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Title Handbook of vanilla science and technology / edited by Dr Daphna Havkin-Frenkel, Rutgers University, NJ, US, Dr Faith C Belanger, Rutgers University, NJ, US
Edition Second edition
Published Hoboken, NJ, USA : Wiley, [2018]

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Description 1 online resource
Contents List of Contributors xix Preface xxi Part I Production of Vanilla -- Agricultural Systems and Curing 1 1 Mexican Vanilla Production 3 ; Juan Hernandez-Hernández 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Cultivation Methods 5 1.3 Vanilla Propagation Techniques 8 1.4 Irrigation 9 1.5 Nutrition 10 1.6 Weed Control 11 1.7 Shade Management (Pruning of Support Trees) 11 1.8 Shoot Management -- Looping 12 1.9 Shoot Management -- Rooting 12 1.10 Main Vanilla Insect Pest 12 1.11 Main Vanilla Diseases 13 1.12 Flowering and Pollination 14 1.13 Harvesting 17 1.14 Green Vanilla Commercialization 19 1.15 Curing 19 1.16 Grading 21 1.17 Buyers 23 1.18 Export Volume 23 1.19 Prices 23 1.20 Aromatic Profile 23 1.21 Summary 24 References 24 2 Vanilla Diseases 27; Juan
Vanillae) 27 2.3 Black Rot (Phytophtora Sp.) 29 2.4 Anthracnose (Colletotrichum Sp.) 30 2.5 Rust (Uromyces Sp.) 31 2.6 Rotting of Recently Planted Cuttings 32 2.7 Yellowing and Shedding of Young Fruits 33 2.8 Viral Diseases 35 2.9 Damage by Adverse Climatic Factors 36 2.10 Damage from Sunburn 37 2.11 Hurricanes 38 References 39 3 Vanilla Production in Costa Rica 41; Elida Varela Quirós 3.1 Introduction 41 3.2 History of Vanilla Production in Costa Rica 42 3.3 Vanilla Production -- The Traditional System 45 3.4 Vanilla Production -- The Intensive System 47 3.5 Propagation 48 3.6 Diseases and Pests 49 3.7 Vanilla Bean Processing 50 3.8 Conclusions 50 References 51 4 Atypical Flowering of Vanilla planifolia in the Region of Junín,
Peru 53; Juan Hernández-Hernández 4.1 Preparation of the "Mother" Plant (Cuttings) 54 4.2 Planting Method 54 4.3 Nutrition 55 4.4 Irrigation 55 4.5 Pests, Disorders and Diseases 57 4.6 Flowering Period 59 4.7 Hand Pollination 60 4.8 Harvesting 61 4.9 Vanilla Curing 62 4.10 Final Comments 62 References 63 5 Vanilla Production in the Context of Culture, Economics, and Ecology of Belize 65; Nelle Gretzinger and Dawn Dean 5.1 Introduction 65 5.2 Discussion 78 Acknowledgments 79 References 82 6 Conservation and Sustainable Use of Vanilla Crop Wild Relatives in Colombia 85; Nicola S
Fall and Future Prospects 111; Paul Bayman 7.1 Introduction 111 7.2 Diversity of Wild Vanilla in Puerto Rico 111 7.3 Rise and Fall: The History of Vanilla Cultivation in Puerto Rico 112 7.4 Socioeconomic Factors Contributing to the Decline of Vanilla 114 7.5 Diseases and Decline 114 7.6 Future Prospects 118 Acknowledgements 118 References 118 8 Origins and Patterns of Vanilla Cultivation in Tropical America (1500-1900): No Support for an Independent Domestication of Vanilla in South America 121; Pesach Lubinsky, Gustavo A. Romero-González, Sylvia M
Heredia, and Stephanie Zabel 8.1 Introduction 121 8.2 The Vanilla Necklace 136 8.3 Summary 138 Acknowledgements 139 References 139 9 Vanilla Production in Australia 147; Richard Exley 9.1 Introduction 147 9.2 History 147 9.3 Species 148 9.4 Climatic Regions of Australia Suitable for Vanilla 148 9.5 Climatic Conditions in the Vanilla Growing Regions 149 9.6 Soil and Nutrients 150 9.7 Watering 150 9.8 Fertilizing 150 9.9 Propagation 150 9.10 Support 151 9.11 Light/Shade 152 9.12 Spacing 153 9.13 Training 154 9.14 Flowering, Fruit Set, Growth,
