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Author Levaillant, Jean-Marc, author

Title Normal and abnormal fetal face atlas : ultrasonographic features / Jean-Marc Levaillant, Jean-Philippe Bault, Bernard Benoit, Gérard Couly
Published Cham, Switzerland : Springer, [2017]
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Description 1 online resource : illustrations
Contents Foreword; Acknowledgements; Contents; 1: Introduction Craniofacial Epigenesis in Vertebrates; 1.1 The Key Stages in Craniofacial Development; 1.1.1 Cell Death; 1.1.2 Genetic Determinants and Differentiation of Intra-Ưprominence Cellular Phenotypes; 1.2 Cellular Phenotypes Originating from the Neural Crest (Fig. 1.15); 1.3 Summary; 2: Normal Face; 2.1 What Is Included in a Basic Sonographic Survey and a Diagnostic Sonographic Survey?; 2.2 Routine Trimester Examinations; 2.2.1 First Trimester; 2.2.1.1 What 3D Can Do; 2.2.2 The Second and Third Trimesters
2.2.2.1 Proposed Screening Protocol2.2.2.2 Analysis of Sagittal and Parasagittal Views; 2.2.2.3 Analysis of the Axial Views; 2.2.2.4 Analysis of the Frontal View; 2.2.3 Spotlight on the Third Trimester; 2.2.3.1 What 3D Can Do; 2.3 Biometrics of the Face; 2.3.1 Thickness of the Forehead Skin; 2.3.2 Length of Philtrum; 2.3.3 The Nasal Bones; 2.4 Facial Angles; 2.4.1 Upper Facial Angle; 2.4.2 Lower Facial Angle; 2.4.3 Measurements of the Inter-Ưorbital Distance; 2.4.4 Measurements and Views of the Mandibular and Maxillary Width; 2.4.4.1 Comments; 2.5 Practical Review Work
3.1.3.3 Basic Principles for Obtaining 2D and 3D Views3.1.3.4 HD LIVE: Contribution to an Aesthetic Prognosis; 3.1.4 Cleft Algorithm; 3.1.5 Ultrasound Diagnosis of Labioalveolar-Palatal Clefts: Summary; 3.1.6 The Decision-Making Process After the Discovery of a Facial Cleft; 3.2 Pierre-Robin Syndrome; 3.2.1 How to Screen for Retrognathia; 3.2.1.1 Retrognathia and the Inferior Facial Angle; 3.2.1.2 Axial View of the Jaws; 3.2.1.3 Glossoptosis; 3.2.2 What to Look for in Cases of Retrognathia; 3.2.2.1 Stickler Syndrome; 3.2.2.2 The 22q Deletion; 3.2.2.3 Fetal Alcoholism
3.2.2.4 Treacher-Collins Syndrome3.2.2.5 Pierre Robin Syndrome: Non-isolated Syndrome; 4: Dysmorphism; 4.1 How to Define Objective Facial Dysmorphism; 4.2 Tools for This Study; 4.3 Dysmorphism of Major Chromosomal Anomalies; 4.3.1 Trisomy 21; 4.3.2 Trisomy 18; 4.3.3 Trisomy 13; 4.4 Upper Face Pathologies; 4.4.1 Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome; 4.4.2 Craniostenosis; 4.4.2.1 Examples of Syndrome Craniostenosis; 4.4.2.2 DiGeorge Syndrome; 4.4.2.3 Microcephaly; 4.5 Mid-Face Pathologies; 4.5.1 Achondroplasia; 4.5.2 Maxillo-Facial Dysplasia: Binder Syndrome; 4.5.3 Thanatophoric Dysplasia
3: Clefts and Pierre-Robin Syndrome3.1 Clefts; 3.1.1 Introduction; 3.1.1.1 Why screen?; 3.1.1.2 Face and Brain: The Key Combinations of Pathologies to Know; 3.1.1.3 Facial Clefts and the Nose-Mouth Image During the Second and Third Trimesters, at 22 GW and 32 GW; 3.1.2 Symptomatic Analysis of Clefts; 3.1.2.1 Unilateral Cleft Lip; 3.1.2.2 Bilateral Cleft Lip; 3.1.2.3 What 3D Can Do; 3.1.3 Ultrasound Diagnosis of Clefts: Analytical Study; 3.1.3.1 Analytical Study of First Trimester Clefts; What 3D Can Do; 3.1.3.2 Analytical Study of Clefts from the 2nd Trimester
Summary This atlas offers a guide to studying the fetal face by means of ultrasound analysis. It describes key phases in cranial-facial development, allowing the reader to learn the related semiology from its most simple iteration to the most complex one. The overall examination of a newbornℓ́ℓs face offers a rich source of information and can guide the general examination. The same applies in the context of fetal ultrasound examination. The analytical study of the fetal face not only makes it possible to screen for anomalies related to the face itself, but also yields valuable insights into the brain, the limbs, and the heart. In addition, it allows ultra-sonographers to unravel the puzzle of fetal dimorphism. Written in a pedagogical style, the book guides walks the reader through the diagnostic reasoning process step by step. The authors are pioneers in this field and teach in various university and masterℓ́ℓs degree ultrasound programs. Their aim is to share with readers their diagnostic approaches and their knowledge and passion for 2D and 3D ultrasound techniques. Each chapter includes algorithms, biometry curves, and simple guidelines that allow users to go ℓ́ℓfrom sign to syndromeℓ́ℓ. The first chapter, which focuses on innovative embryology adapted to the needs of ultra-sonographers, was written by G©♭rard Couly, a maxilla-facial surgeon and the founding father of the specialty
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (EBSCO, viewed March 12, 2017)
Subject Face -- Abnormalities -- Ultrasonic imaging.
Face -- Ultrasonic imaging.
Fetus -- Abnormalities -- Ultrasonic imaging.
Fetus -- Ultrasonic imaging.
Form Electronic book
Author Bault, Jean-Philippe, author
Benoit, Bernard, 1953- author
Couly, G. (Gérard), author
ISBN 3319437690 (electronic bk.)
9783319437699 (electronic bk.)