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Author Crush, Jonathan, 1953- author.

Title Living With Xenophobia : Zimbabwean Informal Enterprise in South Africa / Jonathan Crush, Godfrey Tawodzera, Abel Chikanda and Daniel Tevera
Published Baltimore, Maryland : Project Muse, 2017
Baltimore, Md. : Project MUSE, 2017
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (1 PDF (33 pages) :) : illustrations
Series SAMP migration policy series ; no. 77
Migration policy series ; no. 77
Contents Introduction -- Migration for survival -- Experiencing xenophobia -- Responses to xenophobic violence -- Perceptions of government inaction -- Conclusion
Summary This report examines the impact of xenophobic violence on Zimbabweans who are trying to make a living in the South African informal sector and finds that xenophobic violence has several key characteristics that put them at constant risk of losing their livelihoods and their lives. The businesses run by migrants and refugees in the informal sector are a major target of South Africa's extreme xenophobia. Attitudinal surveys clearly show that South Africans differentiate migrants by national origin and that Zimbabweans are amongst the most disliked. This report is based on a survey of informal sector enterprises in Cape Town and Johannesburg; and 50 in-depth interviews with Zimbabwean informal business owners in Cape Town, Johannesburg and Polokwane who had been affected by xenophobic violence. In many areas, community leaders are ineffective in dealing with the violence and, in some cases, they actively foment hostility and instigate attacks. The fact that migrant entrepreneurs provide goods, including food, at competitive prices and offer credit to consumers is clearly insufficient to protect them when violence erupts. However, the deep-rooted crisis in Zimbabwe makes return home a non-viable option and Zimbabweans instead adopt several self-protection strategies, none of which is ultimately an insurance against xenophobic attack. The findings in this report demonstrate that xenophobic violence fails in its two main aims: to drive migrant entrepreneurs out of business and to drive them out of the country
Notes Issued as part of book collections on Project MUSE
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 27-30)
Notes Description based on print version record
Subject Informal sector (Economics) -- South Africa
Xenophobia -- South Africa
Zimbabweans -- South Africa -- Social conditions
Informal sector (Economics)
South Africa
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Form Electronic book
Author Chikanda, Abel, author.
Tawodzera, Godfrey, author.
Tevera, Daniel S., author.
ISBN 1920596399