And Maturation 154 9.15 Harvesting 155 9.16 Curing 155 9.16.1 Overview 155 References 156 10 Vanilla in Dutch Greenhouses: A Discovery -- From Research to Production 157; Filip van Noort 10.1 Introduction 157 10.2 Review of Literature 157 10.3 Flowering 159 10.4 Varieties 161 10.5 Propagation 161 10.6 Feasibility and Conclusions 162 References 163 11 Establishing Vanilla Production and a Vanilla Breeding Program in the Southern United States 165; Alan H
Chambers 11.1 Introduction 165 11.2 Southern Florida Climate 165 11.3 Native and Naturalized Vanilla Species of South Florida 169 11.4 Establishing Vanilla Production in Southern Florida 173 11.5 Vanilla Breeding 175 11.6 Conclusions 178 References 178 12 In Vitro Propagation of Vanilla 181; Rebeca Alicia Menchaca García 12.1 Methods 182 12.2 Results and Discussion 183 12.3 Conclusions 187 References 188 13 Curing of Vanilla 191; Chaim Frenkel, Arvind S
Ranadive, Javier Tochihuitl Vázquez, and Daphna Havkin-Frenkel 13.1 Introduction 191 13.2 Botany of the Vanilla Pod 192 13.3 On-the-vine Curing Process in a Vanilla Pod 195 13.4 Off-the-vine Curing Process of Vanilla Beans 196 13.5 Activity of Hydrolytic Enzymes Occurring in a Curing Vanilla Pod 202 13.6 Activity of Oxidative Enzymes Occurring in a Curing Vanilla Pod 209 13.7 Vanilla Products 212 13.8 Summary and Conclusions 212 13.9 Addendum: Commercial Curing Methods of Green Vanilla Bean 213 References 216 14 Fair Trade -- The Future of Vanilla? 223; Richard J
Brownell Jr 14.1 The Crisis 223 14.2 The Farmer 224 14.3 Fast Forward 226 14.4 Fair Trade -- Background 226 14.5 Commodity Cycles 229 14.6 Issues 230 14.7 Conclusions 233 Part II Authentication and Flavor Analysis 237 15 Quality Control of Vanilla Beans and Extracts 239; Arvind S. Ranadive 15.1 Introduction 239 15.2 Quality Control of Vanilla Beans 239 15.3 Quality Control of Commercial Vanilla Products 249 15.4 Determination of Authenticity of Vanilla Extracts 254 15.5 Summary 259 Acknowledgement 259 References 259 16 Flavor, Quality, and Authentication 261; Patrick G. Hoffman and Charles M
Summary Vanilla is a flavor and fragrance in foods, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and a wealth of other products. Now in its second edition, the Handbook of Vanilla Science and Technology provides a comprehensive and updated review of the science and technology used in these items' production and supply. Featuring contributions from an international range of experts, this revised edition covers a multitude of topics, including agricultural production, global markets, analytical methods, sensory analysis, food and fragrance applications, organic farming and fair trade, botanical diseases, and novel uses
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record and CIP data provided by publisher
Subject Vanilla.
Vanillin.
Vanilla industry.
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING -- Food Science.
Vanilla
Vanilla industry
Vanillin
Form Electronic book
Author Havkin-Frenkel, D. (Daphna), 1951- editor.
Belanger, Faith C., editor
LC no. 2018015790
ISBN 9781119377313
1119377315
9781119377290
1119377293
1119377277
9781119377276