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Book Cover
Author Kasper, Simon, author.

Title Instruction grammar : from perception via grammar to action / Simon Kasper
Published Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter, [2015]


Description 1 online resource (xxvii, 530 pages) : illustrations
Series Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs, 1861-4302 ; volume 293
Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs ; 293.
Contents Acknowledgments; Contents; List of Figures; List of Tables; List of Symbols; Abbreviations; 1 Introduction: the argument of this book; 1.1 Overview: the relationship between syntax and semantics; 1.2 Predicate-argument structures; 1.3 The metaphysics of thematic roles; 1.4 The structure of this book; Part I: Research programme; Introduction; 2 A Culturalistic Pragmatist research programme; 2.1 Research programmes; 2.1.1 On research programmes in general; 2.1.2 The need for a new research programme; 2.2 A new research programme; 2.2.1 The subject-matter of the programme
2.2.2 The "individual" level in the model2.2.3 Observable facts, observations, and heuristics; 2.2.4 Implementing the data level; 2.2.5 Excursus: converging evidence; 2.2.6 Multidisciplinarity; 2.2.7 Species, community, and sciences; 2.3 Excursus: a brief sketch of "Chomskyan Linguistics"; 2.4 Action-theory grounded in lifeworld differentiations; 2.5 Summary of part I; Part II: Grounding the linking competence in subcompetences; Introduction; 3 Perception, conceptualization, and action; 3.1 Perception; 3.1.1 Grounding the talk about perception in practicaldifferentiations
3.1.2 The significance of perception for the linking competence3.1.3 Sensation; The eye; The lateral geniculate nucleus and the primary visual cortex; The integration of basic visual features; Two visual pathways; Motion/movement perception; The embodied nature of the percept; 3.1.4 Determinants in identification (I); Salience and the power of the stimulus; 3.2 Identification and conceptualization: actional notions and their grounding; 3.2.1 Identification in perception and conceptualization for action Determinants in identification (II): pertinence and the power of the perceiver3.2.1.2 Features, affordances, relations, and the power of frequency; Causality as the enhancement of constant conjunctions and stimulus generalization; The actor/cognizer as (limited/self-serving) pragmatic; 3.2.2 Action competence and intersubjectivity; Action competence; Intersubjectivity and understanding action; Reasons and causes; 3.2.3 The significance of attribution for the linking competence; 3.2.4 Case study: attribution in precarious events The research project "Syntax of Hessian Dialects (SyHD)" Scenario D; Scenario B; Scenario F; Evaluation; 3.3 The conceptualization of spatial relations and their coding in language; 3.3.1 The significance of spatial relation conceptualization and coding; 3.3.2 Motivation and exploitation in trajector/landmark-syntactic structure mappings; 3.3.3 Hypostatization and the relationship between trajector/landmark and thing/circumstance; Conceptual metaphor and the status of target domain "concepts"; Affordances again
Summary Bringing together evidence from natural and social sciences, the work introduces the non-reductionist Instruction Grammar programme. Viewed from within the practicalities of the lifeworld, utterances are described as instructions to simulate perceptions and attributions for action. The approach provides solutions to long-standing philosophical problems of cognitive grammar theories and traditionally puzzling syntactic phenomena
Notes Revised thesis (doctoral) - Philipps-Universit├Ąt, Marburg, 2012
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes English
Print version record
Subject Semantics.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9783110430158