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Author Parrott, David, author.

Title 1652 : the cardinal, the prince, and the crisis of the Fronde / David Parrott
Edition First edition
Published Oxford ; New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2020
Online access available from:
Oxford Scholarship Online    View Resource Record  


Description 1 online resource (xx, 307 pages ): maps
Contents Cover -- 1652: The Cardinal, the Prince, and the Crisis of the Fronde -- Copyright -- Dediction -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- Dramatis Personae in 1652 -- The Royal Family -- The Court -- The Ministers -- Military commanders initially supporting Mazarin -- Mazarin's 'allies' (less than committed fidèles) -- Mazarin's agents, confidants, and fidèles -- Condé's family, allies, and fidèles -- The Old Fronde and supporters of the cardinal de Retz -- The Parlementaires -- Outside France -- Bourbon Family Tree -- List of Abbreviations -- Manuscript Sources -- Printed Primary Sources
Condé's Situation Deteriorates -- Mazarin's Panic -- Reactions -- Actions -- Bléneau, 6/7 April 1652 -- 4 Towards Stalemate -- The War Intensifies: From Bléneau to the Combat at the Porte Saint-Antoine -- Condé, Paris, and the Princes' Army -- Provincial Unrest -- Military Breakthrough? -- The Peace that Failed -- Stalemate and Mazarin's Second Exile -- 5 The Cost of Civil War -- The Military Collapse beyond the Frontiers during 1652 -- Dunkirk -- Casale-Monferrato -- Barcelona -- War and the Subsistence Economy: Soldiers and Peasants -- 6 Autumn 1652: The Brink of the Precipice?
Lost Opportunities -- The September Campaign -- A Last Chance for Settlement? -- The Trap Closes -- Conclusion: Transactional Politics and the Cankered Decade: France in the 1650s -- The Cankered DecadeHow far could this legacy of building and maintaining parties, -- Bibliography -- Manuscript Sources -- Printed Sources -- Memoires and Journals -- Pamphlets -- General -- Secondary Sources -- Chronology -- Index
Secondary Works -- List of Maps -- 1 Rethinking 1652 -- Introduction: Legacies, Contingency, and Climate -- Richelieu, Mazarin and the Origins of the Fronde, 1624-51 -- Richelieu and the système de l'extraordinaire -- Mazarin, the Regency and the Road to the Fronde -- 2 Mazarin's Fall -- The Prince versus the Cardinal -- Rising tensions: 1646-January 1650 -- The 'Fatal and Unfortunate Day' -- The Crisis: January/February 1651 -- They know not what they do . . . ' -- 'A muertos y a idos no ay amigos' -- 3 Condé's Miscalculation and Mazarin's Gamble -- Condé's Failure to Consolidate His Position
Summary David Parrott's book offers a major re-evaluation of the last year of the Fronde - the political upheaval between 1648 and 1652 - in the making of seventeenth-century France. In late December 1651, Cardinal Mazarin defied the order for his perpetual banishment, and re-entered France at the head of an army. The political and military crisis that followed convulsed the nation, and revived the ebbing fortunes of a revolt led by the cousin of the young Louis XIV, the prince de Conde. The study follows in detail the unfolding political and military events of this year, showing how military success and failure swung between the two sides through the campaign, driving both cardinal and prince into a progressive intensification of the conflict, while simultaneously fuelling a quest for compromise and settlement which nonetheless eluded all the negotiators' efforts. The consequences were devastating for France, as civil war smashed into a fragile ecosystem that was already reeling under the impact of the global cooling of the 'Little Ice Age'. 1652 raises questions about established interpretations of French state-building, the rule of cardinal Mazarin and his predecessor, Richelieu, and their contribution to creating the 'absolutism' of Louis XIV
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Description based on print version record
Subject Fronde.
France -- History -- Louis XIV, 1643-1715.
Genre/Form History
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0191838829
Other Titles Sixteen fifty two