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Title Transparent communication of health risks : overcoming cultural differences / Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Mirta Galesic, editors
Published New York, NY : Springer, ©2013


Description 1 online resource
Contents Cultural Differences in the Understanding of Health-Related Risks -- Statistical Numeracy for Health / Mirta Galesic, Rocio Garcia-Retamero -- How to Measure Risk Comprehension in Educated Samples / Edward T. Cokely, Saima Ghazal, Mirta Galesic, Rocio Garcia-Retamero -- Graph Literacy for Health / Mirta Galesic, Rocio Garcia-Retamero -- Public Knowledge of Benefits of Breast and Prostate Cancer Screening / Gerd Gigerenzer, Jutta Mata, Ronald Frank -- Symptom Recognition of Heart Attack and Stroke / Jutta Mata, Ronald Frank, Gerd Gigerenzer -- Transparent Communication of Health-Related Risks Across Cultures -- Communicating Information About Preventive Medical Treatments and Screenings / Mirta Galesic, Rocio Garcia-Retamero -- Helping People Memorize Consequences of Risky Behaviors / Mirta Galesic, Rocio Garcia-Retamero -- Improving the Understanding of Treatment Risk Reduction / Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Mirta Galesic -- Reducing Denominator Neglect / Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Mirta Galesic, Mandeep K. Dhami -- Reducing the Effect of Framed Messages About Health / Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Edward T. Cokely, Mirta Galesic -- Overcoming Cultural Differences in Decision Making About Health -- Transparent Health Information in the Media / Stephanie M. Müller, Nicolai Bodemer, Yasmina Okan, Rocio Garcia-Retamero -- On the Effect of Individual Differences on Shared Decision Making / Mirta Galesic, Rocio Garcia-Retamero -- Conclusions and Appendix -- Guidelines for Transparent Communication in a Globalized World / Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Mirta Galesic -- Appendix: Numeracy and Graph Literacy Scales / Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Mirta Galesic
Summary Recent research in health decision making has shown that many patients, even those with a college education, have difficulties grasping a host of numerical concepts, including percentages and probabilities. Yet, basic numeracy and graph literacy are essential for understanding information relevant to making decisions about health, such as the incidence and prevalence of different diseases, risk reductions from medical screenings and treatments, and risk increases from side effects of treatments and unhealthy behaviors. Patients who have problems understanding such numerical concepts are often prone to errors in risk perception and medical choices. Importantly, informed medical decision making, heavily reinforced these days by the legal requirement for informed consent, depends critically on communication of quantitative medical information. Meeting the challenge of effectively communicating medical information to patients with different levels of numeracy and graph literacy has become more important than ever. Transparent Communication of Health Risks describes a series of cross-cultural studies investigating how people in countries with different medical and educational systems understand numerical and graphical information, what they know about existing medical treatments and screenings, which presentation formats help them better understand the relevant information, and how they use the data to make medical decisions. Focusing on the careful measurement of necessary knowledge and skills, the book also includes validated numeracy and graph literacy scales in English, Spanish, and German. Some of the topics covered in the book are:numeracy and graph literacy for health;measuring risk comprehension in educated samples;communicating information about medical treatment and screening;reducing the effect of framed messages about health;the effect of individual differences on shared decision making; andtransparent health information in the media. Transparent Communication of Health Risks emphasizes the importance and value of working toward the development of tailored risk communication interventions and clarifies the tasks ahead for health psychologists, public health professionals, pharmaceutical and medical education companies, medical physicists, and nurses
Analysis Medicine
Practice of medicine
Medicine & Public Health
Health Administration
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Health risk communication.
Cultural pluralism.
Cultural Diversity
Health Status Indicators
HEALTH & FITNESS -- Diseases -- General.
HEALTH & FITNESS -- Health Care Issues.
MEDICAL -- Diseases.
MEDICAL -- Health Care Delivery.
MEDICAL -- Health Policy.
MEDICAL -- Public Health.
SOCIAL SCIENCE -- Disease & Health Issues.
Health risk communication.
Genre/Form Electronic books
Form Electronic book
Author García Retamero, Rocío.
Galesic, Mirta.
ISBN 9781461443582