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Book Cover
Author American Water Works Association.

Title Water quality and treatment : a handbook of community water supplies / American Water Works Association ; Frederick W. Pontius, technical editor
Edition Fourth edition
Published New York : McGraw-Hill, [1990]


Location Call no. Vol. Availability
 W'PONDS  628.160973 Ame/Wqa 1990  AVAILABLE
Description xiv, 1194 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents Machine derived contents note: Chapter 1: DRINKING WATER QUALITY STANDARDS, REGULATIONS, AND GOALS. -- Early Development of Drinking Water Standards. -- Early History of U.S. Federal Drinking Water Standards. -- The Safe Drinking Water Act; Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments. -- 1988 Lead Contamination Control Act. -- 1996 Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments. -- Development of National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. -- International Drinking Water Standards. -- Trends for the Future. -- Chapter 2: HEALTH AND AESTHETIC ASPECTS OF WATER QUALITY. -- Waterborne Disease Outbreaks. -- Pathogenic Organisms. -- Indicators and Indicator Organisms. -- The Health Effects of Chemicals. -- Inorganic Constituents. -- Organic Constituents. -- Disinfectants and Disinfection By-Products. -- Radionuclides. -- Chapter 3: GUIDE TO SELECTION OF WATER TREATMENT PROCESSES. -- Water Supply Approaches. -- Factors Influencing Process Selection. -- Evaluating Process Options. Examples of Treatment Process Selection. -- Chapter 4: SOURCE WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT. -- Groundwater. -- Groundwater Source Quality: Relationship with Surface Water and Regulation. -- General Overview of Groundwater Sources and Impacts on Their Quality. -- Patterns of Private and Public Groundwater Source Uses: Quality Management Issues. -- Surface Water. -- Quality Management of Surface Water Sources. -- Chapter 5: AIR STRIPPING AND AERATION. -- Theory of Gas Transfer. -- Unit Operations. -- Diffused or Bubble Aeration. -- Surface Aeration. -- Spray Aerators. -- Chapter 6: COAGULATION AND FLOCCULATION. -- Definitions. -- Contaminants. -- Stability of Particle Suspensions. -- Coagulants. -- The Flocculation Process. -- Chapter 7: SEDIMENTATION AND FLOTATION. -- History of Sedimentation. -- Sedimentation Theory. -- Operational and Design Considerations for Sedimentation. -- Dissolved-Air Flotation. -- Theory of Dissolved-Air Flotation. -- Operational and Design Considerations for Flotation. Applications. -- Nomenclature. -- Chapter 8. GRANULAR BED AND PRECOAT FILTRATION. -- An Overview of Potable Water Filtration. -- Filter Media; Hydraulics of Flow Through Porous Media; Rapid Granular Bed Filtration. -- Theory of Rapid Filtration and Modeling. -- Rapid Filter Performance. -- Direct Filtration. -- Flow Control in Filtration. -- Backwashing of Rapid Filters. -- Problems in Rapid Filters. -- Pressure Granular Bed Filters. -- Slow Sand Filters. -- Precoat Filtration. -- Other Filters. -- Emerging Technology. -- Waste Disposal. -- Chapter 9: ION EXCHANGE AND INORGANIC ADSORPTION. Introduction and Theory of Ion Exchange. -- Ion Exchange Materials and Reactions. -- Ion Exchange Equilibrium. -- Ion Exchange and Adsorption Kinetics. -- Column Processes and Calculations. -- Design Considerations. -- Cocurrent Versus Countercurrent Regeneration. -- Applications of Ion Exchange and Adsorption. -- Barium Removal by Ion Exchange. -- Radium Removal by Ion Exchange. -- Nitrate Removal by Ion Exchange. -- Fluoride Removal by Activated Alumina. -- Arsenic Removal by Resins and Alumina. -- Chromate Removal by Anion Exchange. -- Color and Organics Removal by Resins. -- Uranium Removal by Anion Exchange. -- Perchlorate Removal by Anion Exchange. -- Waste Disposal. -- Chapter 10: CHEMICAL PRECIPITATION. -- Fundamentals of Chemical Precipitation. -- Water Softening by Chemical Precipitation. -- Removal of Nominal Organic Material. -- Removal of Other Contaminants by Precipitation. -- Chapter 11: MEMBRANES. -- Classifications and Configurations of Membrane Processes. -- Membrane Properties and Rejection Characteristics. Mass Transport and Separation. -- Process Design Criteria. -- Waste Disposal. -- Chapter 12. CHEMICAL OXIDATION. -- Principles of Oxidation. -- Oxidants Used in Water Treatment. -- Applications of Oxidation Processes. -- Formation of Disinfection (and Oxidation) By-Products. Chapter 13: ADSORPTION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. Adsorption Theory. -- GAC Adsorption Systems. -- Performance of GAC Systems. -- GAC Performance Estimation. -- PAC Adsorption Systems. -- PAC Performance. -- Thermal Reactivation of GAC; Adsorption of Organic Matter on Resins. -- Chapter 14: DISINFECTION. -- History of Disinfection. -- Disinfectants and Theory of Disinfection. -- Disinfectant Demand Reactions. -- Assessment of Microbial Quality (Indicators). -- Pathogens of Concern. -- Disinfection Kinetics. -- The CT Approach in Regulation. -- UV Processes. -- Mode of Action of Disinfectants. -- Disinfectant Residuals for Posttreatment Protection. Application of Technologies. -- Use of Multiple Disinfectants. -- Relative Comparisons. -- Diagnostics and Troubleshooting. -- Chapter 15: WATER FLUORIDATION. -- History. -- Recent Studies. -- Present Status of Fluoridation. -- Theory. -- Operational and Design Consideration. -- Application. -- Chapter 16: WATER TREATMENT PLANT RESIDUALS MANAGEMENT. -- Quantity of Solid/Liquid Residuals Generated. -- Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Solid/Liquid Residuals. -- Thickening Solid/Liquid Residuals. -- Nonmechanical Dewatering of Solid/Liquid Residuals. Mechanical Dewatering of Solid/Liquid Residuals. -- Recycle. -- Membrane and Ion Exchange Residuals. -- Ultimate Disposal and Utilization of Solids. -- Chapter 17: INTERNAL CORROSION AND DEPOSITION CONTROL. -- Corrosion, Passivation, and Immunity. -- Types of Corrosion. -- Physical Factors Affecting Corrosion and Metals Release. -- Chemical Factors Affecting Corrosion. -- Corrosion of Specific Materials. -- Direct Methods for the Assessment of Corrosion. -- Indirect Methods for the Assessment of Corrosion. -- Corrosion Control Alternatives. -- Acknowledgments. -- Chapter 18: MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY CONTROL IN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS. -- General Considerations for Contamination Prevention. Engineering Considerations for Contamination Prevention. -- Factors Contributing to Microbial Quality Deterioration. -- Microbial Quality of Distributed Water. -- Microbial Colonization Factors. -- Monitoring Factors
Notes Previous edition entitled: Water quality and treatment: a handbook of public water supplies
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Subject Water quality.
Water -- Purification -- United States.
Water -- Purification.
Water-supply -- United States.
Author Pontius, Frederick W.
American Water Works Association.
LC no. 90006192
ISBN 0070015406