurgency Strategy for Central America -- Negotiation in Conflict: Central America and Contadora -- Central America: External Pressures and Internal Dynamics -- The Central American Economy: Conflict and Crisis -- The Central American Crisis and the Common Market -- The Hidden War: Guatemala's Counterinsurgency Campaign -- Exporting Democracy: The Unanticipated Effects of U.S. Electoral Policy in E1 Salvador -- Civil War, Reform, and Reaction in El Salvador -- The Nicaraguan Experiment: Characteristics of a New Economic Model -- A Multitude of Voices: Religion and the Central American Crisis -- Central America and the United States: A Chronology of Events from 1979 to 1987
Summary In the early years of the recent Central American crisis, analysts often predicted a rapid, dramatic resolution--whether by revolutionary victory or through military intervention by the United States. The 1980s, however, have witnessed an intensification of conflicts with increasing U.S. involvement. Rather than standing at the brink of a sharp turning point, Central America is at an interim point in an evolving historical process. This text provides an assessment of this process and of its immediate and long-term implications for the region and for U.S.-Latin American relations. It focuses on the complex and contradictory effects of the Reagan administration's efforts to influence the Central American debate within the United States and to reestablish U.S. hegemony in the region itself. The first part of the book examines the development of various aspects of U.S. policy toward Central America. In particular, contributors discuss the interaction between the executive and legislative branches in shaping U.S. strategy, the implications for constitutional democracy of presidential control over foreign policymaking, the treatment of Central American refugees, the counterinsurgency strategy of "low intensity warfare," and the effects of U.S. policy on regional peace initiatives put forward by Mexico and other Latin American countries. In the second part, contributors analyze external pressures on Central American countries and regional dynamics. They begin with a discussion of the economic crisis--aggravated by conflicts in the region--and regional integration. Other topics include the ambiguous position of the Catholic church, Guatemala's "hidden war," "demonstration elections," the changing balance of forces in El Salvador, and the obstacles Nicaragua faces in constructing a new economic development model. Nora Hamilton is associate professor of political science and Linda Fuller is assistant professor of sociology at the University of Southern California. Jeffry A. Frie
Notes Print version record
Subject Diplomatic relations.
Politics and government.
Central America -- Foreign relations -- United States.
Central America -- Politics and government -- 1979-
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1981-1989.
United States -- Foreign relations -- Central America.
Central America.
United States.
Form Electronic book
Author Hamilton, Nora, 1935-
ISBN 0429044089