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Book Cover
E-book

Title The politics of legislative debates / edited by Hanna Bäck, Marc Debus and Jorge M. Fernandes
Edition First edition
Published Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2021
©2021

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Description 1 online resource : illustrations
Series The Oxford politics of institutions
Contents Cover -- The Politics of Legislative Debates -- Copyright -- Editors -- Acknowledgments -- Contents -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- List of Contributors -- 1: The Politics of Legislative Debates: An Introduction -- Why Study Legislative Debates? -- State of the Art -- Deliberate and Discourse Approaches to the Study of Debates -- Strategic or Rational Approaches to the Study of Legislative Debates -- Approaches Focusing on Individual Characteristics of Representatives -- A Comparative Analysis of Legislative Debates -- Theoretical Framework and Hypotheses -- Empirical Approach -- The Plan of the Book -- References -- 2: Analyzing the Politics of Legislative Debate -- Theorizing the Politics of Legislative Debate -- Parties as Unitary Actors? -- Legislative Debate and Inter-party Politics -- Legislative Debate and Intra-party Politics -- Private Policy Preferences and Public Policy Positions -- Conclusions -- References -- 3: Theories and Empirical Applications of Legislative Debate -- Introduction -- Institutions and Actors of Parliamentary Debate in Parliamentary Systems -- An Intra-Party Theory of Parliamentary Debate -- Theoretical Extensions: Inter-party Conflict and MPs' Roles and Characteristics -- Government vs Opposition in Debate -- Coalition Dynamics in Debate -- Responding to Challenger Parties in Debate -- Policy Extremity -- Expertise, Seniority, and Parliamentary Committees -- Gender Differences in Debate -- Connecting Theory and Empirics: Understanding the Content of Parliamentary Speeches -- Conclusion -- References -- 4: Legislative Speech in Presidential Systems -- Introduction -- Proksch and Slapin's Theory of Parliamentary Debate -- Government vs Opposition -- Coalition Dynamics in Debate -- Responding to Challenger Parties in Debate -- Policy Extremity -- Expertise, Seniority, and Committees
Gender Differences in Debate -- Legislative Speech as Intrinsically Valuable -- Deliberation, Debate, and Transparency -- Measurement -- Legislative Speech in Presidential Systems: Toward an Alternative Approach -- References -- 5: Methods for Analyzing Parliamentary Debates -- Introduction -- Speech-As-Activity -- Innovations in Speech-As-Activity -- Speech-As-Measurement -- Measurement Beyond Ideology -- Innovations in Speech-As-Measurement -- Speech-As-Content -- Innovations in Speech-As-Content -- Causality and Text? -- Conclusions -- References -- 6: Collecting Large-scale Comparative Text: Data on Legislative Debates -- Introduction -- Best Practices for Collecting Large-scale Text Data on Legislative Debates -- An Example: The Updated ParlSpeech Corpora -- Pitfalls of Text-based Inference Across Parliamentary Settings and Languages -- Conclusion -- References -- 7: Argentina: Debates and Consensus in a Post-bipartisan Congress -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Argentina -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 8: Australia: Speaker Time in an Adversarial System -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Australia -- Minority and Majority Government Dynamics in Australia -- Conclusions -- References -- 9: Austria: Individual Talent, Official Functions, and Party Size -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Austria -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 10: Brazil: Legislative Debate under Coalition Presidentialism Model -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background
The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Brazil -- Conclusions -- References -- 11: Canada: Predictors of Floor-Access in the House of Commons, 1988-2019 -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Canada -- Country Specific Section -- Conclusions -- References -- 12: Chile: Examining Differences in Speech Participation in the Chamber of Deputies -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Chile -- Examining the Effects of Electoral Performance and District Location -- Conclusions -- References -- 13: Denmark: Open-list PR and Parliamentary Speech -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Denmark -- Electoral Incentives and Success and Parliamentary Speeches -- Conclusions -- References -- 14: Ecuador: Individual Incentives and the Gendered Path to Power -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Ecuador -- Gender Quotas and the Politics of Legislative Debates -- Conclusions -- References -- 15: Estonia: Quiet in Power, Noisy in Opposition -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Estonia -- Prominence Matters: Additional Determinants of Speech Activism -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 16: European Parliament: Debating in a Legislature with Competing Incentives -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background
