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Book Cover
Author Hemraj, Mohammed, author

Title Credit rating agencies : self-regulation, statutory regulation and case law regulation in the United States and European Union / Mohammed Hemraj
Published Cham : Springer, 2015


Description 1 online resource
Contents 1. Theories, Rating Failure and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis -- 2. US and EU Soft Law -- Self-regulation.- 3. US Statutory Regulation.- 4. EU Statutory Regulation.- 5. US Case Law Regulation -- 6. Regulation: Success or Failure?
Summary The book examines the role of credit rating agencies (CRAs) in the subprime mortgage crisis. The CRAs are blamed for awarding risky securities ℓ́ℓ3-Aℓ́ℓ investment grade status and then failing to downgrade them quickly enough when circumstances changed, which led to investors suffering substantial losses. The causes identified by the regulators for the gatekeeper failure were conflicts of interest (as the issuers of these securities pay for the ratings); lack of competition (as the Big Three CRAs have dominated the market share); and lack of regulation for CRAs. The book examines how the regulators, both in the US and EU, have sought to address these problems by introducing soft law self-regulation in accordance with the International Organisation of Securities Commissions Code and hard law statutory regulation, such as that found in the ℓ́ℓReform Actℓ́ℓ and ℓ́ℓDodd-Frank Actℓ́ℓ in the US and similar provisions in the EU. The highly topical book examines these provisions in detail by using a doctrinal black-letter law method to assess the success of the regulators in redressing the problems identified. It also examines the US case law regulation relating to the legal liability of CRAs. The book examines whether the regulations introduced have had a deterrent effect on the actions of CRAs, whether investors are compensated for their losses, and how the regulators have dealt with the issues of conflicts of interest and an anti-competitive environment. Should liability be introduced for CRAs through changes in the law so as to compel them to issue reliable ratings and solve the current problems? The book seeks to simplify the complex issues involved and is backed by concrete evidence; as such, it will appeal to both the well-informed and the lay general public who are interested in learning more about the role of CRAs in the sub-prime mortgage crisis and regulatorsℓ́ℓ attempts to remedy the situation. Novice readers can familiarise themselves with the legal and financial terminology used by referring to the glossary at the end of the book
Analysis recht
internationaal recht
international law
private law
Law (General)
Recht (algemeen)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (Ebsco, viewed June 29, 2015)
Subject Credit bureaus -- United States
Credit bureaus -- European Union countries
Financial institutions -- Self-regulation
International law.
International economic & trade law.
Credit bureaus.
European Union countries.
United States.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9783319179278