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Author Wood, Fiona Q

Title The peer review process / Fiona Q. Wood
Published Canberra : Australian Govt. Pub. Service, 1997


Location Call no. Vol. Availability
 W'PONDS  001.440994 Woo/Prp  AVAILABLE
Description xviii, 189 pages ; 25 cm
Series Commissioned report / National Board of Employment, Education and Training ; no. 54
Commissioned report (Australia. National Board of Employment, Education and Training) ; no. 54
Contents 1. Introduction -- 2. Peer review of research grant proposals -- Definition and origin -- Conditions and attributes of effective grants peer review -- Criticisms and limitations of grants peer review -- Peer review in the National Institutions of Health, National Science Foundation and other agencies -- 3. Improvement and alternatives to peer review -- 4. Profile of assessors asked for advice regarding ARC large grants applications in 1995 -- 5. ARC Workshop on Peer Review -- Workshop outcomes -- Efficacy of the ARC's peer review processes -- Appendix 1. Peer review: reforms needed to ensure fairness in federal agency grant selection / United States General Accounting Office -- Appendix 2. Overseas research councils: URLs for the Internet -- Appendix 3. ARC Peer Review Process Workshop, Canberra, 10 December 1995 -- Appendix 4. Background papers -- Peer review and the Large Grants Program -- Selection process University-Industry Research Collaboration Committee (UIRCC) -- Research Training and Careers Committee (RTCC) -- Peer review in the Medical Research Committee (MRC) of the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHRMC) -- Appendix 5. Changes in the proposal review processes used by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) / James M. McCullough -- Appendix 6. In praise of gatekeepers / M. Kent Wilson -- Appendix 7. The right mix: review of peers as well as by highly qualified persons (non peers) / Frans C.H.D. van den Beemt -- Appendix 8. Participants -- Appendix 9. Implementation of the structured information manager as an assessor database management system for the Australian Research Council / Research Branch, Highed Education Division, Department of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs -- Appendix 10. Australian Research Council project brief: the peer review process. ratios not 2.vements to t
Summary This report examines how the peer review process is used by government competitive research schemes to determine funding support. Of particular interest are the strengths and weakness of this process in: identifying the 'best' research; demonstrating efficiency in the use of public funds (i.e. the direct and indirect costs of the process are in reasonable proportion to the total funding allocated); providing accountability for the public investment in the research base; supporting innovative, multidisciplinary, high risk, unorthodox or emerging areas of research; accommodating equity considerations through, for example, providing entry points for early career researchers; and responding to changes in both the internal conditions of research and the external policy and funding contexts. A central concern of the report is the efficacy of the peer review procedures used by the Australian Research Council in determining its awards. The issue is addressed with reference to the following: a comprehensive review of the international literature regarding the many issues and debates surrounding grants peer review and an identification of possible alternatives and improvements to the process; the proposal to review practices of several overseas research funding agencies; a detailed profile of external assessors for ARC Large Grants applications, the summary outcomes of which are presented in this report; and a workshop held by the Australian Research Council to secure input regarding its peer review operations from invited members of the Australian research community and senior representatives from the US National Science Foundation and the Dutch Technology Foundation.anch, Highed Ed 2. Project - N
Analysis Evaluation techniques
Federal issue
Government expenditure
Peer review
Research grants
Notes At head of title: National Board of Employment, Education and Training, Australian Research Council
Bibliography Bibliography: pages 175-189
Subject Peer review of research grant proposals -- Australia.
Peer review of research grant proposals.
Research grants -- Australia -- Finance.
Peer review.
Research grants -- Australia -- Management.
Research grants -- Australia.
Research -- Evaluation.
Peer Review [MESH]
Peer Review.
Author National Board of Employment, Education, and Training (Australia)
Australian Research Council.
ISBN 0644473193