The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in the European Parliament -- The Role of Electoral Systems and Rules of Procedure Changes -- The Impact of Electoral Rules -- The Impact of Over-time Changes in Rules of Procedure -- Conclusions -- References -- 17: Finland: Legislative Speechmaking in a Changing Parliament -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Finland -- The Impact of Constitutional Reforms on Legislative Speechmaking -- Conclusions -- References -- 18: France: Talkative MPs under Control -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debates -- The Determinants of Floor Access in France -- Women and Legislative Debates in France: Cherchez la femme -- Conclusions -- References -- 19: Germany: Strong Party Groups and Debates among Policy Specialists -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Germany -- Division of Labor Between Specialists -- Conclusions -- References -- 20: Ghana: The Politics of Legislative Debates in a Hybrid Presidential Regime -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Ghana -- Gender and Party Leadership in Ghana -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Official Documents -- 21: Greece: Debates in a Party-dominated System with Clientelistic Underpinnings -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Greece
Institutional and Contextual Characteristics: District Magnitude and the Eurozone crisis -- Conclusions -- References -- 22: Iceland: Re-election and Career Advancement Motivations in a Permissive Legislature -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Iceland -- Do Primaries Make a Difference for Speechmaking? -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 23: Ireland: The Paradox of a Weak Legislature in a Candidate-centered System -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- (i) Questions to the Taoiseach -- (ii) Leaders' Questions -- (iii) Questions to Ministers -- (iv) Private Notice Questions and Priority Questions -- The Determinants of Floor access in Ireland -- Conclusions -- References -- 24: Israel: Legislative Debates in a Personalized Parliament -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- Parliamentary Group Debates -- Personal Debates -- Hybrid Debates -- Role-based Floor Access -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Israel -- Unpacking the Impact of Debate Categories in the Knesset -- Conclusions -- References -- 25: Italy: Legislative Speeches under Changing Electoral Rules -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- The Institutional Setting of Legislative Debate -- The Determinants of Floor Access in Italy -- The Impact of Electoral Incentives on Speechmaking -- Conclusions -- References -- 26: Japan: Committee-Centered Oversight in a Dominant-Party System -- Introduction -- Institutional and Party System Background -- Effects of the Electoral Reform on Party Politics -- Structure and Arenas of the Policy-making Process in the Diet
Summary "Legislative debates make democracy and representation work. Political actors engage in legislative debates to make their voice heard to voters. Parties use debates to shore up their brand. This book makes the most comprehensive study of legislative debates thus far, looking at the politics of legislative debates in thirty-three liberal democracies in Europe, North America and Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. The book begins with theoretical chapters focused on the key concepts in the study of legislative debates. Michael Laver, Slapin and Proksch, and Taylor examine the politics of legislative debates in parliamentary and presidential democracies. Subsequently, Goplerud makes a critical review of the methodological challenges in the study of legislative debates. Schwalbach and Rauh further discuss the difficulties in the comparative empirical study of debates. Country-chapters offer a wealth of original material organized around structured sections. Each chapter begins with a detailed discussion of the institutional design, focusing on the electoral system, legislative organization, and party parties, to which a section on the formal and informal rules of legislative debates ensues. Next, each country-chapter focuses on analyzing the determinants of floor access, with a particular emphasis on the role of gender, seniority, and legislative party positions, among others. In the concluding chapter, the editors explore comparative patterns and point out to multiple research avenues opened by this edited volume"--Publisher's description
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (Oxford Scholarship Online, viewed on June 17, 2022)
Subject Legislative bodies -- Cross-cultural studies
Debates and debating -- Cross-cultural studies
Legislative hearings.
Debates and debating.
debates.
Debates and debating
Legislative hearings
Form Electronic book
Author Bäck, Hanna, editor.
Debus, Marc, editor.
Fernandes, Jorge M., editor.
ISBN 9780192588906
0192588907
9780192588913
0192588915
9780191883330
0191883336